<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /> With puskher lake dried up due to human settlement activities, pollution and destruction of vegetation urgent action is required to restore the old glory of the world famous Pushkar.
<?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />Ajmer city is centrally located in the state is important city from historical, religious educational, administrative and tourist point of view. Ajmer city mainly situated on Jaipur- Beawar road and important junction of meter and broad gauge railway line. In the south of city, Bhilwara city is situated. There are big industries of dyeing and printings. In the north of Ajmer city Kishangarh town is situated which is important place being marble industries. In the east of city Beawer is situated which is important commercial center and cement industry is located in the town . The Ajmer city being situated in the middle, commercial activities are increasing here but there is scarcity of open land and community facilities in the city. Encroachment is being place on roads, systematic public transportation is lacking, problem of sewerage system is acute, and beside these there are geographical limitations of city. Valleys are situated in west, north and east of the city, which restrict the planned development of the city. The old city is densely populated and is having vary narrow street and road and many markets are constructed on nallahas. The slum areas are developing by encroachment around the steep slope of the valley in the city.
Analysis of different themes and their integrated appraisal have shown that Ajmer city is being major problem enlisted as improper drainage system, inadequate sewage treatment plant, flooding, over populated residential areas, narrow and inadequate road network, less city plantation and others which are discussed in this chapter along with suggested action plan to be taken up for betterment of the city.
8. 2 Landuse /lancover action Plan
8.2.1 Action Plan for Ana Sagar lake :
Ana Sagar lake, situated in north-east of the city near populated area across a main tributary of Luni river, is very important and surrounding valley of the lake provide catchment area along with natural beauty to the lake. For the development of the Ana Sagar lake area sites were suggested for recreational, educational and residential and for green belt depending on land use/ cover from satellite data and available open/ vacant lands on it. and it shown is shown in fig…………. Recreational sites are proposed near Vishram sthali. Green belt / garden are proposed near Ram Nagar area in front of regional collage and near Vrindavan hotel and new sites for residential area are proposed near around Kotra village and vaishali Nagar.
8.2.2 Action Plan for Water supply and storage Tank
Earlier, water supply to the Ajmer city was through the Banas drinking water scheme and supply from Foy Sagar, Ganhera and Bhanwata. The total water supply was 30 MLD (Average 70 lake gallon) and it was supplied at the rate of 60 liter per person every day. The water supply to the city was 48 hrs. to 96 hrs. Now, water supply from Banas is stopped completely and main source of water supply to city is through Bisalpur scheme, Foy Sagar lake, tube well and hand pumps. Water supply to areas under railways, are done through Budha Pushkar. Now there is 130 liter per person every day water supply, and in 70 % area every day water supply and 30% area having after 48 hrs.in the city. In the city 56,156 residential and 719 public use connections are available and about 630 lakh liter drinking water every day is supplied. To supply the drinking water in the city from Bisalpur dam about 360 km main and distributing lines are laid dawn. There is shut dawn on every Thursday at Bisalpur zone for maintenance which affects the water supply in the city for two to three days and whenever there is cut in electricity and there is leakage of pipe line due to increase in pressure the water supply is stopped. The water stored at the Water tank no. 7 at Nasirabad road is sufficient only to supply the city for one or two days but due to maintenance or leakage of the pipe line the water supply is stopped and it can not be regulated properly even after 3-4 days and there is crisis of water in the city. Such incidence are very common and even it happens twice or thrice in a month. To maintain the regular supply alternate storage area is suggested near water tank for further development and storage of water as shown in fig . Site for storage tank was suggested on the basis of drainage, slope and landuse/ landcover pattern. The site suggested for storage of water is near existing tank which is economical for storage, treatment of water and supply to the city.
8.2.3 Action Plan for Water Treatment Plant Sites
Ajmer city is not having proper sewerage system. In oid city area and near Durgah area about 6.15 km long sewerage line of 150 mm to 800 mm diameter is laid dawn. The sewage is discharged in the city mainly through open drainage system in the nallaha. Wastewater is discharged in the Anasagar lake and Pal Bisla tank from the surrounding localities. Rest of the waste is drained through the nallaha near Ajanta cinema to Nasirabad road. In the city systematic planning for proper drainage system is required and it is proposed to construct the two-treatment plant one near Pal Bisla and other near Dumara village as shown in Fig. . The sites are suggested on the basis of drainage network. Water bodies location, existing drain system and from existing land use/ cover through satellite data.
6.2.4 Action Plan for Flood control
Drainage condition in the city and its surroundings is quite unsatisfactory water accumulates in low lying areas localities like Pal Bisla, Nagra, Bhajan Ganj, Behari Ganj, etc. even after very low rainfall. Ajmer is surrounded by hills and steep hills area situated around Durgah, Naya Bajar, Nala bajar, Madar gate area that get flooded even after very low rainfall in the city.
The slums in the areas can be shifted in the place at higher elevation in phased manner or developed with proper drainage system. The study of the slope map with contour profile not only gives a view of the cause of flooding but also location where these slums can be shifted.
Construction of series of anicuts at 1st and 2nd order of drain is suggested to divert the runoff through new drainage system divert the access water towards the south along the foot hill of Taragarh so that water may not enter the city areas like kaser ganj, Diggi Bajar, Dargah Bajar and Nala Bajar.
Existing anicuts, proposed anicuts and New drain system proposed to control the flooding and accumulation of water in the low lying colonies are suggested and shown in Fig