There is some good news for consumers with a sweet tooth. Cornell food scientists have reduced the sweetener stevia's bitter aftertaste by physical - rather than chemical - means.
Cornell professor of food process engineering, Syed Rizvi, co-authored the research "Controlling the Taste Receptor Accessible Structure of Rebaudioside A via Binding to Bovine Serum Albumin," with Samriddh Mudgal, the lead author and former graduate student in Rizvi's lab at Cornell; Ivan Keresztes, director of Cornell's NMR facility in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, and Gerald W. Feigenson, professor of biochemistry, molecular and cell biology.
While previous studies have focused on masking taste receptors, Cornell food scientists took a different approach. They worked on one of stevia's components, rebaudioside A (also known as Reb A), the glycoside molecule that provides its sugary taste but yields a speck of aftertaste that limits the sweetener's commercial possibilities.
The researchers modified Reb A by applying "hydrophobic effects" to the bovine serum albumin protein, which creates a stable Reb A-protein complex - and it essentially dissipates the Reb A molecular components without breaking or forming any chemical bonds. This protein solution disengages stevia's bitter components, making it less likely for the human tongue's bitter receptors to recognize the modified Reb A-protein complex.
Researchers tested the modified protein's sturdiness in orange juice and found the sweet binding remained intact.
The study's findings could encourage the beverage industry, packaged dressings, cream sauces, powdered soups and dairy products to use more stevia.