The so-called 'reality-based community' hates popular culture, unless they like it ironically. Sports most of all.
But, argues George Washington University Professor of Anthropology Jeffrey P. Blomster, the ballgame is associated with the rise of complex societies, so understanding its origins also illuminates the evolution of socio-politically complex societies.
Blomster's latest research explores the importance of the ballgame to ancient Mesoamerican societies - and the discovery of a ballplayer figurine in the Mixteca Alta region of Oaxaca demonstrates the early participation of the region in the iconography and ideology of the game. He spent 20 years researching the origin of complex societies in Mesoamerica and the participation of early Mixtec societies in ballgame imagery is a new aspect.
While early games used a hard rubber ball, the ballgames Blomster researches have little resemblance with today's Major League Baseball. The games and the costumes or uniforms participants wore were tied to themes of life and death, mortals and underworld deities or symbolizing the sun and the moon. In some instances, the ballcourt itself represented a portal to the underworld. To social psychologists, this would explain why athletes sometimes yell, "You go to hell!" at each other, and they won't even have to survey a bunch of undergraduates.
During the Early Horizon period, or roughly between 1700 and 1400 B.C., there was little evidence of ballgame activity in the way of artifacts in the Oaxaca region of Mexico. Blomster's findings of a clay figurine garbed in distinctive ballgame costume, similar to both Olmec figurines and monumental sculptures from the Gulf Coast, indicate sports games did take place in the area.
Image of the ballplayer figurine found at Etlatongo; note the thick belt or yoke around the waist and the hanging pectoral, probably an iron-ore mirror. Credit: Prof. Jeffrey P. Blomster
"Exploring the origins and spread of the ballgame is central to understanding the development of the Mesoamerican civilization," he said. "We know there were earlier versions of a ballgame prior to the Early Horizon with both a ballcourt and rubber balls found in coastal Chiapas and the Gulf Coast, but the institutionalized version of the ballgame, a hallmark of Mesoamerican civilizations, developed during the Early Horizon. While there has been some limited evidence about the participation of the nearby Valley of Oaxaca in the ballgame, the Mixteca has largely been written off in terms of involvement in the origins of complex society in ancient Mexico. This discovery reemphasizes how the ancient Mixtecs were active participants in larger Mesoamerican phenomenon."
For the Proceedings in the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) publication, Dr. Blomster worked with undergraduate students Izack Nacheman and Joseph DiVirgilio to create artistic renditions of the figurine artifacts found in Mexico.
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- "Minor correction: I am, in fact, a scientist with 27 years of biomedical research in my pocket..."
- "These two posts highlight further the deplorable state of science reporting in the mainstream media...."
- "So he should have given credit to Merck then - they are the ones who take it out of the realm of..."
- "I thankyou for providing me and my friends with good chuckles. What you mean by tested is not what..."
- "Not among millions, just hundreds. Can anyone provide evidence for Roberts first sentence. The..."
- Counter-Point: Activists Operate By Outrage, Not Fear
- Whole Foods Recalls Organic Roquefort Cheeses After Listeria Found
- Suicide Tries Linked to Weight-Loss Surgery? Study Doesn’t Show
- Following Rules, Refreezing Thawed Meat is Safe
- Even With Sex, Practice Does Make Perfect
- African Ebola Epidemic Shows Signs of Winding Down
- 'Blind analysis' could reduce bias in social sciences papers
- Adoption of streamlined breast cancer treatment has stagnated, study finds
- Single atom alloy platinum-copper catalysts cut costs, boost green technology
- Scientists pave way for diamonds to trace early cancers
- Long-term contraception in a single shot