Dyscalculia is a broad term for difficulty in understanding numbers, arithmetic and mathematics. It is different than 'I am not good at math', people with dyscalculia have difficulty with counting and adding, understanding patterns - when you should add, when to subtract - and even telling time.
In the wild world of epidemiology, there has been conjecture that being a pre-term baby was a risk factor for dyscalculia, because being pre-term children has also been linked to other cognitive deficits.
New research has concluded that pre-term children do not suffer from dyscalculia more often than healthy full term children. Dr. Julia Jäkel, a developmental psychologist from Ruhr-Universitaet-Bochum, and colleague Professor Dieter Wolke from the University of Warwick, refute previous studies on the topic. Unlike other studies, the researchers took the children’s IQ into consideration. Obviously using an intelligent quotient based on beliefs from the 1920s opens up the new paper to its own criticisms but this was to control for children with other cognitive disabilities.
© RUBIN, photo: Nelle
In order to assess specific mathematics deficiencies, children in Germany undergo a number of tests. If their result falls below a specific cut off value in maths, whilst their general cognitive skills (IQ) are normal, the diagnosis is “maths learning disorder” or “dyscalculia”.
The authors analyzed cognitive abilities of children born between 23 and 41 weeks gestation. In doing so, they covered the entire spectrum, ranging from extremely preterm to healthy term born infants. For this purpose, they used data of the Bavarian Longitudinal Study, which has been following a birth cohort from the late 80s until today.
But because preterm children may have general cognitive problems, they are impossible to be diagnosed with current criteria; consequently, they do not receive the required tuition in maths. Jäkel rgues for internationally standardized criteria which would allow diagnosing dyscalculia in children with mild cognitive impairments.
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- Curiosity Detects Spike In Methane, And Other Organic Molecules, On Mars
- Today's Global Warming Is Nothing Special
- There Was No 'Paleo Diet' - Ancient People Ate What They Had
- Worldwide, Life Expectancy Has Gone Up Over 6 Years Since 1990
- New Limits On VY Production From CDF: Good, But Also Disappointing
- Time To Stop Thinking Of Video Games As Just 'Software'
- Is Big Data Taking Over The Fashion Industry?
- "old news ..."
- "This research has virtually no bearing on the problem of AGW. Survival of early life is not the..."
- "I would have also checked vitamin D status. UVA breaks down vitamin A..."
- "Every day it is becoming harder to subscribe to the 'Fanaticism Of The Apocalypse' as it is applied..."
- "Curious conversation tactic. By the warming in the 1930s I guess you mean the small part of the..."
- Report: Clearing rainforests distorts wind and water, packs climate wallop beyond carbon
- Electron spin could be the key to high-temperature superconductivity
- Study shows epinephrine auto-injectors and asthma inhalers used incorrectly
- Moms of food-allergic kids need dietician's support
- How does prostate cancer form?