Scientific Name Rosa alba Linn. Family Rosaceae Used Part Stem,flowers Distribution AreaIt is cultivated to some extent in Bulgaria and Turkey for extraction of oil (otto) from the flowers. Common Uses . The flowers are also said to be used as a cooling medicine in fevers and in palpitaion of the heart (Hurst, J. R. Leaves showed abortifacient activity. A pharmaceutical preparation from white rose extract along with other ingredients is used for treatment of liver disorders. Scientific Name Jatropha curcas L. Used Part Flowers Distribution Area Occurring almost throughout India and in Andaman Islands. Common Uses . The seeds are considered anthelmintic in Brazil. They are ground with palm oil and used as rat poison in Gabon. In Travancore, the seeds are fried, powedered and taken with molasses for stomach ache and as antidote for poisoning Tender twigs of the plant are used for cleaning teeth; the juice is reported to relieve toothache and strengthen gums. The juice of the plant is used as a purgative and haemostatic in Java; it is used for stupefying fish in the Philippines. The leaves are considered rubefacient and lactagogue; they are also reported to have insecticidal properties. In Ghana, the leaves are used for fumigating houses against bed-bugs. The leaf juice is used as an external application for piles; it is applied for inflammations of the tongue in babies. The twig sap is considered styptic and used for dressing wounds and ulcers; an emulsion of the sap with benzyl benzoate is said to be effective against scabies, wet eczema and dermatitis. A decoction of leaves and roots is given for diarrhoea. The root is reported to contain a yellow oil with strong anthelmintic action. The root bark is used in external applications for sores. In Konkan, the bark is rubbed with asafoetida and buttermilk and the paste given in cases of dyspepsia and diarrhoea. A decoction of the bark is given for rheumatism and leprosy. Pharmacological Effect Hexane extract of the seeds shows antifeedant activity. Latex exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus Rosenbach. In southern Rajasthan, leaves are warmed and tied to promote suppuration for treating Guinea- worm disease Others . The oil is used as an illuminant; it burns without emitting smoke. It can be used also as a lubricant and for making soaps and candles. It is used in wool-spinning in England. In Senegal, it is said to have been used as an adulterant of groundnut oil. It is used as an external application for skin diseases and rheumatism; it is reported to be abortifacient and also efficacious in dropsy, sciatica and paralysis. In Java, the oil is applied to hair as growth stimulant. It is also used as an application for sores on domestic stock. Young branches and leaves are used as manure for coconut trees. In Java and Malaya, tender leaves are reported to be eaten after cooking. In Assam, leaves are used as feed for the eri silk worm.