Science History

The Titanic, the famed cruise liner that sunk to the North Atlantic Ocean floor in 1912, was discovered in 1985. But as was often the case, getting funding to find it was difficult, with every group assuming someone else must want to write a check for what was really just adventure.
Years ago I enjoyed the wandering of James Burke in his Connections and Dya the Universe Changed books and documentaries. There seemed to be a chain of people involved with development of the many historical scientific and technological discoveries. This prompted me to is investigate whether there might be connections throughout history between myself and and these figures. This would be somewhat similar to the Kevin Bacon parlor game to identify an actor's connection to Kevin Bacon by a string of their movies. There is also a mathematical genealogical website listing the advisers and students through modern history in mathematics doctoral studies. But what would be considered a connection.
The number of articles retracted related to nutrition now numbers unlucky 13 - and that bad lack shares one name in common: Brian Wansink, Ph.D.

If I had to pick one consistent complaint from the public about scientists it's that people feel like those who should know the most about a topic are often the least able to give people a straight answer. Instead of providing the answer they know to be true, they hedge and qualify. When scientists without media training show up to talk, its easy to feel like you will hear or read "on the other hand' so many times that researchers are an alien species full of tentacles.

Blockchain is an emergent technology that may be as transformative as the internet, according to many predictions. But this innovative new technology has a surprising link to the days of medieval treasuries.

Blockchain is a distributed ledger that uses cryptography — mathematical code — to chain together records of transactions in a tamper-resistant and transparent manner. It is being used as an alternative or replacement for national currencies, contracts, internet device authentication and more.

Patterns of Latin in the Voynich Manuscript

The Voynich manuscript, more properly identified as Beinecke MS 408, has been a puzzle to many researchers for a few hundred years.  The first evidence of attempts to understand it consists of letters between owners and decryption experts.  There have been very many efforts made by linguists and cryptographers since the manuscript was brought to public attention in 1912.
The Voynich Manuscript in Latin

[edit]  while I am unable to respond to comments here due to a bug, I am making use of Neven Curlin's Arctic Forum to exchange comments under the topic It is an ancient manuscript.

The entire Voynich Manuscript has been converted into a readable text document which clearly shows that the underlying language is Latin.  The VM in Latin is released as a beta version at the foot of this article.
The Keys to the Voynich Manuscript

[edit]  while I am unable to respond to comments here due to a bug, I am making use of Neven Curlin's Arctic Forum to exchange comments under the topic It is an ancient manuscript.

The keys to the Voynich Manuscript consist of Latin letters which replace the symbols in the manuscript.  I intend to publish a full chart of my findings very soon.  Meanwhile, here is a snippet of translation, using Takeshi Takahashi's transcription files.


The Voynich Manuscript Unzipped

[edit]  while I am unable to respond to comments here due to a bug, I am making use of Neven Curlin's Arctic Forum to exchange comments under the topic It is an ancient manuscript.


The Voynich Manuscript is written in Latin, using a medieval version of what we, today, call data compression.  Bear with me for a while as I demonstrate some of the oddball behaviour of language (and linguists!) by having some fun with language.  And do please follow the links for your further edification and amusement. 


How would one detail in the past affect how technology and science evolved? The a recent blog I highlighted the unique role of fossil fuels in a transition from one energy sustainable society to another future potential society. I constructed the metaphor of this current transition as launching a rocket into orbit. The topic of what might have happened if oil never formed was addressed later.