"This gum prevents ice crystal formation and also creates the smooth, silky sheen in shampoos. As an additive gum is used extensively by cosmetics, textile, health and paper industry for retaining moisture, emulsifying and maintaining crispiness. For years researchers have been trying to identify this so called 'ice cream gene' which provides energy storage for seeds and cellulose to support cell walls in the guar plant. GS Randhawa, department of biosciences and biotechnology, IITRourkee, who was part of this research team in the final stage of the isolation process said, "This breakthrough in biotechnology research wherein the gene has been successfully isolated will be very beneficial as it can be transferred to the more widely grown soyabean crops." Preliminary investigation indicates that this gene is functionally expressed in soyabean seeds, producing mannan necessary to produce gum. This, however, does not spell good news for Indian exports of guar gum. Currently, 80 per cent of the world's guar is cultivated in India and 70 per cent of produce is concentrated in Rajasthan. Due to climatic vagaries the guar crop is subject to fluctuation in production. Randhawa explained that the primary aim of Dhugga's research team at Pioneer Hi-Bred International was to transfer this ice cream gene to more high yielding crops like soyabean. Stabilising the supply of this important food additive would benefit the food manufacturers and increase the demand for genetically modified soya crops. In addition to decoding the gene structure this discovery is also useful in understanding plant cell wall synthesis, the phenomenon propelling better plant growth, it's defence mechanisms against pathogen attacks. The gene identification technology can be used for transferring a beneficial and commercially viable property from one plant to other"
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- Homogenization Hypothesis: First World Problems Of Urban Lawn Care
- Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey - The Review
- The Art Of Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy
- Small Topics on Neutrino’s for Discussion
- 5,000 Years: Recent Natural Selection Altered The Appearance Of Europeans
- Biomass Plants: Go Small And It Could Help Stabilize The National Power Grid
- Physically Fit Teens Lead To Lower Risk Of Early Dementia
- "Tyson clearly states Bruno was no scientist. His vision of the Cosmos was a lucky guess because..."
- "I like Michio Kaku better than Tyson. Maybe they asked Michio Kaku to do it and he refused because..."
- "Tyson is all over religion. Do a search on 'Tyson on religion' then tell me he doesn't have an..."
- "On one hand, idahogie says that he doesn't care whether the author is right or wrong about Bruno..."
- "Totalitarianism didn't even exist until the 20th century. It was not until the 19 century with..."
- Bending the light with a tiny chip
- Detecting, testing, treating rare diseases: Technology delivers new era of personalization
- Researchers show that bold baboons learn to solve tasks from other baboons
- How Twitter shapes public opinion
- Research consortium identifies predictors of successful ACL reconstruction