Illinois Education Association Proving Janus Right? Crooked Union Elections May Go Uncorrected.

The Illinois Education Association is a state level component of the National Education Association...

3D Printed Gun Files Still Available. The Archive Isn’t Secret. Internet Censorship Is Almost Pointless.

Defense Distributed it’s 3 D gun printing plans are still available on the web if you know...

What Sex Reassignment Surgery Is Really Like, at Least For Me.

Sex Reassignment Surgery in Transgender women is a misunderstood, maligned, and mysterious procedure...

Transphobia Rife in A Popular Style: Crunchyroll ’s Anime Mistranslations, and the Otoko-no-ko Trap

Crunchyroll, Funimation and others have perpetuated the miseducation, and knowingly or unknowingly...

User picture.
picture for Hank Campbellpicture for Fred Phillipspicture for Robert H Olleypicture for Patrick Lockerbypicture for Jerry Deckerpicture for Ramesh Chidambaram
Hontas FarmerRSS Feed of this column.

Currently I am an adjunct professor at the City Colleges of Chicago and the College of DuPage . My research focuses on astrophysics from massive star formation to astroparticle physics. Born and... Read More »


With the discovery of a dozen new tiny moons of Jupiter that planet now has upwards of 79 moons. Are all-natural satellites of a planet moons?  Not really, not unless they are similar to our Moon in objective physical properties.   Many of these moons are like Phobos and Deimos, the moons of Mars, in terms of their gross physical properties. These are bodies which are in fact captured asteroids or very asteroid like.  Some formed with Jupiter and orbit in the same direction that it rotates, prograde.  Some orbit against the direction of Jupiters orbit retrograde orbit.

Assuming that alien life has to be like life on Earth is the safest way to scientifically search for evidence of it.  A recent paper on the arXiv by a research team from Oxford is likely to cause headaches for SETI.  In short it shouldn't since the Oxford team has made a basic error in the midst of a masterful application of statistical analysis.  When searching for the truly unknown one must assume as little as possible.   In theoretical physics the hall mark of a good theory is one in which the most testable implications follow from the fewest assumptions and adjustable parameters.   Such is true of most areas of science.  So too must this be true of astrobiology and searches for intelligent life.

Every Branch of the service has ranks and uniforms which reflect their  history, mission, and culture. A potential space force would not be any different in this regard.  Consider the lineage it would have being mainly influenced by the US Air Force, the US Navy, and NASA.   Each has a rank structure of some kind.    It may be wise to establish a “space force” as a corps not within the Air Force... but within NASA, much as NOAA and NPHS have had for a long time.   Here is my take on how this could or should look.    If you question the need for a Space Force watch this 60 minutes video from 2015.

Space contains a wealth of mineral resources so abundant that it would make money as we now think of it obsolete.  We rely on space borne assets for  very ordinary every day things and will come to rely on them even more. The common sense of this, unlike other (separating families) things (G7 Russia) President Trump does (Covfefe) should be self evident.

Deep ancestry by DNA is not as straight forward as a paternity test.  Simplistic assumptions can lead to grave misunderstandings which are not helped by how DNA test are marketed.  I had my DNA tested by and I am waiting for results from National Geographic’s Genographic Project 2.0.  Using the raw data from and open source tools found at I found some perplexing results for those who are not scientifically trained. 
UPDATED below with my National Geographic Geno 2.0 information and a really odd result.   
Building blocks of life are not life or even really close, but they are hopeful signs.  NASA has announced that the Curiosity rover has found signs of the building blocks of life, as we know it, on Mars.   

These building blocks are common throughout the cosmos.  Even in interstellar clouds.  To have life, as we know it, requires liquid water.  Remember the signs of liquid water found on Mars back in 2011? Since then it has been convincingly argued that they may have just be flows of fine sand grains without water being involved at all.  Further study continues.