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    Superfluids, BECs And Bosenovas: The Ultimate Experiment
    By Alan Gillis | July 2nd 2008 10:53 PM | 25 comments | Print | E-mail | Track Comments

    In a familiar world of solids, liquids and gases, we find the fourth state of matter, the plasmas of lightning to the aurora borealis and fluorescent tubes at the office. Further out, minor phenomena becomes the big event in space, our shining stars are plasma being fused producing light. Not until 1924 was a fifth state of matter considered possible. Intrigued by quantum statistics, invented by the Bengali physicist, Satyendra Nath Bose from observations of light, Einstein applied Bose’s work to matter. The Bose-Einstein Condensate(BEC) was born. Was there any truth to the theory, Einstein himself wondered, that matter that could condense at ultracold temperatures into something new?

    Einstein’s theory was left hanging, as a mathematical artifact, until 1938. Fritz London, a German theoretical chemist and physicist, working on helium at the same time as the Russian Pyotr Kapitsa who discovered its superfluid state at just under 2.2 K, found it behaved like Einstein’s theoretical BEC. Subsequent research confirmed London’s insight. Both stable isotopes, ordinary helium-4, and the rare helium-3 at much lower temperatures, are quantum superfluids, behaving like matter-waves or superatoms, undifferentiated matter with vastly different properties from their gas state or their ordinary bottled fluid state. Now scientists had a way of studying laboratory tabletop quantum physics. These, the only two superfluids known with zero viscosity, have sparked intense interest, helium-4 a bosonic superfluid and helium-3, a fermionic superfluid. Bosons are force carriers like photons of light and fermions are the matter we can touch. A gateway opened which eventually led to the laboratory production of other BECs when finally ultracold states could be induced, starting in 1995.

    Viewing superfluid helium in action, demonstrates the baffling counter-intuitive nature of quantum fluids and other BECs. Some of the stunning properties of superfluid helium were observed if not understood back in 1908 when the Dutch physicist, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, cooled helium-4 to -269 Celsius. Not only was there no resistance to flow, the superfluid could climb the walls of the vessel, like a film, always 30 nanometers thick, defying gravity, or pour through the smallest hole or fissure, or leak through some apparently non-porous matter.

    Further studies showed that this superfluid, now called Helium II, behaved as a two-fluid model, partly in a low energy ground state, and partly in an excited state. With a little added heat and manipulation of the superfluid, an interaction of the two states was enhanced, producing a fountain effect, as though 2 fluids existed.

    In our own Sun and countless other stars, hydrogen fusion produces helium, the second most abundant element, and is in turn eventually fused by steps into carbon-12. On Earth there isn’t much, a trace atmospheric gas but found in quantity up to 7 percent in some natural gas. It’s produced by nuclear decay, as from radium and polonium, dangerous alpha radiation releasing, in fact bare nuclei of helium that eventually pick up electrons and form stable helium isotopes.

    Given an electric charge, helium can fluoresce like neon. Even rarer molecules of helium-3 have been produced in helium-4 during ionization. Superfluid helium is also a superconductor, 30 times more efficient than copper as well as a thermal conductor 300 times that of copper. And both helium-3 and helium-4 have been cooled to near absolute zero, helium-4 retaining its superfluidity, helium-3 crystallizing, yet still capable of movement like other BECs. Adding enormous pressure of 25 atmospheres and more, forces even helium-4 to act like other BEC ‘solids’.

    If superfluid helium can tell us a lot about other ultracold BECs now being studied and produced by over 200 research teams worldwide, then BECs that also appear to be superfluids and have two coexisting states like the two fluid state of superfluids, could show us how superfluids behave. It’s more than satisfying the curiosity of pure research. BECs have been turned into atom lasers and BECs have produced bosenovas, an inexplicable phenomenon where BECs explode, releasing more than the energy present in the system and where about half of the BEC sample literally vanishes without a trace. Fascinating and worrisome in any lab working with small amounts of BECs, but superfluid Helium II BEC is being used in great quantities as a coolant in certain nuclear reactors and particle accelerators.

    The possibilities of a giant BEC bosenova produced in superfluid Helium II haven’t been investigated. The matter is urgent as 120 T of superfluid Helium II are being used at the Large Hadron Collider at Geneva, whose energies far surpass any other collider’s, not only beam energies, but RF applied, extreme Tesla Fields by superconducting magnets, and electrical energies equivalent to the consumption of Geneva, powering the 27 km ring system. Startup of the LHC at 5 TeV per proton beam has been delayed to this September but for other technical reasons.

    The problem too, is that BECs are new and strange. It wasn’t until 1995 that an ultracold BEC was produced by new methods of supercooling, in this case applied to a gas of Rubidium-87 to bring it near absolute zero. For physics it was a sudden explosion in the quantum world. A new field of study, Condensed Matter Physics, a new state of matter positively confirmed, but far from understood. Matter acting as one giant atom with the properties of a superfluid. Shared Nobel Prizes awarded in 2001went to the team leaders at JILA, the joint NIST project with CU-Boulder, Carl E. Weiman and Eric A. Cornell. A third share in the Nobel for a sodium-25 BEC developed independently went to Wolfgang Ketterle now at MIT. Research at MIT is on a massive scale with several big BEC labs, working in part on BEC atom lasers. Don’t worry, Ketterle has said, atom lasers only work in a vacuum and would only travel a meter without one. Nevertheless matter-wave lasers are bound to be improved. There’s always military interest and funding.

    What astonished some physicists was another BEC event in 2001, well beyond anything anticipated. The BEC discovery team at JILA produced a new rubidium-85 BEC. While an electromagnetic field was applied to cause a stronger attraction among the BEC atoms, the BEC started to shrink and then exploded like a supernova. The result was a release of particles in various streams, leaving behind a much smaller BEC remnant. The thermal energy released was greater than the energy in the BEC and about half of all the thousands of atoms of the rubidium-85 disappeared. The effect was at first nicknamed the bosenova, and still a total puzzle to this day. After 7 years of study, the latest research on whatever goes on in a bosenova, now referred to as a BEC loss, needs a “new microscopic BEC physics” to explain it, says N.R. Claussen et al of a joint BEC team at the U of Colorado at Boulder, in a paper published in February this year. A second team at UC-Boulder led by Elizabeth A. Donley published the following month, also could not account for the bosenova phenomenon nor the apparent loss of atoms.

    Though the bosenova effect is staggering in its repercussions for the Standard Model, none of the more than 200 teams experimenting with BECs appear interested. The only study groups working seriously on bosenovas are those at JILA. Other research teams are looking for new BECs and a few are looking for applications of BECs to create things like better atomic clocks, interferometers or even studying light by teasing BECs with lasers to slow light down or stop it! In the future, quantum computing might use BECs and lasers. BECs could be big business.

    What happens next at the LHC will be the next big experiment in a superfluid Helium II BEC. It’s not part of the design parameters, as physicists assume that the helium will be stable based on its use in the much smaller, much less powerful, up to 250 GeV per beam, RHIC collider in Long Island, NY. CERN’s interests lie in producing the Higgs boson at the LHC, perhaps micro black holes and quark-gluon plasma. Even in the much awaited CERN safety study released last month, there’s absolutely nothing on a possible bosenova implosion/explosion. Of course to test the safety of the enormous LHC to handle foreseen and unforeseen events you’d need another disposable one. But at least it is possible to subject Helium II to some of these high energies and hadron beams as a test. Not at the low energies of the RHIC, but at Fermilab’s Tevatron, currently the most energetic collider with 0.9 TeV per beam, though still far short of the power of the monster LHC at ordinary operating conditions of 7 TeV and ultimately 1,150 TeV collisions of lead ions at nearly twice light speed. Helium II could simply be used as a target by Tevatron beams to see what would happen, besides being exposed to high and fluctuating Tesla fields, ionized by electrical currents, subjected to some of the extreme conditions anticipated at the LHC. 

