Scientific Name Nardostachys grandiflora DC. (=N. jatamansi DC.) Family Valerianaceae Used Part Rhizome Distribution Area Found in the alpine Himalayas from Punjab to Sikkim and Bhutan, at altitudes of 3,000-5,000 m. Common Uses . The roots are acrid, bitter with a flour; flattening, tonic cooling, antipyretic, alexipharmic,cure tridosha, kapha and biliousness, dieseases of the blood, burning sensation, erysipelas, leprosy,skin diseases, throat troubles, ulcers, improve the complexion. Traditionally the drug has been used as a herbal CNS drug in epilepsy, hysteria, and convulsions. It is a component of the Ayurvedic anti-epileptic drug `Ayush-56'. In Ayurveda, the drug is beleived to increase intellect/memory, remove evil spirits and oedema, and give strength besides many other uses. The drug has been standardized. In India and China, the root of jatamansi is used for intestinal colic, as an antispasmodic, diuretic, emmanagogue, carminative, stomachic, laxative, and in hysteria and cholera. A decoction of the powdered roots is prescribed as home remedy for high blood pressure. The rhizomes and roots significantly effect amylase activity. The root is also used in perfumery. The rhizome is considered tonic, stimulant, anti-spasmodic, diuretic, deobstruent, emmenagogue, stomachic and laxative. An infusion of the rhizome is reported to be useful in epilepsy, hysteria, palpitation of heart and chorea. A tincture of it is given in intestinal colic and flatulence. The rhizome is used as an aromatic adjunct in the preparation of medicinal oils; it is reported to promote the growth of hair and also impart blackness. Similar crude drugs Jatamansi has an agreeable odour with a bitter aromatic taste and is used as a substitute for valerian (Valeriana officinalis Linn.).