Suicide remains the second leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States, this year nearly 5,000 adolescents will commit suicide and advocates claim over 500,000 will make an emergency room visit that is or could be a suicide attempt.
Better tools to evaluate, identify, and treat at-risk adolescents are crucial for the development and implementation of effective preventive strategies and a series of articles explores key factors that may contribute to suicidal risk and presents new assessment and treatment approaches.
Co-editors of the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology special edition David A. Brent, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and Harold S. Koplewicz, and Ron Steingard, Child Mind Institute, state that "Taken as a collective whole, these articles should give investigators and clinicians hope that, with further work in studying protective factors, etiopathogenesis, and novel interventions, we can save lives and reduce the public health burden of lost years of life to youth suicide."
"Identifying Adolescents at Highly Elevated Risk for Suicidal Behavior in the Emergency Department" presents the results of a prospective study of adolescents found to be at high-risk for suicide on screening. Cheryl A. King, PhD and coauthors report the rates of suicidal behavior two months later and identify possible predictors of acute risk for suicidal events.
Adolescents with a history of suicide attempts, compared to teens that have not attempted suicide, exhibit greater risk-taking in their decision-making style and have greater difficulty predicting probable outcomes, according to study results described in the article "Risk-Sensitive Decision-Making Deficit in Adolescent Suicide Attempters" by John P. Ackerman, PhD and coauthors.
The relationship between suicide attempts and impulsive-aggressive responsiveness is explored in an article by Jeffrey A. Bridge, PhD et al. entitled "Impulsive Aggression, Delay Discounting, and Adolescent Suicide Attempts: Effects of Current Psychotropic Medication Use and Family History of Suicidal Behavior"
Shirley Yen, PhD and colleagues examined the relationship between an adolescent's perceptions of invalidation by family and peers and the risk of suicidal events and self-mutilation, and whether this differs between boys and girls. They report their findings in the article "Perceived Family and Peer Invalidation as Predictors of Adolescent Suicidal Behaviors and Self-Mutilation"
In the article "Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder: Results from a Pilot Randomized Trial," Tina R. Goldstein, PhD and coauthors compare the effectiveness of conventional psychosocial treatment with an alternative form of evidence-based psychotherapy known as dialectical behavior therapy in adolescents with bipolar disorder.
Anthony Spirito, et al., "Concurrent Treatment for Adolescent and Parent Depressed Mood and Suicidality: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Preliminary Findings. DOI: 10.1089/cap.2013.0130