    The LSAG safety review at CERN, even their new report, is still a 4/5 majority internal assessment, and with an independent SPC Report/review of that review that’s still a CERN committee of 5 physicists, though the mainstream media is content with the CERN press releases, ‘No Danger That The LHC Will Destroy The Earth’, about everywhere. Though now black holes are now unlikely, but previously predicted to occur rapidly by CERN in the ‘LHC black hole factory’, but initially ignored, until a physicist wrote about the possibility in a letter to Scientific American that sparked the initial 2003 CERN safety assessment. There’s hard science and there’s French farce. Which one are we getting? Pushing the LHC big button as a test is a risky way to go. CERN has always insisted that small amounts of hadrons can’t do very much, but there’s an enormous amount of energy in the LHC and 120 T of BEC superfluid. There’s still a suit in the Hawaii courts to delay LHC startup because of safety concerns like black hole and strangelet production. Lately and since I first considered the possible dangers of superfluid helium in my article of March 7, 2008, ‘The Almost Thermonuclear LHC’, the plaintiffs, Dr Walter Wagner and Luis Sancho have announced they will seek an addendum to their suit to include bosenova risks at the LHC.

    Seven years after the rubidium-85 BEC produced the first bosenova, we still don’t know what happened to half of the Rubidium-85 atoms that disappeared.  


    Baum, Michael.  From Supernova to Smoke Ring: Recent Experiments Underscore Weirdness of the Bose-Einstein Condensate, NIST 2001


    Boyle, Alan.  Doomsday Under Debate, Cosmic Log, MSNBC 2008 

    Braun-Munzinger, Peter, et al. SPC Report On LSAG Documents, CERN SPC 2008


    Claussen, N.R. et al.  Microscopic Dynamics in a Strongly Interacting Bose-Einstein Condensate, JILA 2008 

    Donley, Elizabeth A. et al.  Dynamics of collapsing and exploding Bose-Einstein condensates, JILA 2008


    Ellis, John, et al.  Review of the Safety of LHC Collisions, CERN LSAG 2008 

    Gillis, Alan.  The Almost Thermonuclear LHC, The Science of Conundrums, 2008


    Ketterle, Wolfgang.  Ch 9, Bose-Einstein Condensation: Identity Crisis for Indistinguishable Particles, in “Quantum Mechanics at the Crossroads”, Springer Berlin, 2006 

    Schewe, Phil et al.  Supersolid, Quantum Crystal, A Bose-Einstein Condensate in Solid, Physics News Update, The AIP Bulletin of Physics News, 2004


    Comments

    CERN judging their own LHC is safe is like a drunk deciding he's all right to drive... with 6,700,000,000 passengers.
    Who cares about a Higgs Boson particle or some quark gluon goop except a handful of frustrated geeks who have run out of ideas and have to experiment with forces they don't even understand. These freaking physicists waste money and energy time and time again building atom smasher after atom smasher and end up with more questions, not answers. Now they've built one so powerful they say themselves it will create mini black holes at the rate of one per second! Which would change your life more; knowing they found some particle or getting crushed and sucked into a black hole along with everyone and every thing you ever cared about?
    That sound like a good risk vs. benefit to you?!? Just because you can't wrap your mind around it does not mean it can't happen.
    See for yourself;
    http://www.risk-evaluation-forum.org/anon1.htm
    http://www.LHCDefense.org/
    http://www.LHCFacts.org
    http://www.SaneScience.org/
    Popular Mechanics - "World's Biggest Science Project Aims to Unlock 'God Particle'" - http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/extreme_machines/4216588.html"

    The 'bosenova' phenomenon has been reproduced many times with specific types of BEC. But helium is not rubidium. Have you thought to check whether 'bosenova' has ever occurred in helium BEC?

    Have you even asked Claussen or Donley whether they consider it at all plausible that 'bosenova' occurs in superfluid helium? The papers by them you link to (which you label '2008') were actually written in 2001-2002, perhaps they are now way out of date and there is some better understanding of why bosenova events happen.

    It is curious that you are able to get the dates of the two crucial papers so completely wrong...

    Alan Gillis

    Although there are over 200 labs working on BECs and ultracold physics, the only published material comes from UCBoulder, on this rubidium-85 Bosenova. Perhaps other labs have data on other Bosenovas they have produced, but not as yet analyzed. You would think there would be great interest in this new field. Since the Bosenova is inexplicable with current physics, other researches though, might be giving it a wide berth.

    Asking busy physicists to comment on questions, that would require a lot of time to answer, isn't polite or practical. Though an article like this one might reach some researchers already working on the subject, who hopefully would comment here.

    As to the wrong dates on Donley et al and Claussen et al, read the actual internally dated first page of each paper, not the arXiv dates. If they're old papers as you say, then these must be, without a doubt, 2008 updates.

    I left the following related comment at Alan's article Suit Alleges CERN in Violation of Human Rights, which addresses possible BEC (Bose-Einstein Condensate) safety issues.

    University of Stuttgart scientists are creating bosenova implosion/explosions with chromium-52. [1]

    Bosenova implosions occur when a large number of atoms condense to a point of extreme density, thousands or millions of atoms condensed to the size of a single atom, theoretically capable of creating a micro black hole (yes, a real micro black hole, a microscopic version of a large dieing star collapsing to a black hole then exploding as a Supernova).

    No one knows if these experiments have actually created any micro black holes, but when half of the atoms disappear you have to wonder if this indicates stable micro black hole creation.

    A fascinating article including input from scientists who won Nobel prizes for research in this area in the article Collider Incidents.[2]

    This research is a mirror image of the CERN Safety controversy, including speculations of potential danger and denials of the same, and even apparent misinformation, though it could also just be differences of scientific opinion. Absolutely Fascinating.

    James Tankersley Jr.
    Middleton WI
    (JTankers)

    [1] http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/35556
    Cold atoms explode like cloverleafs (August 27, 2008)

    [2] http://www.lhcfacts.org/?cat=19 Collider Incidents (May 24, 2008)

    Man's technology has exceeded his grasp. - 'The World is not Enough'
    Zealous Nobel Prize hungry Physicists are racing each other and stopping at nothing to try to find the supposed 'Higgs Boson'(aka God) Particle, among others, and are risking nothing less than the annihilation of the Earth and all Life in endless experiments hoping to prove a theory when urgent tangible problems face the planet. The European Organization for Nuclear Research(CERN) new Large Hadron Collider(LHC) is the world's most powerful atom smasher that will soon be firing subatomic particles at each other at nearly the speed of light to create Miniature Big Bangs producing Micro Black Holes, Strangelets and other potentially cataclysmic phenomena.
    Particle physicists have run out of ideas and are at a dead end forcing them to take reckless chances with more and more powerful and costly machines to create new and never-seen-before, unstable and unknown matter while Astrophysicists, on the other hand, are advancing science and knowledge on a daily basis making new discoveries in these same areas by observing the universe, not experimenting with it and with your life.
    The LHC is a dangerous gamble as CERN physicist Alvaro De Rújula in the BBC LHC documentary, 'The Six Billion Dollar Experiment', incredibly admits quote, "Will we find the Higgs particle at the LHC? That, of course, is the question. And the answer is, science is what we do when we don't know what we're doing." And CERN spokesmodel Brian Cox follows with this stunning quote, "the LHC is certainly, by far, the biggest jump into the unknown."
    The CERN-LHC website Mainpage itself states: "There are many theories as to what will result from these collisions,..." Again, this is because they truly don't know what's going to happen. They are experimenting with forces they don't understand to obtain results they can't comprehend. If you think like most people do that 'They must know what they're doing' you could not be more wrong. Some people think similarly about medical Dr.s but consider this by way of comparison and example from JAMA: "A recent Institute of Medicine report quoted rates estimating that medical errors kill between 44,000 and 98,000 people a year in US hospitals." The second part of the CERN quote reads "...but what's for sure is that a brave new world of physics will emerge from the new accelerator,..." A molecularly changed or Black Hole consumed Lifeless World? The end of the quote reads "...as knowledge in particle physics goes on to describe the workings of the Universe." These experiments to date have so far produced infinitely more questions than answers but there isn't a particle physicist alive who wouldn't gladly trade his life to glimpse the "God particle", and sacrifice the rest of us with him. Reason and common sense will tell you that the risks far outweigh any potential(as CERN physicists themselves say) benefits.
    This quote from National Geographic exactly sums this "science" up: "That's the essence of experimental particle physics: You smash stuff together and see what other stuff comes out."
    Find out more about that "stuff" below;
    http://www.SaneScience.org/
    http://www.LHCFacts.org
    http://www.risk-evaluation-forum.org/anon1.htm
    http://www.lhcdefense.org/
    http://www.lhcconcerns.com
    Popular Mechanics - "World's Biggest Science Project Aims to Unlock 'God Particle'" - http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/extreme_machines/4216588.html"

    It could be worse. Consider Newton's notion that the speed of gravity is infinite. Alter that to just a very large number. From the electromagnetic/gravitational couple, it comes out at h = c^2 / b^2 where b is the speed of gravity.

