With teleoperated robots it is relatively easy to experience telepresence--just put a wireless camera on a radio controlled truck and you can try it. Basically you feel like you are viewing the world from the point of view of the radio-controlled vehicle.
This clip from a Jame Bond movie is realistic in that he is totally focused on the telepresence via his cell phone to remotely drive a car, with only a few brief local interruptions.
It's also interesting that the local and remote physical spaces intersected, but he was still telepresenced to the car's point of view.
Humans cannot process more than one task simultaneously--but they can quickly switch between tasks (although context switching can be very tiresome in my experience). Humans can also execute a learned script in the background while focusing on a task--for instance driving (the script) while texting (the focus). Unfortunately, the script cannot handle unexpected problems like a large ladder falling off of a van in front of you in the highway (which happened to me a month ago). You have to immediately drop the focused task of texting and focus on avoiding a collision.
In the military, historically, one or more people would be dedicated to operating a single robot. The robot operator would be in a control station, a Hummer, or have a suitcase-style control system set up near a Hummer with somebody guarding them. You can't operate the robot and effectively observe your own situation at the same time. If somebody shoots you, it might be too late to task switch. Also people under stress can't handle as much cognitive load. When under fire, just like when giving a public presentation, you are often dumber than normal.
But what if you want to operate a robot while being dismounted (not in a Hummer) and mobile (walking/running around)? Well my robot interface (for Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle) enables that. The human constraints are still there, of course, so the user will never have complete awareness immediate surroundings simultaneously as operating the robot--but the user can switch between those situations almost instantly. However, this essay is not about the interface itself, but about an interesting usage in which you can see yourself from the point of view of the robot. So all you need to know about this robot interface is that it is a wearable computer system with a monocular head-mounted display.
One effective method I noticed while operating the robot at the Pentagon a few years ago is to follow myself. This allows me to be in telepresence and still walk relatively safely and quickly. Since I can see myself from the point of view of the robot, I will see any obvious dangers near my body. It was quite easy to get into this out-of-body mode of monitoring myself.
Unfortunately, this usage is not appropriate for many scenarios. Often times you want the robot to be ahead of you, hopefully keeping you out of peril. In many cases neither you or the robot will be in line-of-sight with each other.
As interaction design and autonomy improve for robots, they will more often than not autonomously follow their leaders, so a human will not have to manually drive them. However, keeping yourself in the view of cameras (or other sensors) could still be useful--you might be cognitively loaded with other tasks such as controlling arms attached to the robot, high level planning of robots, viewing information, etc., while being mobile yourself.
This is just one of many strange new interaction territories brought about by mobile robots. Intelligent software and new interfaces will make some of the interactions easier/better, but they will be constrained by human factors.
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- Sexual Fantasies: Threesomes Are Normal, Golden Showers Not So Much
- Ghost Light From Dead Galaxies - A Hubble Halloween
- US Wildlife Bans On GMOs And Neonics Lack Transparency And Scientific Rationale
- Is It Possible To Build A Spacesuit Or Spaceship To Travel Through The Sun With Future Tech? - Just For Fun.
- Does Max Tegmark Kill A Daughter In A Parallel World ?
- The Way Architecture Imitates Life, Biology Meets Geometry
- Greenpeace Says Its GMOs Are Better Than Science's GMOs, Still Hates Golden Rice
- "Verduyn is right on the money when he says it's not the emotion of sadness itself that's inherently..."
- "A very astute observation, given that they're both, in essence, electrical phenomena...."
- "A growing population is a huge problem because we take for granted the innovations that have..."
- " Well, perhaps, my inference and reply is faulty, but you do say Tolle basically claims his way..."
- "I'm flattered you think I wrote this. Jon will be less pleased...."
- Two-faced anti-GMO groups: Block crop and food innovations then claim Big Ag prevents GMO innovations
- Why support erodes for GMO labeling (Hint: It’s not because of spending by Big Ag)
- Genetic “hall of mirrors” with large palindromes, yet smaller: What’s mighty about the mouse
- Gut bacteria an easy scapegoat for disease, but connections hard to prove
- Vermont Rube Goldberg-like GMO labeling law exempts GMO filled natural supplements
- Downside to GMOs: Yields have become so good, they exceed processing capacity
- Fun and games make for better learners
- Avivagen publishes evidence for natural alternative to antibiotic use in livestock
- Drug tests on mothers' hair links recreational drug use to birth defects
- Bladderwrack: Tougher than suspected
- Scientists seek cure for devastating witches' broom disease of the chocolate tree