19th European Union Biomass conference 2011 at Berlin
Starting from 1982 when I attended 2nd EU biomass conference in Berlin ICC for the first time till this 19th EU in a span of 30 years Biomass has received greater interest from EU and greater acceptance . In the present conference 6th to 10th June at Berlin around 1000 presentations give state of art of biomass and its use for future. What is the alternatives available ? Our solar system is life line for survival on earth and plants are only source of food fiber and timber and fuel also. However there is need to search novel plants which can grow in saline areas and produce biomass like Salicornia spp. or produce high yielding strins of Jatropha. Considerbable interest was there at the conference on next generation biofuels. I was very that continued interest of Dr Grassi, and Dr Peter Helms has brought the EU biomass researches to new heights. Congratulations. PRODUCTION AND DEMONSTRATION OF HIGH QUALITY PLANT MATERIAL OF JATROPHA CURCAS Ashwani Kumar, Alexander von Humboldt Fellow. Energy Plantation Demonstration Project Centre. Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan Jaipur 302004, India Ashwanikumar214@gmail.com Phone 00 91 141 2654100 (M) 00 91 9461663610) ABSTRACT: Jatropha curcas is native to Rajasthan. In Micro mission project extensive survey of the state of Rajasthan was carried out. 110 accessions of Jatropha curcas were collected from Udaipur, Bhilwara , Banwara, Pali and Chittorgarh and Rajsamand with an object to select superior planting material with oil content 35 to 40 percent. The selected plant material was characterized for their oil content and its composition at TERI, New Delhi and over 60 high yielding accessions have been deposited at National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi and IC accessions numbers have been assigned to them. Macro and micro propagation technology has been standardized. Mass multiplication of selected elites have been carried out at three different locations and agro technology package have been developed. Accession IC565601 and IC565602 have been planted at Viratnagar Near Jaipur. Elite strains have given excellent performance depending on edaphic, climatic and nutritional conditions. Some of the accessions are under multilocational trial of Government of India being carried out in different agroclimatic zones under Department of Botany, Govt of India, New Delhi. NEW AND RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY: SALICORNIA SPP. A HALOPHYTE HAS POTENTIAL FOR BIOMASS YIELD IN COASTAL AREAS OF THE WORLD. Ashwani Kumar and Vijay Rani Kumar Plant Biotechnology Lab., Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur – 302 004, INDIA Phone :00 91 141 2654100( M) 00919461663610 E-mail : email@example.com ABSTRACT: Around 40 percent of world populations lives in coastal areas. The salt marshes, coastal inlands and sea shores have their special flora and fauna and most of it is able to survive and grow in salt water . There's a limited amount of fresh water in the world use of saline water for raising biomass and biofuel utilizing halophytes could provide sustainable development without competing with fresh water resources or aerable lands. Several halophytes grow in salt marhses and coastal areas around the globe including Salicornia bigoveli, Salicornia brachiata and Salicornia europaea L. These plants often occupy the lowest and most saline (>3.5% total salt) areas of salt marshes. This could be potential plant for oil and biomass production on hitherto un exploited sea shores. Salicornia brachiata Roxb. (Amaranthaceae), a leaf less succulent annual halophyte, having a unique genetic makeup which allows them to grow and survive under stress conditions. It is found commonly growing on the Gujarat coast in India. Investigations have been undertaken to raise Salicornia and develop its agrotechnology for large scale cultivation. METABOLIC ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION OF NEXT-GENERATION BIO-FUELS Ashwini Kumar Alexander von Humboldt Fellow Energy Plantation Demonstration Project Centre. Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur – 302 004, INDIA Phone : 0141-2711654 (Off.) 0141-2654100 (Resi.) E-mail : Ashwanikumar214@gmail.com ABSTRACT: Biomass currently supplies about a third of the developing countries’ energy varying from about 90% in countries like Uganda, Rawanda and Tanzania, to 45 percent in India, 30 percent in China and Brazil and 10-15 percent in Mexico and South Africa. The crucial questions are whether the two billion or more people who are now dependent on biomass for energy will increase. The fact that 90 percent of the worlds population will reside in developing countries by about 2050 probably implies that biomass energy will e with us forever. Planting of more trees in forest reserves for reducing global warming has been universally accepted, the idea being that carbon-dioxide absorption would continue until the trees mature say for 40 to 100 years. Although it is recognized that this is not a permanent solution this “carbon sequestration” strategy buy time to develop alternative energy sources.