    Now let's say that all particles are becs. They have to hide a tremendous amount of gravitic energy inside the scwartzchild radius. (otehrwise we'd see it) When two compton wavelenght photons hit each other they can create an electron positron pair. That can only happen when their two grav cores hit smack on, most times they miss each other by "miles."

    The gravitational hidden mass of an electron would be over a tonne. The core will be smaller than h.

    Gold atoms smacking into each other can have all the cores missing each other but if one hits we get about 2E-19 kgs going off in a tiny volume. The bec particle doesn't create a black hole, its energy profile is w shaped. It would still go off with a horrible bang though.

    Bosenova Explosions

    Can these statements be true?

    1. Every atom is a BEC condensate.
    2. Electrons spinning around the nucleus provide the necessary magnetic field for the nucleus to be in a condensed state.

    This claim has been thoroughly debunked by a couple scientists at CERN.

    Helium simply cannot collapse, as explained by the above authors. I have blogged on the topic, possibly explaining the situation in simpler terms than the CERN authors. The Claussen and Donley papers are indeed from 2001 and 2002 as you can most trivially check by clicking on your own links, looking at the date written in the sidebar (the date below the names is generated by latex, and corresponds to the date the paper was last generated to pdf from the latex source). And, the phenomena is now fully understood. The atoms never "disappeared" but formed molecules (which were undetectable by the experimental apparatus), and were also ejected from the trap by some fairly complex dynamics in the collapse.

    Shame on you Alan for not even doing the simplest level of fact-checking, and for promulgating fear with your wild and incorrect speculation. You are actively harming the public understanding of science and a major scientific program.

    Asking busy physicists to comment on questions, that would require a lot of time to answer, isn't polite or practical.

    It is your duty to check your facts, and our duty as scientists to review the ideas of others. If you disagree, please remove the word "journalist" from your profile, and close this blog on "Scientific Blogging", a title which give you more credibility than you actually deserve.

    Well, I think the 'busy physicists' would be most willing to give a concise answer, if it meant the difference between correct reporting and uninformed scaremongering. It is borderline dishonest to blame the 'business' of physicists for a writer's unwillingness to check that what he is writing is at all accurate.

    As to the dating of papers, anyone who uses the arXiv should know that the pdf files are generated from the source text as required. So although the latest generated versions of the pdf file may be from 2008, the papers were written and published in 2001-2. Try reading about the \date command in LaTeX.

    Besides, there are many more recent papers that show the 'bosenova' has a perfectly good theoretical explanation... try
    Saito & Ueda Phys Rev A65 (2002)
    Santos and Shlyapnikov, Phys Rev A66 (2002)
    Savage, Robins and Hope Phys Rev A67 (2003)
    Milstein, Menotti and Holland New J. Phys. 5 (2003)

    eg. abstract from the last paper:
    "Abstract. We investigate the quantum state of burst atoms seen in the recent Rb-85 experiments at JILA. We show that the presence of a resonance scattering state can lead to a pairing instability generating an outflow of atoms with energy comparable to that observed. A resonance effective field theory is used to study this dynamical process in an inhomogeneous system with spherical symmetry."

    Duine & Stoof:
    "We show that elastic collisions between atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions can lead to an explosion that ejects a large fraction of the collapsing condensate. We study variationally the dynamics of this explosion and find excellent agreement with recent experiments on magnetically trapped 85Rb. We also determine the energy and angular distribution of the ejected atoms during the collapse."

    To say that the 'bosenova' remains totally unexplained is simply untrue.

    Read http://arxiv.org/abs/0809.4004 and hang your head in shame.

    Xenon gas initiates combustion by ultra fast xray-lasers-reg
    A pulsed beam of soft X-rays at cold (20 K) clusters of 1000 or more xenon atoms, the clusters explode. They arecompletely destroyed, and researchers can detect xenon ionsthat have lost anywhere from two to eight electrons. Becausexenon is a noble gas, the ease with which the X-ray pulsesdislodge electrons was completely unexpected, and, initially,inexplicable. However, Greene and his colleagues figuredout what was happening: The first wave of photons knocksout one or two electrons from xenon atoms in the cluster.Then, those free electrons continue to absorb energy from thelaser’s electric field. When there are enough high-energy freeelectrons in the cluster, they begin to recollide with xenonions, knocking more electrons out of their outer shells.Eventually, some of the electrons get so hot and energetic,they leave the clusters, and the clusters explode and the combustion emits energy that could be use as combustion engines.
    “quantum mechanical tunneling” and “forbidden” states (Aquarious magnetic field separations) in which themolecule appears to be in two different configurations at the same time. The method is important because quantum mechanical calculations have not yet evolved to the pointwhere they can predict the energy levels of molecules withfive or more particles.To understand chemical reactions, the Nesbitt group isdevising experiments that make chemical bonds easier to chemical bonds easier tobreak, use polarized light to precisely align reactants, orhold one reactant, such as water, in place to see how this affects collision dynamics.
    Photon absorption leads to the evaporation of weakly bound ligands from the cluster. The absorption spectra of the clusters can be measured by monitoring the generation of photofragments as a function of the laser wave length further along frequency dispersion as well as dampness dispersion of H dynamics (as observe on Uranus boundaryand corresponding reasonance.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar special officer on combusation nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT profesor ,combustion dept PROdept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Enigineering and technology ,Member American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Enginering college ,anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror
    Xenon gas initiate combustion by ultar fast xray-lasers-reg [Incident: 100705-000075
    • G. H. Miley, et al., Questions and Answers on Energy Alternatives, 4, Secs. 3 & 4, Am. Nuclear Society, (1981).
    • Encyclopedia Brittannica, chapter "Nuclear Engineering-History and Objectives," (1985).
    • Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, chapter "Nuclear Fusion," McGraw-Hill Book Company), (1984, 1986, 1993)
    (Fourteenth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc.,) 5.4 pp.94-159, (2000).
    • Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, chapter “Nuclear Power for the Future," (Thirteenth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc.,) 5, 76-93, (1993)
    (Fourteenth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc.,) 5.3 pp.77-94, (2000).
    • Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, chapter “Nuclear Power Plants,"
    (Thirteenth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc.,) 5, 18-75, (1993).
    (Fourteenth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc.,) 5.2 pp.18-77 , (2000).
    • Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia, chapter “Nuclear Energy,” (2002).
    • “On Alpha Heating in Toroidal Devices,” Fusion Technology, Pergamon Press, pp.133-139, (1979).
    • E. Greenspan and G. H. Miley, “Nuclear Fusion Research and the Electric Utilities,” Trends in Electric Utility Research, (eds. C. W. Bullard and P. J. Womeldorff) Pergamon Press, pp. 491-500, (1984).
    • G. H. Miley, et al., “Innovative Technology for an Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Porpulsion Unit,” Fusion Energy in Space Propulsion, ed. Terry Kammash, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Press, Washington, DC, pp.161-178, (1995).
    • “1995 Edward Teller Lecture: Patience and Optimism,” Edward Teller Medal Lectures, Imperial College Press, pp.179-196 (2005).

