But researchers writing in Nature say the radiation of atmospheric wave energy has been overlooked so far. These strong atmospheric waves, called Rossby waves, draw cold northern air over the eastern boundaries and would also be an explanation for why those cold regions in Asia and North America are similar. That's right, places like New York are cooled by hit in the oceans off their coasts.
Climate complexity has always been understood by scientists but due to the cultural controversy over global warming 'complexity' has become a mantra for all sides. If northern ocean currents were to transmit less heat due to a warming planet, for example, it could throw Europe into a deep freeze - except the warming of the planet might counteract that, meaning no change in real temperature while things get more unstable. Systems are complex, the same way your sore neck could cause you to have trouble with your knee.
Caption: Sea surface temperatures off the eastern coast of North America as taken by the Advanced High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA polar-orbiting satellites. Credit: NOAA
Is the simulation 'realistic' the way a mechanical engineering model of a boat might be? No, and more studies would be needed to see how much of the temperature contrast between the Atlantic and Pacific can be explained by the Rossby wave plumes. There are large differences in both topography and size between North America and Asia. Plus, if this research holds out, Rossby waves have to factored into past climate change over longer periods as well.
Citation: Yohai Kaspi &Tapio Schneider, 'Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries
induced by warm ocean waters', Nature 471, 584–586 31 March 2011 doi:10.1038/471584a