Applied Physics

MIT engineers have created ultrathin films made of polymers that could be applied to medical devices and other surfaces to control microbe accumulation. The inexpensive, easy-to-produce films could provide a valuable layer of protection for the health care industry by helping to reduce the spread of hospital-acquired infections, which take the lives of 100,000 people and cost the United States an estimated $4.5 billion annually.

The researchers found they could control the extent of bacterial adhesion to surfaces by manipulating the mechanical stiffness of polymer films called polyelectrolyte multilayers. Thus, the films could be designed to prevent accumulation of hazardous bacteria or promote growth of desirable bacteria.

“All other factors being equal, mechanical stiffness of material surfaces increases bacterial adhesion,” said Krystyn Van Vliet, the Thomas Lord Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering.

MOSCOW, May 15 /PRNewswire/ --

Mechel OAO (NYSE: MTL), one of the leading Russian mining and metals companies, announces a new appointment to the management at its Southern Kuzbass OAO coal mining subsidiary.

Victor Skulditskiy (50), who previously held the position of Director of Coal Concentration and Processing Division, was appointed Managing Director of Southern Kuzbass OAO. Mr. Skulditskiy succeeded Sergei Popov, who was Acting Managing Director and now becomes the First Deputy Managing Director - Director for Operations.

Six Sigma is a business strategy designed to use smarter data and methodology to reduce defects - six standard deviations between the mean and the nearest specification limit. Statistically it is 3.4 defects per million.

Could this business practice be used to help turn companies green by reducing their energy use?

According to mechanical engineer Prabhakar Kaushik of NC College of Engineering in Haryana, India, and colleagues, energy conservation should be at the forefront of company efforts. In a global economy with environmental pressures high on the agenda, organizations are under increasing pressure to control costs, maintain high levels of safety and quality, and save energy. Energy conservation, of course, offers the parallel advantages of helping to reduce costs, improving efficiency, as well as reducing the carbon footprint.

VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP, Michigan, May 14 /PRNewswire/ --

The board of directors of Visteon Corporation (NYSE: VC) today elected Donald J. Stebbins as president and chief executive officer, effective June 1, 2008. Stebbins, who was president and chief operating officer, succeeds Michael F. Johnston in the CEO role. Johnston will continue as executive chairman of the global automotive supplier.

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SAN FRANCISCO, May 14 /PRNewswire/ --

Strategic-creative consultancy frog design today announced plans to enhance its presence in Europe with the opening of a new studio in Amsterdam in September. Executive Creative Director Europe Cees van Dok will head up the new studio while continuing to oversee the Digital Media Design, Product Design and Technology teams in frog's additional European locations in Stuttgart and Milan.

MILPITAS, California, May 13 /PRNewswire/ --

California Micro Devices (Nasdaq: CAMD) announced that the Company has developed an innovative display controller architecture that serves both the Mobile Display Digital Interface (MDDI) and Mobile Industry Processor Interface (MIPI) standards for high speed serial display interfaces for use in today's most advanced mobile handsets. The unique architecture, developed in collaboration with major handset and device manufacturers, will permit advanced handsets that utilize CPUs and application processors with on-chip MDDI compatible hosts to interface with liquid crystal display (LCD) modules that feature either MDDI or MIPI based clients.

ATLANTA, Georgia, May 13 /PRNewswire/ -- Infor today announced that Jean Philippe Pommel has been promoted to Vice President of Infor's Channels and Alliances operations in EMEA. Formerly, in his position as Global Account Manager, Pommel was responsible for developing Infor's new business. In his new role, Pommel will assume revenue and management responsibility for Infor's Channel and Alliances program in EMEA, and further leverage the company's substantial footprint across the region. He will report directly into Keith Deane, President EMEA at Infor. Pommel holds an engineering degree in computer and electronic sciences from the National Institute of Sciences of Lyons, France.

ARNHEM, The Netherlands, May 13 /PRNewswire/ -- ARCADIS (EURONEXT: ARCAD), the international consultancy, design and engineering company, today announced that the Company's Annual General Meeting of Shareholders on May 7, 2008 has appointed Mr. Maarten Schönfeld to the Company's Supervisory Board, replacing Mr. Thomas Cohn, who was not available for reappointment. The meeting also reappointed Mr. Jan Peelen to the board.

HONG KONG, May 13 /PRNewswire/ --

OAK PARK, Michigan, May 12 /PRNewswire/ -- Azure Dynamics Corporation (TSX: AZD, LSE: ADC & OTCQX: AZDDF) - ("Azure" or the "Company"), a leading developer of hybrid electric and electric powertrains for commercial vehicles today reported its first quarter financial results for the period ending March 31, 2008. The Company also provided an update on corporate and product development activities.