    While an electromagnetic field was applied to cause a stronger attraction among the BEC atoms, the BEC started to shrink and then exploded like a supernova. The result was a release of particles in various streams, leaving behind a much smaller BEC remnant. The thermal energy released was greater than the energy in the BEC and about half of all the thousands of atoms of the rubidium-85 disappeared. The effect was at first nicknamed the bosenova, and still a total puzzle to this day. After 7 years of study, the latest research on whatever goes on in a bosenova, now referred to as a BEC loss, needs a “new microscopic BEC physics” to explain it, says N.R. Claussen et al of a joint BEC team at the U of Colorado at Boulder, in a paper published in February this year. A second team at UC-Boulder led by Elizabeth A. Donley published the following month, also could not account for the bosenova phenomenon nor the apparent loss of atoms."
    "The possibilities of a giant BEC bosenova produced in superfluid Helium II haven’t been investigated. The matter is urgent as 120 T of superfluid Helium II are being used at the Large Hadron Collider at Geneva, whose energies far surpass any other collider’s, not only beam energies, but RF applied, extreme Tesla Fields by superconducting magnets, and electrical energies equivalent to the consumption of Geneva, powering the 27 km ring system Further experimentation by the JILA team in 2000 uncovered a hitherto unknown property of Bose–Einstein condensates. Cornell, Wieman, and their coworkers originally used rubidium-87, an isotope whose atoms naturally repel each other, making a more stable condensate. The JILA team instrumentation now had better control over the condensate so experimentation was made on naturally attracting atoms of another rubidium isotope, rubidium-85 (having negative atom-atom scattering length). Through a process called Feshbach resonance involving a sweep of the magnetic field causing spin flip collisions, the JILA researchers lowered the characteristic, discrete energies at which the rubidium atoms bond into molecules making their Rb-85 atoms repulsive and creating a stable condensate. The reversible flip from attraction to repulsion stems from quantum interference among condensate atoms which behave as waves.
    When the scientists raised the magnetic field strength still further, the condensate suddenly reverted back to attraction, imploded and shrank beyond detection, and then exploded, blowing off about two-thirds of its 10,000 or so atoms. About half of the atoms in the condensate seemed to have disappeared from the experiment altogether, not being seen either in the cold remnant or the expanding gas cloud. Carl Wieman explained that under current atomic theory this characteristic of Bose–Einstein condensate could not be explained because the energy state of an atom near absolute zero should not be enough to cause an implosion; however, subsequent mean-field theories have been proposed to explain it.
    Because supernova explosions are implosions, the explosion of a collapsing Bose–Einstein condensate was named "bosenova", a pun on the musical style bossa nova

    A Cross polarized oscillation in solar magnetic field calls for genetic catastrophe of air-water affined genes on the palm print of W.T.Stead as well as on Lord Kitchner-reg
    Very very important finding at last solving the enigmatic crossgraphics of palm print of W.T.Stead
    This matter is very very important as this will reveal an intersting cross polarised rsonance observed as a cross at the end of travel line as per the palm prinyt of W.T.Stead who was drowned into sea in Titanic who was born between JUn-July confirming a cross polarised oscillation of genes recorded as a cross along the plane of holgram ,the palm print.This could demonstarate a typical cross polarised oscillation of solar magnetic field along the air -water affined bosenova resonances
    With polarization oriented at 45o with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) pulse is split into two pulses with equal power in MF2 polarized along axes x and y,respectively, resulting in a four-pulse co-propagation configuration in MF2. The electric fieldof the four-pulse is,Es(t,z)=Esx(t,z)x+Esy(t,z)y, (1a)
    Eas(t,z)=Easx(t,z)x+Easy(t,z)y . (1b)For this short fiber, group velocity dispersion (GVD) is negligible [17]. Pulses polarizedalong axis x walk off from pulses polarized along axis y in MF2 due to PMD. By adjusting therelative delay of the anti-Stokes pulse with respect to the Stokes pulse in MF2, we canarrange to overlap either Esx(t,z)x with Easy(t,z)y or Esy(t,z)x with Easx(t,z)y. These delay configurations acted as genetic timer in case of W.T.Stead ,journalist of Review of Reviewers..
    At delay t1, overlap only occurs between Easx and Esy. In this case we launch the anti-Stokes pulse ahead of the Stokes pulse into MF2. Cross-polarized photon pairs in the state|x>|y> are generated by FWM at the middle frequency. This is similar to a collinear degenerate type-II PDC process
    (2) At delay t3, overlap only occurs between Easy and Esx, generating cross-polarized photon pairs in the state |x>|y> at the middle frequency through FWM. In this case, we launch the Stokes pulse ahead of the anti-Stokes pulse into MF2.(3) At a delay t2 between t1 and t3, both Stokes and anti-Stokes pulses enter MF2 at the same time. Before the PMD walk-off, FWM can occur in both parallel- and cross-polarization schemes. For FWM with parallel-polarized pump pulses, Easx overlaps with Esx to generate photon pairs in the polarization state |x>|x> along axis x, Easy overlaps with Esy to generate photon pairs in the polarization state |y>|y> along axis y. These two processes are coherent forming a superposed state.
    This only has occured in solar magnetic field resonance that initiated a holographic cross at the end of travel line from T cell ejections of W.T.Stead as well as that of Lord Kitchner former naval commander of England.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar along with Hon. Sir J.Pendry F.R.S of imperial college uk special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Engineering and technology ,Member American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Enginering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror
    1. C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography:
    A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
    2. M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza,
    A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space
    distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
    3. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten,W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin
    entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
    4. D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon
    pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
    5. S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of
    photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
    6. S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion
    and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
    7. P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled
    photons,” Phys. Rev. A60, R773 (1999).
    8. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in
    type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
    9. E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, R. W., Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to
    atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000-6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
    10. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble,
    “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,”
    Nature 423, 731 (2003).
    11. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon
    device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
    12. S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D., Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin,
    “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett.
    37, 26 (2001).
    13. S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at
    0.8 and 1.6 m,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
    14. F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarizationentangled
    photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
    15. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett.
    22, 961 (1997).
    16. M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum
    communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
    #7815 - $15.00 US Received 14 June 2005; revised 15 July 2005
    Ref:Generation of cross-polarized photon pairs in a
    microstructure fiber with frequency-conjugate
    laser pump pulses
    J. Fan and A. Migdall
    Optical Technology Division
    National Institute of Standards and Technology
    100 Bureau Drive, Mail Stop 8441, Gaithersburg. MD 20899-8441
    Jfan@nist.gov

    TAG# A Cross polarized oscillation in solar magnetic field calls for genetic catastrophe of air-water affined genes on the palm print of W.T.Stead-reg [Incident: 100802-000279 news@nature.com"
    Your call CNSHD789847 regarding Cross polarised genetic air-water affined catastrophe solved at last -reg has been received Outreach@stsci.edu
    #TAG# With polarization oriented at 45 degrees with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) may shifted for anti laser-reg [Incident: 100802-000314 news@nature.com"

