Mathematics
 'Mathematical Relativity' Improves Particle Calculation Speeds One MillionFold, Says Physicist

One of the foundations of Einstein's Special Relativity is that no particular frame of reference is better than any other whether you're sitting on the couch or barreling through space on a rocket, physics doesn't change. On the other hand, ...
Article  News Staff  Nov 12 2007  3:04pm
 Experimental Mathematics

The journal Experimental Mathematics, started in 1992, publishes “formal results inspired by experimentation, conjectures suggested by experiments, descriptions of algorithms and software for mathematical exploration, [and] surveys of areas of mathematics ...
Article  Seth Roberts  Dec 4 2007  6:18pm
 No Primate Left Behind: Monkeys Perform Arithmetic As Well As College Students

Adult humans possess some mathematical abilities that are unmatched by any other member of the animal kingdom but there is increasing evidence that the ability to count sets of objects nonverbally is a capacity that humans share with other animal species. ...
Article  News Staff  Dec 18 2007  12:30am
 The K_4 Crystal Is The Secret Of A Diamond's Beauty

For centuries, human beings have been entranced by the captivating glimmer of the diamond. What accounts for the stunning beauty of this most precious gem? As mathematician Toshikazu Sunada explains in an article in the Notices of the American Mathematical ...
Article  News Staff  Jan 3 2008  10:19am
 Old School Math Delivers New Ideas About Interstellar Shock Waves

Who needs a computer? Two theoretical physicists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute grabbed a piece of paper and described the motion of interstellar shock waves — violent events associated with the birth of stars and planets. The mathematical solution de ...
Article  News Staff  Jan 14 2008  2:13am
 3D Computer Snowflakes Are Never The Same Twice

Threedimensional snowflakes can now be grown in a computer using a program developed by mathematicians at UC Davis and the University of WisconsinMadison. No two snowflakes are truly alike, but they can be very similar to each other, said Janko Gravner, ...
Article  News Staff  Jan 17 2008  12:24pm
 Statistics Bowl How The 2007 Patriots And The 1972 Dolphins Compare Scientifically

Sports pundits across the country have been comparing the sofar unbeaten 2007 New England Patriots to the perfect 1972 Dolphins all year. A New York cardiologist has used the scientific statistics used in largescale medical trials to determine which of t ...
Article  News Staff  Jan 30 2008  10:04pm
 Can You Hear The Shape Of A Quantum Drum?

Forty years ago, mathematician Mark Kac asked the theoretical question, "Can one hear the shape of a drum?" If drums of different shapes always produce their own unique sound spectrum, then it should be possible to identify the shape of a specifi ...
Article  News Staff  Feb 8 2008  10:47am
 Poincaré Dodecahedral Space Model Gains Support To Explain The Shape Of Space

An international team of cosmologists, leaded by a researcher from Paris Observatory, has improved the theoretical pertinence of the Poincaré Dodecahedral Space (PDS) topology to explain some observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). In parall ...
Article  News Staff  Feb 11 2008  9:21pm
 Zig Or Zag? A New Mathematical Model Tells How We Master Steep Slopes

A straight line may be the shortest distance between two points, but it isn’t necessarily the fastest or easiest path to follow. That’s particularly true when terrain is not level, and now researchers have developed a mathematical model showing that a zigz ...
Article  News Staff  Feb 20 2008  1:53pm