Banner
    Social Games For Health Behavior Modification
    By Samuel Kenyon | January 16th 2012 09:50 PM | 8 comments | Print | E-mail | Track Comments
    About Samuel

    Software engineer, AI researcher, interaction designer (IxD), actor, writer, atheist transhumanist. My blog will attempt to synthesize concepts...

    View Samuel's Profile
    Gamification is a topic I have mentioned not too long ago (see this post). Recently I attended a Boston CHI presentation by Chris Cartter called "The Socialization and Gamification of Health Behavior Change Apps."

    Gamification

    One thing that Cartter said that sounds right, and may resonate with some of my readers, is that games are fuzzy, not perfect sequential processes. And that is what health behavior changes are more like.

    So gamification in this area might actually result in better methods than old fashioned x-step procedures.

    Cartter works for a Boston company called MeYouHealth, which is cranking out these well-being apps for the iPhone. Largely the games use a concept of small action--little by little a specific goal is approached.

    Mobile

    The whole tie in with mobile phones is a big trend for everything of course, but it's possible that health behavior change is particularly ideal for mobile phone apps. According to behavior design guru BJ Fogg, "Mobile phones will become the #1 platform for persuasion," i.e. behavior change.

    Socialization

    As indicated by the title, the other major aspect of Cartter's presentation is the social network links. Hopefully Boston CHI will post the video eventually, but basically there are lots of social graphs which can indicate interest things such as self emergent groups and individuals who are catalysts and how new members integrate into groups, and stuff like that.

    The support of friends can be used effectively to change unhealthy behavior. Cartter previously worked on a successful friend network website for quitting smoking called QuitNet. MeYouHealth has largely been using Facebook's graph so far, but that could change in the future. One can now connect with others in the MeYouHealth space without Facebook. Obviously there could be some differences with communicating issues with existing friends as opposed to making new online friends who are struggling with similar problems.

    Here is a screenshot of MeYouHealth's Facebook app Super Friends, which gives you an interactive social graph image. "Super friends" can also be shown, which are those who connect you to the most others. This is from running the app on my own FB account. My super friends were DJs.

    The health aspect here is written right in the app:

    Your relationship with your friends don't just affect you socially - they affect your health as well. If a friend of yours becomes obese, your other friends who don't know you obese friend are more likely to become obese.

    Credit is then given to the book Connected, by by Nicholas Christakis and James Fowler.

    Another Boston company, RunKeeper, has had explosive growth during the past two years. They have six million people on their own social network, Health Graph. They have opened it up with an API so other apps and products can tie into it. It will be interesting to see which health social graphs will prevail (or get bought out).

    What is Well-Being?

    MeYouHealth was assembled to explore and/or perhaps create the well-being niche of mobile apps for well-being tracking and behavior change.

    If you are curious, you can take their well-being quiz online here. They've evolved the question set down with statistics. So questions that you might expect like "Do you smoke?" are not even asked.

    But how do we know that is telling us our well-being? What is well-being? Here is the definition from their website:

    Healthways Well-Being Index (WBI), a national survey that provides a comprehensive, real-time look at the U.S. public’s health and well-being. The WBI is based on telephone interviews with at least 1,000 U.S. adults each day. Over one million people have been surveyed since the survey’s launch in 2008, making it the nation’s largest and most comprehensive look at overall well-being.

    Although an accurate description of a population's well-being, the WBI was not designed to predict the well-being of an individual. Healthways, the parent company of MeYou Health, partnered with leading behavioral scientists to create an assessment tool for individuals, the Well-Being Assessment (WBA), which it administers to employers, health plans and other organizations. MeYou Health has adapted the WBA for online use and is presenting it here as the Well-Being Tracker.

    It would seem the definition of well-being here is circular: well-being is based on the WBA, and the WBA was made to assess well-being.

    But Does It Matter?

    But does the definition of "well-being" even matter, if people like these apps? There must be some balance: achieving change that is specific to their personal desires vs. achieving change that is known to be good in some way for humans in general.

    I suspect there must also be a balance between choosing to use a gamified process because you think that might be a fun and effective way to accomplish a real life change vs. becoming addicted to apps arbitrarily because that is the nature of games.

    And one aspect of games that is specifically exploited here is the social network integration. So I see at least three factors to keep in mind:

    1. Doing it because it's effective.
    2. Doing it because you started and now you're addicted
    3. Doing it because your friends are all doing it.