    Solar magnetic field by its cross middle frequency cross polarized oscillation initiate Rogue waves in sea during June-July along surface plasmons polaritons.
    Abstract: We propose and experimentally demonstrate the generation of cross-polarized photon pairs via four-wave mixing with cross-polarized frequency-conjugate laser equivalent pulse of solar magnetic field pulses of frequency-conjugate laser dynamics at 45 degree grace angle This method can be used for astrogenetic applications and various quantum information applications such as the preparation of Bell states of Toa cross polarization integrated over stoke and antistoke split stages that lead the stoke by cos 45 degrees.
    Solar magnetic field ejecting surface plasmons that oscillate along middle frequency resonance oscillation seems to be an important investigation on super string wave theory of helium fluid calls of optic lattices of Equi potential for wz of rotating dynamics of ds squeezed for cross polariton resonance of Bosenova oscillation from air affine to water affined affine the sea water.
    It has been demonstrated that by injecting a laser beam into a single mode optical lattice (SMF) or a MF, correlated Stokes (ωs) and anti-Stokes (ωas) photon pairs at conjugate frequencies are generated via degenerate four-wave mixing process (FWM) at the phase matching condition, ωs+ωas=2ω0 [16-19]. In a reverse process, it was also shown that by recombining these pairs of parallel-polarized conjugate photons in a second layer, photon pairscan be generated at the middle frequency with good efficiency, ω0=ωs+ωas [20].It is known that in an ideal single mode fiber (SMF), a mode excited with its polarization. This effect has been used to generate polarization-entangled photon pairs by synchronizing two orthogonal but degenerate FWM processes in a dispersion-shifted fiber(DSF) [22, 23]. Two same wavelength laser pulses with polarizations perpendicular to eachother coupled into a DSF, each create a correlated photon pair in the polarization state ofHsHi> or |VsVi>. |H> and |V> are two orthogonally polarized photon states and “s” and “i”stand for signal (anti-Stokes) and idler (Stokes) photons at different wavelengths. |HsHi> and
    |VsVi> are interferometrically combined.
    We overlap a Stokes (Es(t,z)) laser pulse polarized along principal axis x with an anti-Stokes (Eas(t,z)) laser pulse polarized along principal axis y in a MF, generating correlated photon pairs by FWM at the iddle frequency  in the state of |x> |y> when phase matching condition is satisfied.(1) At delay t1, overlap only occurs between Easx and Esy. In this case we launch the anti-Stokes pulse ahead of the Stokes pulse into MF2. Cross-polarized photon pairs in the state|x>|y> are generated by FWM at the middle frequency. This is similar to a collineardegenerate type-II PDC process [24].(2) At delay t3, overlap only occurs between Easy and Esx, generating cross-polarizedphoton pairs in the state |x>|y> at the middle frequency through FWM. In this case, we launchthe Stokes pulse ahead of the anti-Stokes pulse into MF2.With polarization oriented at 45o with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes)pulse is split into two pulses with equal power in MF2 polarized along axes x and y,respectively, resulting in a four-pulse co-propagation configuration in MF2. The electric fieldof the four-pulse is,
    Es(t,z)=Esx(t,z)x+Esy(t,z)y, (1a)
    Eas(t,z)=Easx(t,z)x+Easy(t,z)
    Rotational vector frequency of cross polariton resonance amplifying the sea during June-july by space polaritons of 69 dynamics of solar magnetic field at cancer-reg [Incident: 100729-000144 news@nature.com
    Some interesting simulation on fliud mechanics that could be derived using the velocity potential of -1 as as dy/dx -1at Wz =1/2(dv/dx-du/dy) that simulate violent surface palsmons by incearsed rotational frequencies due to circularly polarised polariton collection on water surface from linearity to partitionned polarity and collapsible resonance amplify the force by the cross polarisaing stoke and antistoke forces. They’re the stuff of sea captains' nightmares—giant waves barreling in seemingly from out of nowhere to capsize or swamp even the largest vessels or offshore drilling platforms. What creates these elusive monsters? In a new paper to be published in Physical Review Letters, researchers use a computer model to simulate a rogue wave's birth and propagation. Two or more small waves, driven forward by strong currents, and at the same time resisted by powerful headwinds, suddenly combine and amplify their height into a single, giant wave. Once formed, the wave structure stabilizes itself and concentrates its energy in one direction. That enables it to travel many kilometers before breaking up, typically when either the driving currents or headwinds subside. Along the way, anyone unfortunate enough to be sitting in the wave's path is bound to remember the experience. The same experience occurred to Lord Kitchner nval commander of England who had Einstein’s spooky hologram plane in his palm print of cross polarization graphics at the end of travel line confirmed the astro genetic theory along the plane of cross polarized surface polaritons of solar magnetic field acted as a timer in his case.. Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar along with Hon. Sir J.Pendry F.R.S of imperial college uk special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society London

    Main reference: Generation of cross-polarized photon pairs in a microstructure fiber with frequency-conjugatemicrostructure fiber with frequency-conjugate laser pump pulsesJ. Fan and A.MigdallOptical Technology DivisionNational Institute of Standards and Technology
    100 Bureau Drive, Mail Stop 8441, Gaithersburg. MD 20899-8441Jfan@nist.gov
    References and links
    1. C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography:
    A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
    2. M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza,
    A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space
    distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
    3. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten,W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin
    entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
    4. D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon
    pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
    5. S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of
    photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
    6. S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion
    and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
    7. P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled
    photons,” Phys. Rev. A60, R773 (1999).
    8. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in
    type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
    9. E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, R. W., Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to
    atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000-6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
    10. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble,
    “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,”
    Nature 423, 731 (2003).
    11. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon
    device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
    12. S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D., Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin,
    “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett.
    37, 26 (2001).
    13. S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at
    0.8 and 1.6 m,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
    14. F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarizationentangled
    photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
    15. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett.
    22, 961 (1997).
    16. M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum
    communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
    17) Your call CNSHD789849 regarding With polarization oriented at 45 degrees with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) may shifted for anti laser-reg has been received Outreach@stsci.edu
    18) #TAG# With polarization oriented at 45 degrees with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) may shifted for anti laser-reg [Incident: 100802-000314 news@nature.com"

    Corbino anomalous hall’s effect on space optic lattice may produce phase shifted squeezed for monopoles for energy transfer between galaxies and balckholes:
    Spintronic monopole crystals materials: The secondary circular current in a rotating optic lattice due to a primary radial current as the optic lattice is placed in magnetic field perpendicular to its plane.at C=aHI where I is the radial current.The optic lattice produced was Anamalous hall Crabinova effect.Corbino effect produced by the rotating materials may squeeze the system for various phase shifted projections by Bose Einstein laser beams on strontium, ruthenium and oxygen in a magnetic field as well as ferromagnetic crystal SrRuO3 that provide evidence for the magnetic monopole in the crystal momentum space. The researchers also measured the transverse optical conductivity of a thin film of the crystal using a technique known as high-resolution Kerr microscopy and found a sharp peak at low energies. According to Tokura and co-workers, this peak can only be explained by the presence of monopoles in the band structure of the crystal. Bismuth can also be used.
    On the theoretical front, the adoption of Berry-phase concepts has established a link between the AHE and the topological nature of the Hall currents which originate from spin-orbit coupling. On the experimental front, new experimental studies of the AHE in transition metals, transition-metal oxides, spinels, pyrochlores, and metallic dilute magnetic semiconductors, have more clearly established systematic trends. These two developments in concert with first-principles electronic structure calculations, strongly favor the dominance of an intrinsic Berry-phase-related AHE mechanism in metallic ferromagnets with moderate conductivity. The intrinsic AHE can be expressed in terms of Berry-phase curvatures and it is therefore an intrinsic quantum mechanical property of a perfect cyrstal. An extrinsic mechanism, skew scattering from disorder, tends to dominate the AHE in highly conductive ferromagnets. We review the full modern semiclassical treatment of the AHE together with the more rigorous quantum-mechanical treatments based on the Kubo and Keldysh formalisms, taking into account multiband effects, and demonstrate the equivalence of all three linear response theories in the metallic regime. Finally we discuss outstanding issues and avenues for future investigation. In bismuth a was not constant but depending on magnetic force but in other materials this was constant.
    Monopoles may one day takeup the quantum teleporattion dynamics in space-reg [Incident: 100804-000034 news@nature.com"
    Corbino anomalous hall’s effect on space optic lattice may produce phase shifted squeezed for monopoles in space calls for energy transfer among galaxy and blackholes:
    Spintronic monopole crystals materials: The secondary circular current in a rotating optic lattice due to a primary radial current as the optic lattice is placed in magnetic field perpendicular to its plane.at C=aHI where I is the radial current.The optic lattice produced was Anamalous hall Crabinova effect.Corbino effect produced by the rotating materials may squeeze the system for various phase shifted projections by Bose Einstein laser beams on strontium, ruthenium and oxygen in a magnetic field as well as ferromagnetic crystal SrRuO3 that provide evidence for the magnetic monopole in the crystal momentum space. The researchers also measured the transverse optical conductivity of a thin film of the crystal using a technique known as high-resolution Kerr microscopy and found a sharp peak at low energies. According to Tokura and co-workers, this peak can only be explained by the presence of monopoles in the band structure of the crystal. Bismuth can also be used.
    On the theoretical front, the adoption of Berry-phase concepts has established a link between the AHE and the topological nature of the Hall currents which originate from spin-orbit coupling. On the experimental front, new experimental studies of the AHE in transition metals, transition-metal oxides, spinels, pyrochlores, and metallic dilute magnetic semiconductors, have more clearly established systematic trends. These two developments in concert with first-principles electronic structure calculations, strongly favor the dominance of an intrinsic Berry-phase-related AHE mechanism in metallic ferromagnets with moderate conductivity. The intrinsic AHE can be expressed in terms of Berry-phase curvatures and it is therefore an intrinsic quantum mechanical property of a perfect cyrstal. An extrinsic mechanism, skew scattering from disorder, tends to dominate the AHE in highly conductive ferromagnets. We review the full modern semiclassical treatment of the AHE together with the more rigorous quantum-mechanical treatments based on the Kubo and Keldysh formalisms, taking into account multiband effects, and demonstrate the equivalence of all three linear response theories in the metallic regime. Finally we discuss outstanding issues and avenues for future investigation. In bismuth a was not constant but depending on magnetic force but in other materials this was constant.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar along with Hon. Sir J.Pendry F.R.S of imperial college uk special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Engineering and technology ,Member American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Enginering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror
    Monopoles may one day takeup the quantum teleporattion dynamics in space-reg [Incident: 100804-000034 news@nature.com"
    Your call CNSHD790075 regarding Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -black hole energy transfer dynamics-reg has been received Outreach@stsci.edu"
    scinews@sciencenews.org
    Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -blackhole energy transfer dynamics-reg [Incident: 100804-000050 news@nature.com"

