LONDON, October 30 /PRNewswire/ -- Eisai Co., Ltd. today announced preliminary results from a recently completed Phase III study with E7389 (generic name: eribulin mesylate, eribulin), discovered and developed by the Company, in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
This global Phase III study, known as EMBRACE, (Eisai Metastatic Breast Cancer Study Assessing Physician's Choice Versus E7389), was an open-label, randomized, parallel two-arm, multi-center study of 762 women(1) with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer previously treated with at least two and a maximum of five prior chemotherapy regimens, including an anthracycline and a taxane.(2)
The patients were treated either with eribulin (administered intravenously over two to five minutes on days 1 and 8 every 21 days) or with treatment of physician's choice.(3) Treatment of physician's choice is defined as any single agent chemotherapy, hormonal treatment or biological therapy approved for the treatment of cancer; or palliative treatment or radiotherapy administered according to local practice.(4)
Preliminary results from the study demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in overall survival, the primary endpoint, in eribulin-treated patients compared with the physician's choice of therapy. The safety profile of eribulin in this Phase III study was consistent with the adverse events seen in previous Phase II clinical studies and the most common adverse event reported was myelosuppression.
Eribulin is a new chemical compound discovered and developed by Eisai. It is a synthetic analogue of halichondrin B, a naturally-derived compound that was first isolated from a marine sponge. While taxanes inhibit cell division by stabilising microtubules, eribulin is a microtubule dynamics inhibitor that arrests the cell cycle through inhibition of the growth of microtubules without interfering with microtubule shortening.
While early detection by breast cancer screening and the development of innovative anti-cancer drugs have contributed to the decline in breast cancer mortality around the world, breast cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer death in women. Although advances are being made every year in the treatment of breast cancer, women with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer have limited treatment options and the development of more effective treatment or anti-cancer drugs is critically important.
Eisai will complete a more detailed analysis of the data prior to submitting marketing authorization applications for eribulin to health authorities in Japan, the United States, and Europe for locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer by the end of the fiscal year 2009.
Eisai is currently conducting clinical trials of this compound in-house to evaluate the efficacy and safety not only in breast cancer, but also in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), hormone refractory prostate cancer, and sarcoma. Eisai also includes eribulin as one of the compounds in the co-development projects based on the strategic collaboration agreement with Quintiles and will proceed with joint clinical development of this compound for NSCLC as well as bladder cancer.
Eisai defines oncology as a therapeutic area of focus and is committed to developing novel anti-cancer agents and treatments for supportive care. With these efforts, Eisai will make further contributions to addressing the diversified needs of and improving benefits to patients and families affected by cancer as well as healthcare professionals.
For more information about eribulin, health care professionals and patients in Europe may call +44 (0) 845-676-5200 or send enquiries to email@example.com.
Eisai Europe Ltd
Eisai Europe Limited (EEL) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eisai Co., Ltd. and supports the activities of its operations across Europe, where Eisai has sales and marketing operations in over 20 markets, including: the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, Ireland, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia. In addition, other Eisai operating companies in Europe carry out basic discovery research; distribution logistics; clinical research; and manufacturing.
Eisai Co., Ltd.
Eisai Co., Ltd. is a research-based human health care (hhc) company that discovers, develops and markets products throughout the world. Through a global network of research facilities, manufacturing sites and marketing subsidiaries, Eisai actively participates in all aspects of the worldwide health care system. Eisai employs approximately 11,000 employees worldwide.
Eisai concentrates its RD activities in three key areas:
- Integrative Neuroscience, including Alzheimer's disease, neuropathic pain and epilepsy. - Integrative Oncology, including anticancer therapies, tumor regression, tumor suppression and antibodies; supportive cancer therapies include nausea and vomiting. - Vascular/Immunological Reaction including acute coronary syndrome, atherothrombotic disease and sepsis.
[Please refer to the following notes for a glossary of terms]
Note to editors:
About locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer
Breast cancer is staged from Stage 0 to Stage IV, based on the size of the breast lump, whether lymph nodes are involved, and whether the distant metastases have developed. Locally advanced breast cancer, also known as Stage III, is invasive breast cancer that has spread to axillary lymph nodes, the chest wall, skin of the breast, or above or below the collarbone. Metastatic breast cancer, considered Stage IV, is diagnosed when cells from the original breast tumour have spread beyond the breast to other parts of the body, usually the liver, bone, brain, or lungs.
It is believed that more than one million women are newly diagnosed with breast cancer each year around the world.(5)
About overall survival
Overall survival is defined as the time from the date of randomisation until the date of death from any cause.
(1) Data on file
(2) Eisai Clinical Study Protocol, The EMBRACE Trial: Eisai Metastatic Breast Cancer Study Assessing Physician's Choice Versus E7389, Final Incorporating Amendment 1, Version Date: 08 August 2006. Page 1, par. 3
(3) Ibid page 8, par.1
(4) Ibid, page 8, par.2
(5) Freddie Bray, Peter McCarron, D Maxwell Parkin, The changing global patterns of female breast cancer incidence and mortality. Breast Cancer Res 2004; 6(6);229-239
Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1064079/
SOURCE: Eisai Co., Ltd.
CONTACT: Bob Laverty, Eisai Inc., +1-201-746-2265 (office),+1-201-937-2591 (mobile); Judee Shuler, Eisai Inc., +1-201-746-2241(office), +1-908-337-2540 (mobile)