    So far, it's looking a little bit better than the future shown in the movie Demolition Man. Be well, gentle reader.

    Comments

    SynapticNulship
    For those who actually use the categories on this website, I wasn't sure what category to put this article in.
    Bonny Bonobo alias Brat
    Your relationship with your friends don't just affect you socially - they affect your health as well. If a friend of yours becomes obese, your other friends who don't know you obese friend are more likely to become obese. 
    OMG, never mind the Higgs field being 'a hypothetical, ubiquitous quantum field supposedly responsible for giving particles their masses' this will be much more earth shattering information to most of my soon to be ex girlfriends, as I have put on several kilos over Xmas! 
    My article about researchers identifying a potential blue green algae cause & L-Serine treatment for Lou Gehrig's ALS, MND, Parkinsons & Alzheimers is at http://www.science20.com/forums/medicine
    SynapticNulship
    With your knowledge of Higgs and social networks, you will surely be the life of any party.

    Of course, once you're aware of friend influences, you can try to avoid the connected effects (or use apps like those mentioned in this post).

    Personally, I've found that it helps to travel in different circles of friends and acquaintances, so that I don't accidentally start to normalize to one kind of group.
    Bonny Bonobo alias Brat
    With your knowledge of Higgs and social networks, you will surely be the life of any party. 
    Very funny Samuel, I haven't got one girlfriend in my social network who's eyes don't glaze over in nanoseconds the moment I start talking about superluminal neutrinos and the Higg's anything. I can only keep them interested in the Large Hadron Collider for nearly a minute if I talk about the possibility of it creating microscopic black holes, strangelets, magnetic monopoles, 'Bose-Novae' and expanding vacuum bubbles. That minute is spent explaining that I am not talking about black eyes, the Stranglers, monopoly, red noses and champagne! 

    I'm never the life of the party but I love dancing. I wonder if knowing one very skinny girlfriend has made all my other girlfriends skinny and somehow missed me out of the equation? I used to be skinny.....
    My article about researchers identifying a potential blue green algae cause & L-Serine treatment for Lou Gehrig's ALS, MND, Parkinsons & Alzheimers is at http://www.science20.com/forums/medicine
    Hi Helen, I've found that hanging out with slim people only works if they are following healthy practices. I had a roommate in college when I was young who was a very good influence on me to exercise. We went running every other day together. I rode my bicycle everywhere. We ate light enough that I got down to 107 pound, a nice slim weight. But then I left college and was around obese people a lot and gained weight. Married an obese partner and became obese myself. Now single and determined to regain my health, I've released 100 pounds and kept it off! I'm now a weight loss and wellness coach and love it! Dancing is an awesome exercise, keep it up!

    Bonny Bonobo alias Brat
    Thanks for this feedback and encouragement Nanette. You say that you'e found that 'hanging out with slim people only works if they are following healthy practices' and I wondered if you would consider people hardly ever eating carbohydrates to be a healthy practice? Many of my very slim girlfriends eat high protein, some fruit and low carbohydrate vegetable diets and avoid all starchy carbohydrates like the plague. 

    I recently went to Bali with one of them and also avoided most carbohydrates and I lost 3 kilos in 3 weeks. It was quite easy and I wasn't at all hungry but I wondered if it is a healthy practice? I felt fine and was exercising quite a bit too. I then returned home to a house full of carbohydrate munching, teenage boys and found it difficult to continue while surrounded by potatoes, bread, pasta, rice, noodles, biscuits and cereals once again.
    My article about researchers identifying a potential blue green algae cause & L-Serine treatment for Lou Gehrig's ALS, MND, Parkinsons & Alzheimers is at http://www.science20.com/forums/medicine
    I would not get too carried away with protein. Veggies and some fruit sounds good. High fiber, whole grain carbs like oats can help the colon and that's what I eat. But I get my protein from beans which have carbs in them and nuts which have fat. I don't lose weight fast, intentionally. When I lost weight quickly before I didn't feel as good and got leg cramps. I think slow weight loss is healthier. Just my thoughts.

    Great write-up, Samuel. Thanks for sharing what we're doing at MeYou Health with your readers. Just a small note: we actually create more than iPhone apps. DailyChallenge.com, for example, is web-based and has a mobile-optimized version.

    Have a great day,
    Alicia Benjamin
    Social Media Manager
    MeYou Health