The Brazilian Atlantic forest is home to animals, birds, plants, and tourist trains. Credit: EPA
By Cristina Banks-Leite, Imperial College London
Brazil’s Atlantic forest – Mata Atlântica – is one of the world’s great biodiversity hotspots, rivalling even the Amazon. Running on and off for several thousand kilometres along the coast, the forest is home to 10,000 plant species that don’t exist anywhere else, more bird species than the whole of Europe, and more than half of the country’s threatened animal species.