In recent years, international climate policy has increasingly focused on limiting temperature rise,as opposed to achieving greenhouse-gas-concentration-related objectives. The agreements reached at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change conference in Cancunin 2010 recognize that countries should take urgent action to limit the increase in global average temperature to less than 2 ◦ C relative to pre-industrial levels.
"Bioethanol, Biobutanol, Biodiesel, Vegetable oils, Biomethanol, Pyrolysis oils,
Biodiesel: Technically, Mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from renewable lipid feedstock such as vegetable oils and animal fats for use in Compression Ignition engines”.
The definition eliminates pure vegetable oils.
Depending on the feed stock it may be referred as :
– Soybean methyl ester - SME or SOME
– Rape methyl ester - RME
– Fatty acid methyl ester - FAME (a collective term including both of the above).
– Vegetable oil methyl ester - VOME yielding plants provide bio-diesel.
Global climate change has stimulated efforts to reduce CO2 emissions. Photosynthetic organisms use solar energy to generate reducing equivalents and incorporate atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules. Cellular phenotype is a manifestation of gene expression levels, metabolic demand, resource availability, and cellular stresses. The variation in raw material for production of biofuels ranges from hydrocarbon yielding plants, non-edible and edible oil yielding plant, corn ,sugarcane to lingo-cellulosic waste to algal biofuels. Currently, cellulosic biofuels and algal biodiesels are prominent biological approaches to sequeste rand convert CO2.
Plants have a capacity to uptake minerals from the soil and use them for synthesis of their own cellular components. Plants are autotrophs and they can make their own food and human beings are heterotrophs; we have to get food from plants.
All life on earth depends on the energy captured by plants.
How do plants discriminate among ions to be taken up by them? How do they "exclude ions" (or in simple terms if you allow me to put a corollary) "vomit out" , i.e., sodium exclusion from membrane?
Today in a show on television called “Asar”, Mr. Amir Khan rightly upheld my point that it's better to eat slightly damaged or slightly infected fruits instead of eating totally shiny and infection-free fruits and vegetables and government representatives promised to check the contents of pesticides in the fruits and vegetables at a point before they are supplied to retailers in Delhi.
What is organic farming and “organic food”?
In the EU in many stores, particularly in Germany, there are shelves with the label “organic food”. To my surprise they cost almost double or one and half times the “normal food”.
Perhaps farmers in India or Japan or Europe some 1,000 years ago were doing the same: organic farming.
At the most this “organic food” could be food produced without inorganic fertilizers, without insecticidal spray with the help of organic fertilizers.
Today you'll find a myriad of different
Earth observation systems covering all from local to global areas,
collected from sub-sea to ground to air and of course space.
Providers of these Earth observation services come from both public
and private sector. Some of the collected data are required through
national regulations while others are in demand because of global
challenges such as climate change etc. The need for Earth
observations permeates the entire global society.
Answering this need for Earth
observation capacity several Earth observation systems have been
Critics of organic agriculture claim it is too low-yieldingto be a viable alternative to conventional agriculture. However, a growing body of evidence suggests that poor performance is not an intrinsic property oforganic production, but rather the result of growing poorly adapted varieties.It is estimated that over 95% of organic agriculture is based on conventionally adapted varieties, even though the production environments found in organic vs. conventional farming systems are vastly different due to their distinctive management practices. Most notably, organic farmers have fewer inputs available than conventional growers to control their production environments.
When Sulphur, Copper and organo metallic pesticides were replaced by systemic fungicides and pesticides it was a great breakthrough. Cash crops like cotton attract maximum use of pesticides.
In a popular TV show in India, advice was given not to use pesticides and go for organic farming. Most of the villagers in earlier times were engaged in organic farming alone as they had no access to pesticides or fertilizers due to remoteness, lack of knowledge or paucity of funds. No doubt the government of India has spread the knowledge about agriculture to villages and now its quite common that villagers use both. However, more so in the case of cash crops like cotton, sugarcane or vegetables.
There is debate on whether global warming is taking place or not ? On World Environment day CHEC India organised valuable national seminar under leadership of President Professor H. S. Sharma.