Neuroscience

Spontaneous Rare Mutations Cause Half Of Autism

Researchers are saying a new analysis of data on the genetics of autism spectrum disorder disputes a commonly held belief that autism results from the chance combinations of commonly occurring gene mutations, which are otherwise harmless.  They find, inst ...

Article - News Staff - Sep 23 2015 - 6:30am

What Fossilized Ear Bones Tell Us About Ancient Human Hearing

How did the world sound to our ancient human relatives two million years ago? While we obviously don’t have any sound recordings or written records from anywhere near that long ago, we do have one clue: the fossilized bones from inside their ears. The int ...

Article - The Conversation - Aug 28 2019 - 12:16pm

Difficulty Processing Speech May Be An Effect Of Dyslexia, Not A Cause

The cognitive skills used to learn how to ride a bike may be the key to a more accurate understanding of developmental dyslexia. And, they may lead to improved interventions. Carnegie Mellon University scientists investigated how procedural learning- how ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 9 2015 - 6:30am

Protecting Newborn Brains From Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy Using Hypothermia

A new study of newborns treated with hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)- a condition that occurs when the brain is deprived of an adequate oxygen supply- confirms its neuroprotective effects on the brain. Therapeutic hypothermia or targ ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 16 2015 - 9:00am

Antipsychotics Used Long Term In Alzheimer's Patients

Antipsychotic drugs are initiated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) more frequently than in the general population- already 2-3 years before the Alzheimer's diagnosis, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. Most ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 16 2015 - 3:00am

Neurons That Make Men Desire Sex More Than Food Found

A pair of neurons that cause males to remember and seek sex even at the expense of food. These neurons, which are male-specific, are required for sex-based differences in learning, suggesting that sex differences in cognitive abilities can be genetically ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 15 2015 - 4:22pm

Mother's Gestational Diabetes Diagnosis Slows Fetal Brain Response After Meals

Washington, DC--When a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes, her unborn child tends to react more slowly to sounds after the mother consumes sugary foods or drinks compared to the offspring of a woman who does not have the condition, according to a new ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 14 2015 - 2:30pm

Neural Switch Turns Dreams On And Off

At the flip of a switch, neuroscientists can send a sleeping mouse into dreamland. The researchers did it by inserting an optogenetic switch into a group of nerve cells located in the ancient part of the brain called the medulla, allowing them to activate ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 19 2015 - 6:30am

PSD-95 And Building And Breaking Synapses

Our ability to learn, move, and sense our world comes from the neurons in our brain. The information moves through our brain between neurons that are linked together by tens of trillions of tiny structures called synapses. Although tiny, synapses are not ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 25 2015 - 7:25pm

How The Brain Multitasks

Researchers say they have added to evidence that a shell-shaped region in the center of the mammalian brain, known as the thalamic reticular nucleus or TRN, is likely responsible for the ability to routinely and seamlessly multitask.  The process, they su ...

Article - News Staff - Oct 22 2015 - 1:44pm