1. Albert Einstein (1879-1955) German-American physicist, often considered the definition of genius. Most praised for his Theory of Relativity and mass-energy equivalence (E= MC2) along with countless other additions in the field of physics. Received the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his work in theoretical physics.
"Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding."
"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed."2. Charles Darwin (1809- 1882) Propose the Theory of Evolution through the process of Natural Selection, providing the first accepted and unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life.
3. Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
Mathematician, physicist and apple lover who proposed the law of universal gravitation as well as the three laws of motion: Inertia, Force= mass x acceleration and action/reaction.
"To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction."
"I was like a boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me."
"We build too many walls and not enough bridges."
4. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Psychiatrist, best known for his theories of the unconscious mind, the defense mechanism for repression and sexual desire. Created the clinical practice of psychoanalysis, using communication to cure psychopathology. He is also known for his interpretation of dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires.
5. Thomas Edison (1847-1931) Inventor who popularized, among other things, the light bulb and the phonograph. He helped optimize mass production and helped America become an industrial powerhouse.
"Restlessness is discontent and discontent is the first necessity of progress. Show me a thoroughly satisfied man and I will show you a failure. "
"Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up."
"Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence"
"All human actions have one or more of these seven cause: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire."
7. Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) Scientist, mathematician, inventor, engineer, architect, anatomist, musician, painter, sculptor and writer. It doesn't sound so spectacular written that way but there is no way to be spectacular enough about Da Vinci so that's the best I can do.
"Beyond a doubt truth bears the same relation to falsehood as light to darkness."
"The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions."
8. William Herschel (1738-1822) Astronomer, discovered Uranus, nebulae and binary stars. He was the first to accurately describe the Milky Way Galaxy as well as the first to discover inferred radiation within space.
"All human discoveries seem to be made only for the purpose of confirming more and more the truths contained in the sacred scriptures."
"If I were to pray for a taste which would stand by me under every variety of circumstances, and be a source of happiness and cheerfulness to me through life, and a shield against its ills, however things might go amiss, and the world frown upon me, it would be a taste for reading."
9. Archimedes (287- 212 BCE) Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist and engineer responsible for contributions in hydrostatics as well as the foundation for calculus. If you've ever had what you called a "Eureka!" moment, he's the scientist who made it famous and he proved sometimes you can do your best science in a bathtub."Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world.”
10. James Prescott Joule (1818-1889) Played a fundamental role in the field of physics with his first law of thermodynamics, which Isaac Asimov called "one of the most important generalizations in the history of science." With Lord Kelvin, discovered that gases cool when they expand.
"Believing that the power to destroy belongs to the Creator alone I affirm... that any theory which, when carried out, demands the annihilation of force, is necessarily erroneous."***** So there, my tribute to some of those who shaped our world of science and our understanding of reality. Since their science will never be forgotten, so should their words of advice be remembered. There's no guarantee that remembering how they understood life will make us as great as they are, but it can't hurt either.