    #TAG# Re: Your call CNSHD790075 regarding Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -blackhole energy transfer dynamics-reg has been received. [Incident: 100804-000076news@nature.com
    Internally, ferromagnetic materials have a structure that is divided into domains, each of which is a region of uniform magnetic polarization. When a magnetic field is applied, the boundaries between the domains shift and the domains rotate, both these effects causing a change in the material's dimensions. The reciprocal effect, the change of the susceptibility of a material when subjected to a mechanical stress, is called the Villari effect. Two other effects are related to magnetostriction: the Matteucci effect is the creation of a helical anisotropy of the susceptibility of a magnetostrictive material when subjected to a torque and the Wiedemann effect is the twisting of these materials when a helical magnetic field is applied to them. The Villari Reversal is the change in sign of the magnetostriction of iron from positive to negative when exposed to magnetic fields of approximately 40000 A/m (500 oersted).
    This form of distortion normally occurs when two sine waves of frequencies f1 and f2 are present at the input, resulting in the creation of several other frequency components, whose frequencies include (f1+f2), (f1-f2), (2f1-f2), (2f2-f1), and generally (mf1 ± nf2) for integer m and n. Generally the size of the unwanted output falls rapidly as m and n increase.
    A linear system cannot produce intermodulation. If the input of a linear time-invariant system is a signal of a single frequency, then the output is a signal of the same frequency; only the amplitude and phase can differ from the input signal. However, non-linear systems generate harmonics, meaning that if the input of a non-linear system is a signal of a single frequency, then the output is a signal which includes a number of integer multiples of the input frequency. Intermodulation normally occurs when the input to a non-linear system is composed of two or more frequencies.
    Each of these frequency components will have a different amplitude and phase, which depends on the specific non-linear function being used, and also on the amplitudes and phases of the original input components.
    Fluxgate Effect
    This effect changes the the B-H curve or hysteresis loop response of a ferromagnetic material when there is both a static magnetic field and an Alternating magnetic field. A significant effect can occur with only a very weak static field. If you apply a static field, you shift the operating point on the hysteresis or B-H curve. It shifts to the left or right along the H (applied field) axis depending on the direction of applied field. The material spends more time saturated in one field direction so the magnetization is an asymmetric wave. This adds even harmonics to the results which are easily detected. The principle is used in fluxgate magnetometers, fluxgate compasses and Electronic Article Surveillance
    VillariEffect
    The change in magnetic properties (change in magnetic permeability) of a ferromagnetic material in response to the presence of stress in the ferromagnetic material. This is the inverse of magnetostriction.Wiedemann Effect
    The Wiedemann effect is the twisting of these materials when a helical magnetic field is applied to them. This is normally seen as a twist in a current-carrying ferromagnetic wire or tube when placed in a longitudinal magnetic field. Also known as circular magnetostriction.
    #TAG# Re: Your call CNSHD790075 regarding Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -blackhole energy transfer dynamics-reg has been received. [Incident: 100804-000076news@nature.com

    Symmetriy middle frequency collapse along cross polarised shifts in solar magnetic field may be confirmed by infra probes as the sun moves through cancer -leo during june-july and then nov-december and then march -april in under standing typical bosenova implosion in understanding typical Bosenova implosions (and collection of blackhole quantum dots assiting the implosions by blackhole quantum dots at Capricorn during jan-feb as the sun moving through for disturbing the equilibrium as breaking ponit are yet to be verified.)Hovewer thesymmatry breaking middle frequency resonance for a jump overfrom fire,erath,air ,water affined dynamicals of the solar magnetic field under Bosneva implosion and symmery breaking dynamics seems to be very very important in every 12 magneto optic quantum sectors of space along the plane of converging hologram such as plam print act along symmetry breaking genetic activity of genes based on the spooky quantum mechanics of Einstein.
    Brain knows everytihng well in advance by the brain line as per palm print as the fate line breaking the brain line as indicated on the palm print of Major John A Logan of Boer war who met with head injury for evaluating fire,earth,air ,water affined as confirmed by Harriet Hubert Iyer based on cheiro's prediction refer:Confessions memoirs of cheiro"
    catastrophe base on solar rays.Space magnetic field reconnection possible by frequency dispersed opposing magnetic fields of space:
    According to Bloch that applying a uniform force to a particle in a periodic potential would not accelerate it beyond certain limits, but instead would result in Bragg reflection when its deBrogle wave length became equivalent to the lattice period. Thus electro magnetic field applied to a potential could not accelerate electrons to a speed faster than corresponding Brillion zone ,and at longer periods the particles would execute oscillatory motion,called Bloch oscillation.
    Magnetic reconnection is a physical process in which oppositely directed magnetic fields are annihilated and the energy stored in them is converted to beams of energetic atomic particles. Based on two phenomena at frequency dispersion opposing quantum mechanical magnetic fields, this may be possible. This reconnection process is believed to drive the dynamics of the Earths magnetosphere and is responsible for phenomena such as solar flares and the aurora. These findings really are a breakthrough because magnetic reconnection is very difficult to observe. Before now we have had the 'smoking gun' of small-scale events but far from a full picture. Now for the first time we have proof that reconnection can and does occur on scales that make it as important as theoretically predicted. This becomes the basic foundation of astro genetics . While an electromagnetic field was applied to cause a stronger attraction among themselves causing bosenova explosions also. At this point the thermal energy released will be more for an explosion and the thermal energy released was greater than the normal energy. With increased magnetic field involving a Fesh bach resonance causing a reversible flip from attraction to repulsion in solar magnetic field emissions.
    Interesting frequency dispersed acceleration is possible by interference calling for positive and negative momentum resulting in an increased oscillation but at forbidden points there seems to be no transfer of energy .Simply by a change in the frequency in any one of the interference beams creating acceleration in optic lattice. A time may come when the interference energy distribution becomes a shut off at the eighth phase plane.vr=hk/m becomes -vr
    This requires information on phase conjugated converging domains of solar,lunar and planetary boundary reflections converged along negative refractive index plasmons of polaritons acting as feedback system along the plane of hologram which calls for more investigations on GRP(genetic reference plane) as genetic feedback system at radio waves frequencies as phase shifted auto feedback system in reinforcing the theory of astro genetics along the plane of hologram in understanding genetic codes of palm print.

