Around 70 percent of the rural population of India relies on buring the bio-fuel in the form of fire wood, cowdung cakes, saw dust, crop residues, sugarcane remnants, coconut shell in various forms. The fireplace or the local language word “Chulha” used for burning such bio-fuel is wasteful and uneconomic procedure besides causing the health damage due to incomplete combustion releasing lot of smoke which remains inside the kitchen which is generally devoid of any ventilator in the villages. With the result rural women encounter severe lungs problems. The dual loss of bio-fuel on the one hand due to improper burning and health damage to the hand prompted this study to work on alternative of the traditional system of bio-mass utilization in villages. Initially a survey was carried out on the type of “chulha” employed in the villages and bio-fuel utilized in Jaipur District of Rajasthan. Most of the villages utilize fuelwood stolen from the forests which gives poor fuel efficiency as it is not properly dried. A large section of villagers utilize cowdung mixed with some straw which results in waste of valuable FYM and disturbs the carbon cycle. Attempts were made to educate the villagers on the proper design of “Chulha” to improve the fuelwood utilization efficiency and solving the health problems by designing the improved “Chulha” which is under study now in several villages. Details shall be presented.
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