REALITY AND RELATIVITY
Before we begin, let's put one thing on the record. Albert was not wrong; it's just that we have a much more detailed, precise understanding of what he was saying. Over the past century relativity has been used to investigate ‘space-time’. Space-time has been assumed to be a mathematical relation between actual space and time. With the SFT formulation the observed ‘space’ and 'time' can be seen to include the internal motions of the photon where its motion can be written as a bispinor.
where and are orbital and cyclotron angular velocities, and ro and rc are orbital and cyclotron radii. The orbital rotation is an external motion while the cyclotron rotation is internal as shown in Figure 1 below.
Figure 1: The photon moving along a giant cosmic circle where the internal motion adds to the total distance, proportional to the observed phase.
In external space and time, outside of the eye, space and time are unchanged by the observer's speed relative to that of light. What is changed is the picture that reaches the eyes, or our measuring devices such as a plane's clock and distance metres. We must transform between observed space-time and reality. Be aware what we are saying here: Einstein was not wrong, but we do have a more intuitive way to understand space-time and how our own motion is relative to actual time.
Note if the photon moves along large cosmic circles it will be lossless which is why quantum theory and general relativity insist on a photon without mass. In quantum field theory the photon has no mass only energy, which gives it no structure except for the Dirac delta function, the singularity at a point.
The concept of space and time then has to be understood from the perspective of the internal and external motions associated with the photon. Similarly dilations of length and time are associated with how fast a particle moves relative to the orbital motion of the photon. In other words the reality of photons as they hit our eyes changes with the speed we are moving at. What we see is the total changes of phase of the light due to both its internal and external motion just like Mercury and its relativistic motion.
In summary space-time is what appears to exist to our eyes, but in reality space is space and time is time, even if our senses tell us otherwise. Nevertheless Einstein’s discovery in 1916 was a magnificent outcome allowing us to explore the Universe before our eyes. But we must learn to be careful with the results of relativity and to interpret its true meaning in reality.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines the scientific method as: "a method or procedure that has characterized natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.", in brief observation is validated by theory. In this case we must realize how our eyes are being used at speeds approaching the speed of light. In this case the phase distance seen by the eye includes a significant proportion of the internal motion of the photon and hence we need to be aware this phase distance forms an illusion on the retina of the eye.