    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Engineering and technology ,Member American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Enginering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror.
    Space electro magnetic wave reconnection of Magnetic reconnection is possible by the opposing magnetic fields-reg [Incident: 100726-000249 news@nature.com
    Teleportation over distances of a few hundred meters has previously only been accomplished with the photons traveling in fiber channels to help preserve their state. In this particular experiment, researchers maximally entangled two photons using both spatial and polarization modes and sent the one with higher energy through a ten-mile-long free space channel. They found that the distant photon was still able to respond to changes in state of the photon they held onto even at this unprecedented distanceIt works by entangling two objects, like photons or ions. The first teleportation experiments involved beams of light. Once the objects are entangled, they're connected by an invisible wave, like a thread or umbilical cord. That means when something is done
    to one object, it immediately happens to the other object, too. Einstein called this "spooky action at a distance Using a blue laser, a semiconductor, and a beta-barium borate crystal, the scientists first entangled two photons of light. Next, they sent one photon, which had slightly more energy, through about 10 miles of free space, from Beijing to a site in nearby Hebei province. When one photon changed its polarization, the other entangled photon changed its polarization as well
    username: sankravelayudhannandakumar
    password: 6gc8PFkkMf

    Corbino anomalous hall’s effect on space optic lattice may produce phase shifted squeezed for monopoles:
    Spintronic monopole crystals materials: The secondary circular current in a rotating optic lattice due to a primary radial current as the optic lattice is placed in magnetic field perpendicular to its plane.at C=aHI where I is the radial current.The optic lattice produced was Anamalous hall Crabinova effect.Corbino effect produced by the rotating materials may squeeze the system for various phase shifted projections by Bose Einstein laser beams on strontium, ruthenium and oxygen in a magnetic field as well as ferromagnetic crystal SrRuO3 that provide evidence for the magnetic monopole in the crystal momentum space. The researchers also measured the transverse optical conductivity of a thin film of the crystal using a technique known as high-resolution Kerr microscopy and found a sharp peak at low energies. According to Tokura and co-workers, this peak can only be explained by the presence of monopoles in the band structure of the crystal. Bismuth can also be used.
    On the theoretical front, the adoption of Berry-phase concepts has established a link between the AHE and the topological nature of the Hall currents which originate from spin-orbit coupling. On the experimental front, new experimental studies of the AHE in transition metals, transition-metal oxides, spinels, pyrochlores, and metallic dilute magnetic semiconductors, have more clearly established systematic trends. These two developments in concert with first-principles electronic structure calculations, strongly favor the dominance of an intrinsic Berry-phase-related AHE mechanism in metallic ferromagnets with moderate conductivity. The intrinsic AHE can be expressed in terms of Berry-phase curvatures and it is therefore an intrinsic quantum mechanical property of a perfect cyrstal. An extrinsic mechanism, skew scattering from disorder, tends to dominate the AHE in highly conductive ferromagnets. We review the full modern semiclassical treatment of the AHE together with the more rigorous quantum-mechanical treatments based on the Kubo and Keldysh formalisms, taking into account multiband effects, and demonstrate the equivalence of all three linear response theories in the metallic regime. Finally we discuss outstanding issues and avenues for future investigation. In bismuth a was not constant but depending on magnetic force but in other materials this was constant.
    Monopoles may one day takeup the quantum teleporattion dynamics in space-reg [Incident: 100804-000034 news@nature.com"
    Corbino anomalous hall’s effect on space optic lattice may produce phase shifted squeezed for monopoles in space calls for energy transfer among galaxy and blackholes:
    Spintronic monopole crystals materials: The secondary circular current in a rotating optic lattice due to a primary radial current as the optic lattice is placed in magnetic field perpendicular to its plane.at C=aHI where I is the radial current.The optic lattice produced was Anamalous hall Crabinova effect.Corbino effect produced by the rotating materials may squeeze the system for various phase shifted projections by Bose Einstein laser beams on strontium, ruthenium and oxygen in a magnetic field as well as ferromagnetic crystal SrRuO3 that provide evidence for the magnetic monopole in the crystal momentum space. The researchers also measured the transverse optical conductivity of a thin film of the crystal using a technique known as high-resolution Kerr microscopy and found a sharp peak at low energies. According to Tokura and co-workers, this peak can only be explained by the presence of monopoles in the band structure of the crystal. Bismuth can also be used.
    On the theoretical front, the adoption of Berry-phase concepts has established a link between the AHE and the topological nature of the Hall currents which originate from spin-orbit coupling. On the experimental front, new experimental studies of the AHE in transition metals, transition-metal oxides, spinels, pyrochlores, and metallic dilute magnetic semiconductors, have more clearly established systematic trends. These two developments in concert with first-principles electronic structure calculations, strongly favor the dominance of an intrinsic Berry-phase-related AHE mechanism in metallic ferromagnets with moderate conductivity. The intrinsic AHE can be expressed in terms of Berry-phase curvatures and it is therefore an intrinsic quantum mechanical property of a perfect cyrstal. An extrinsic mechanism, skew scattering from disorder, tends to dominate the AHE in highly conductive ferromagnets. We review the full modern semiclassical treatment of the AHE together with the more rigorous quantum-mechanical treatments based on the Kubo and Keldysh formalisms, taking into account multiband effects, and demonstrate the equivalence of all three linear response theories in the metallic regime. Finally we discuss outstanding issues and avenues for future investigation. In bismuth a was not constant but depending on magnetic force but in other materials this was constant.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar along with Hon. Sir J.Pendry F.R.S of imperial college uk special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Engineering and technology ,Member American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Enginering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror
    Monopoles may one day takeup the quantum teleporattion dynamics in space-reg [Incident: 100804-000034 news@nature.com"
    Your call CNSHD790075 regarding Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -black hole energy transfer dynamics-reg has been received Outreach@stsci.edu"
    scinews@sciencenews.org
    Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -blackhole energy transfer dynamics-reg [Incident: 100804-000050 news@nature.com"

    #TAG# Re: Your call CNSHD790075 regarding Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -blackhole energy transfer dynamics-reg has been received. [Incident: 100804-000076news@nature.com
    Internally, ferromagnetic materials have a structure that is divided into domains, each of which is a region of uniform magnetic polarization. When a magnetic field is applied, the boundaries between the domains shift and the domains rotate, both these effects causing a change in the material's dimensions. The reciprocal effect, the change of the susceptibility of a material when subjected to a mechanical stress, is called the Villari effect. Two other effects are related to magnetostriction: the Matteucci effect is the creation of a helical anisotropy of the susceptibility of a magnetostrictive material when subjected to a torque and the Wiedemann effect is the twisting of these materials when a helical magnetic field is applied to them. The Villari Reversal is the change in sign of the magnetostriction of iron from positive to negative when exposed to magnetic fields of approximately 40000 A/m (500 oersted).
    This form of distortion normally occurs when two sine waves of frequencies f1 and f2 are present at the input, resulting in the creation of several other frequency components, whose frequencies include (f1+f2), (f1-f2), (2f1-f2), (2f2-f1), and generally (mf1 ± nf2) for integer m and n. Generally the size of the unwanted output falls rapidly as m and n increase.
    A linear system cannot produce intermodulation. If the input of a linear time-invariant system is a signal of a single frequency, then the output is a signal of the same frequency; only the amplitude and phase can differ from the input signal. However, non-linear systems generate harmonics, meaning that if the input of a non-linear system is a signal of a single frequency, then the output is a signal which includes a number of integer multiples of the input frequency. Intermodulation normally occurs when the input to a non-linear system is composed of two or more frequencies.
    Each of these frequency components will have a different amplitude and phase, which depends on the specific non-linear function being used, and also on the amplitudes and phases of the original input components.
    Fluxgate Effect
    This effect changes the the B-H curve or hysteresis loop response of a ferromagnetic material when there is both a static magnetic field and an Alternating magnetic field. A significant effect can occur with only a very weak static field. If you apply a static field, you shift the operating point on the hysteresis or B-H curve. It shifts to the left or right along the H (applied field) axis depending on the direction of applied field. The material spends more time saturated in one field direction so the magnetization is an asymmetric wave. This adds even harmonics to the results which are easily detected. The principle is used in fluxgate magnetometers, fluxgate compasses and Electronic Article Surveillance
    VillariEffect
    The change in magnetic properties (change in magnetic permeability) of a ferromagnetic material in response to the presence of stress in the ferromagnetic material. This is the inverse of magnetostriction.Wiedemann Effect
    The Wiedemann effect is the twisting of these materials when a helical magnetic field is applied to them. This is normally seen as a twist in a current-carrying ferromagnetic wire or tube when placed in a longitudinal magnetic field. Also known as circular magnetostriction.
    #TAG# Re: Your call CNSHD790075 regarding Corbino anomalous Hall's effective rotating phase shifted monopoles links among galaxy -blackhole energy transfer dynamics-reg has been received. [Incident: 100804-000076news@nature.com

