Here are my two last papers. They will appear in the Proceedings of the ICFP 2012 Conference (Crete, June 2012) to be published by the European Physical Journal Web of Conferences, http://www.epj-conferences.org/ , but can already be found at the following adresses :
or the Mathematical Physics archive (University of Texas)
The abstracts are :
Pre-Big Bang, fundamental Physics and noncyclic cosmologies
Detailed analyses of WMAP and Planck data can have significant implications for noncyclic pre-Big Bang approaches incorporating a new fundamental scale beyond the Planck scale and, potentially, new ultimate constituents of matter with unconventional basic properties as compared to standard particles. Cosmic-ray experiments at the highest energies can also yield relevant information. Hopefully, future studies will be able to deal with alternatives: i) to standard physics for the structure of the physical vacuum, the nature of space-time, the validity of quantum field theory and conventional symmetries, the interpretation of string-like theories...; ii) to standard cosmology concerning the origin and evolution of our Universe, unconventional solutions to the cosmological constant problem, the validity of inflationary scenarios, the need for dark matter and dark energy... Lorentz-like symmetries for the properties of matter can then be naturally stable space-time configurations resulting from more general primordial scenarios that incorporate physics beyond the Planck scale and describe the formation and evolution of the physical vacuum. A possible answer to the question of the origin of half-integer spins can be provided by a primordial spinorial space-time with two complex coordinates instead of the conventional four real ones, leading to a really new cosmology. We discuss basic questions and phenomenological topics concerning noncyclic pre-Big Bang cosmologies and potentially related physics. (Contribution to the International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics, ICFP 2012, Kolymbari, Crete, June 10-16 2012)
High-energy cosmic rays and tests of basic principles of Physics
With the present understanding of data, the observed flux suppression for ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) at energies above 4.10E19 eV can be a signature of the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) cutoff or be related to a similar mechanism. But it may also correspond, for instance, to the maximum energies available at the relevant sources. In both cases, violations of special relativity modifying cosmic-ray propagation or acceleration at very high energy can potentially play a role. Other violations of fundamental principles of standard particle physics (quantum mechanics, energy and momentum conservation, vacuum homogeneity and "static" properties, effective space dimensions, quark confinement...) can also be relevant at these energies. In particular, UHECR data would in principle allow to set bounds on Lorentz symmetry violation (LSV) in patterns incorporating a privileged local reference frame (the "vacuum rest frame", VRF). But the precise analysis is far from trivial, and other effects can also be present. The effective parameters can be related to Planck-scale physics, or even to physics beyond Planck scale, as well as to the dynamics and effective symmetries of LSV for nucleons, quarks, leptons and the photon. LSV can also be at the origin of GZK-like effects. In the presence of a VRF, and contrary to a "grand unification" view, LSV and other violations of standard principles can modify the internal structure of particles at very high energy and conventional symmetries may cease to be valid at energies close to the Planck scale. We present an updated discussion of these topics, including experimental prospects, new potentialities for high-energy cosmic ray phenomenology and the possible link with unconventional pre-Big Bang scenarios, superbradyon (superluminal preon) patterns... The subject of a possible superluminal propagation of neutrinos at accelerator energies is also dealt with. (Contribution to the International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics, ICFP 2012, Kolymbari, Crete, June 10-16 2012)
(end of the abstracts)
I will comment on these papers in my next article of this blog.
All the best
- BICEP2 Data, CMB B-modes, Inflation, Alternative Cosmologies... (I)
- A Privileged Space Direction? Spinorial Space-time, WMAP, Planck (I)
- Relativity, cosmic rays, cosmology and spinorial space-time (I)
- BICEP2, cosmic inflation, pre-Big Bang, SST, galactic effects...
- BICEP2 Data, CMB B-modes, Inflation, Alternative Cosmologies... (II)