Despite believing that self-care is a vitally important part of health and overall well-being, many physicians overlook their own self-care, according to a new survey released today, conducted by The Harris Poll on behalf of Samueli Integrative Health Programs. Lack of time, job demands, family demands, being too tired and burnout are the most common reasons for not practicing their desired amount of self-care.
"Doctors seem to understand the physical as well as mental, emotional and social value of engaging in self-care, and that's encouraging because we are in a powerful position to help promote self-care among our patients," said Wayne Jonas, MD, executive director of Samueli Integrative Health Programs. "But when it comes to their own self-care, many physicians are falling short, which perhaps is one reason for the clinician burnout crisis facing our country."
The survey - involving more than 300 family medicine and internal medicine physicians as well as more than 1,000 U.S. adults ages 18 and older - found that although 80 percent of physicians say practicing self-care is "very important" to them personally, only 57 percent practice it "often" and about one-third (36%) do so only "sometimes." The survey was conducted online by The Harris Poll on behalf of Samueli Integrative Health Programs in May and June 2019.
Lack of time is the primary reason physicians say they aren't able to practice their desired amount of self-care (72%). Other barriers include mounting job demands (59%) and burnout (25%). Additionally, almost half of physicians (45%) say family demands interfere with their ability to practice self-care, and 20 percent say they feel guilty taking time for themselves.
"Physicians are under an exorbitant amount of stress. The way that our health system is set up requires physicians to spend more time on administrative duties and less time with patients and themselves," said Jonas. "This mounting pressure on physicians will only get worse. We need to fix the system to allow physicians breathing room to care for themselves as much as they care for their patients."
However, nearly all physicians (98%) believe self-care positively impacts mental health and 97 percent believe it has a positive impact on physical health. Further, about 9 in 10 physicians (96%) agree that self-care should be considered an essential part of overall health.
When physicians do engage in self-care, 87 percent say it is to maintain or improve their physical health, 83 percent to reduce stress and 82 percent to maintain or improve their mental health. Common self-care practices among physicians include exercise (83%), eating healthy foods (81%), maintaining healthy relationships (77%), working on personal development (76%), engaging in stress relief activities like reading or meditating (70%) and getting enough sleep (70%).