Evolution

Jumping Genes Turned The Tree Of Life Into A Bush

New species evolve whenever a lineage splits off into several branches and so a common metaphor for evolution has been to describe evolution as a 'tree of life', where every branch constitutes a species. But since about 99.999% of all species th ...

Article - News Staff - Aug 20 2015 - 7:00am

Four Stages Of Evolution For Human Body, Says Anthropologist

Research into 430,000-year-old fossils collected in northern Spain found that the evolution of the human body's size and shape has gone through four main stages, according to a recent paper.  A large international research team including Binghamton U ...

Article - News Staff - Sep 7 2015 - 10:00am

Ancient Genome Of Iberian Farmer Sequenced

An international team of researchers has sequenced the first complete genome of an Iberian farmer, which is also the first ancient genome from the entire Mediterranean area. This new genome allows to know the distinctive genetic changes of Neolithic migra ...

Article - News Staff - Sep 9 2015 - 11:47am

Homo Naledi: New Limb Added To Human Family Tree

Working in a cave complex deep beneath South Africa's Malmani dolomites, an international team of scientists has brought to light an unprecedented trove of hominin fossils-- more than 1,500 well-preserved bones and teeth-- representing the largest, m ...

Article - News Staff - Sep 11 2015 - 7:44am

Large Eyes Come At A High Cost

Researchers ave shown that well-developed eyes come at a surprising cost to other organ systems.  Researchers have long associated the presence of a well-developed brain with major energy consumption. This means that animals that develop advanced nervous ...

Article - News Staff - Sep 15 2015 - 7:00am

'Missing Link' Stories- Scientists Need To Choose Metaphors Wisely

This spring, the world learned of a newly discovered missing link between microbes and humans called Lokiarchaeota. The actual story is that the microbe Lokiarchaeota, discovered on the deep sea floor by a hydrothermal vent called Loki’s Castle, shares fe ...

Article - The Conversation - Sep 16 2015 - 11:46am

In Snakes, Blueprints For Limbs Also Help Control Formation Of External Genitalia

An evolutionary puzzle in the genome of several different snake species is why their genetic code has DNA that, in most animals, controls the development and growth of limbs. Since snakes have long, legless bodies that such genetic code was likely to have ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 8 2015 - 8:48am

Knee Deep In Spider Leg Evolution

In a new study, Nikola-Michael Prpic et al. have identified the driving force behind the evolution of a leg novelty first found in spiders: knees.   With eight hairy legs and seven joints on each---that's a lot of joints for a spider to coordinate in ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 8 2015 - 7:00am

Capacity To Regenerate Body Parts May Be Primitive State For Four-Legged Vertebrates

A team of paleontologists find in a new fossil study that the extraordinary regenerative capacities of modern salamanders are likely an ancient feature of four-legged vertebrates that was subsequently lost in the course of evolution. ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 28 2015 - 5:13am

Pliobates Cataloniae: New Primate Species At The Root Of The Tree Of Extant Hominoids

Living hominoids are a group of primates that includes the small-bodied apes (the lesser apes, or gibbons and siamangs, which constitute the family Hylobatidae) and the larger-bodied great apes (orangutans, gorillas and chimpanzees), which, along with hum ...

Article - News Staff - Nov 2 2015 - 7:37am