    Quantum teleportation though neutron beam may be possible in future
    The magnetic field is used to tune the chains of spins to a quantum critical state. The resonant modes (“notes”) are detected by scattering neutrons. These scatter with the characteristic frequencies of the spin chains. (Credit: Image courtesy of Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
    On the atomic scale particles do not behave as we know it in the macro-atomic world. New properties emerge which are the result of an effect known as the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle. In order to study these nanoscale quantum effects the researchers have focused on the magnetic material cobalt niobate. It consists of linked magnetic atoms, which form chains just like a very thin bar magnet, but only one atom wide and are a useful model for describing ferromagnetism on the nanoscale in solid state matter.
    When applying a magnetic field at right angles to an aligned spin the magnetic chain will transform into a new state called quantum critical, which can be thought of as a quantum version of a fractal pattern. Prof. Alan Tennant, the leader of the Berlin group, explains "The system reaches a quantum uncertain -- or a Schrödinger cat state. This is what we did in our experiments with cobalt niobate. We have tuned the system exactly in order to turn it quantum critical. By tuning the system and artificially introducing more quantum uncertainty the researchers observed that the chain of atoms acts like a nanoscale guitar string.
    Dr. Radu Coldea from Oxford University, who is the principal author of the paper and drove the international project from its inception a decade ago until the present, explains: "Here the tension comes from the interaction between spins causing them to magnetically resonate. For these interactions we found a series (scale) of resonant notes: The first two notes show a perfect relationship with each other. Their frequencies (pitch) are in the ratio of 1.618…, which is the golden ratio famous from art and architecture." Radu Coldea is convinced that this is no coincidence. "It reflects a beautiful property of the quantum system -- a hidden symmetry. Actually quite a special one called E8 by mathematicians, and this is its first observation in a material," he explains. The observed resonant states in cobalt niobate are a dramatic laboratory illustration of the way in which mathematical theories developed for particle physics may find application in nanoscale science and ultimately in future technology.
    Prof. Tennant remarks on the perfect harmony found in quantum uncertainty instead of disorder. "Such discoveries are leading physicists to speculate that the quantum, atomic scale world may have its own underlying order. Similar surprises may await researchers in other materials in the quantum critical state."
    The researchers achieved these results by using a special probe -- neutron scattering. It allows physicists to see the actual atomic scale vibrations of a system. Dr. Elisa Wheeler, who has worked at both Oxford University and Berlin on the project, explains "using neutron scattering gives us unrivalled insight into how different the quantum world can be from the every day
    However, "the conflicting difficulties of a highly complex neutron experiment integrated with low temperature equipment and precision high field apparatus make this a very challenging undertaking indeed." In order to achieve success "in such challenging experiments under extreme conditions" the HZB in Berlin has brought together world leaders in this field. By combining the special expertise in Berlin whilst taking advantage of the pulsed neutrons at ISIS, near Oxford, permitted a perfect combination of measurements to be made.
    'You might expect to see random fluctuations of the spins at this critical point but what we 'You might expect to see random fluctuations of the spins at this critical point but what we uncovered was a remarkable structure in the resonances of the magnetic spins indicating a perfectly harmonious state,' said Radu Coldea from Oxford University's Department of Physics who led the team.
    Some information requiring 45 degree tangential cross polarization on middle frequency resonance and oscillation on symmetry breaking dynamics to be evolved says Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar on behalf of Oxford astro genetic team headed by Hon.Roger Davies and his colleagues.

    Contrary to Cooper theory of paired electrons this commonly held theory, Lebed said, "We show that superconducting electron pairs are not unchanged elementary particles but rather complex objects with characteristics that depend on the strength of a magnetic field." When the spins of the two electrons are in opposite directions, one spinning up and the other spinning down, they are called singlets, or non-rotating Cooper pairs. When the spins are in same direction, they are called triplets, or rotating Cooper pairs.
    Super-strong magnetic fields create exotic Cooper pairs that behave according to the weird, non-intuitive laws of quantum mechanics: the electron pairs are both rotating and non-rotating at the same time. They behave kind of like microscopic "quantum mechanical hurricanes, applied along corcinova rotation at middle frequency cross polarized criticality says Sankara velayudhan Nandakumar as observed by the Astro genetic team. Cross Polarizations of these two pulses are parallel to each other and oriented at 45 degree with respect to axes x and y.With polarization oriented at 450 with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes).
    In this case we launch the anti-Stokes pulse ahead of the Stokes pulse into MF2. Cross-polarized photon pairs in the state|x>|y> are generated by FWM at the middle frequency. This is similar to a collinear degenerate type-II PDC process [24].(2) At delay t3, overlap only occurs between Easy and Esx, generating cross-polarized pulse is split into two pulses with equal power.
    correlated Stokes (ωs) and anti-Stokes (ωas) photon pairs at conjugate frequencies are generated via degenerate four-wave mixing process (FWM) at the phase matching condition, ωs+ωas=2ω0 [16-19]. In a reverse process, it was also shown that by recombining these pairs of parallel-polarized conjugate photons in a second fiber, photon pairs can be generated at the middle frequency with good efficiency, 2ω0=ωs+ωas.Cross polarized photon plasmons are of great importance in astro genetic field. They demonstrate the generation of cross-polarized photon pairs via four-wave mixing with cross-polarized frequency-conjugate.

    Another unexpected and unique magnetic field-dependent property is mirror reflection.
    Because Cooper pairs are quantum objects, they behave both as particles and as standing waves. One standing wave property is mirror reflection, or "parity." Physicists earlier found that wave symmetry in conventional, or singlet, superconductors is even. It is mathematically termed as +1. They also discovered that unconventional, or triplet, superconductor parity is odd, or - 1.
    When singlets or triplets are reflected in a mirror, the reflected waves always have the same (+1) or opposite (-1) parity of the original waves. as observed in NRI materials of Hon.Sir Pendry FRS.
    "Because these Cooper pair electrons behave so differently than conventional singlet and unconventional triplet Cooper pairs, we call them 'exotic' Cooper pairs at cos 45 ,sin 45 degree cross polarized oscillation which may act along breaking symmetry dynamics of Eric Bosoneva.calls for Nambu’s symmetry breaking.(Kindly refer symmetry breaking surface solar magnetic plasmons at Capricorn as the sun moves through) Time reversal symmetry is the idea that most fundamental physical laws would not change if time ran backwards instead of forward
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar along with Hon. Sir J.Pendry F.R.S of imperial college uk special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society, London.
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA,NIST ,Hubble Group member on behalf of Loyola college of Engineering and technology ,Member American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest lecturer ,KNSK Enginering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found out genetic mirror
    1. C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography:
    A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
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    A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space
    distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
    3. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten,W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin
    entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
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    and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
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    photons,” Phys. Rev. A60, R773 (1999).
    8. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in
    type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
    9. E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, R. W., Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to
    atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000-6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
    10. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble,
    “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,”
    Nature 423, 731 (2003).
    11. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon
    device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
    12. S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D., Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin,
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    14. F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarizationentangled
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    communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
    17) Your call CNSHD789849 regarding With polarization oriented at 45 degrees with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) may shifted for anti laser-reg has been received Outreach@stsci.edu
    18) #TAG# With polarization oriented at 45 degrees with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) may shifted for anti laser-reg [Incident: 100802-000314 news@nature.com"
    19)Quantumm teleportation by neutron beam may be posssible by breaking 45 degree cross polarised resonance-reg [Incident: 100805-000130
    20)Your call CNSHD790230 regarding Quantum teleportation by neutron beam may be posssible by breaking 45 degree cross polarised resonance-reg has been received) news@nature.com

    19 Your call CNSHD790230 regarding Quantum teleportation by neutron beam may be posssible by breaking 45 degree cross polarised resonance-reg has been received)

    The bosenva magnetic frequency resonance by cross polarisation of middle frequency oscillation is nearby the forbidden dark matter resonance region and hence it isdifficult to locate.Polarization of low-lying excitonic bands in BEC medium is studied by using quantum magnetic field frequency reversal methodologies. Our calculations elucidate properties of cross-polarized excitons, which lead to the transverse optical absorption of nanotubes and presumably couple to intermediate-frequency modes recently observed in resonance Raman excitation spectroscopy. We identify up to 12 distinct excitonic transitions below the second fundamental band associated with the E22 van Hove singularity. Calculations for several chiral SWNTs distinguish the optically active “bright” excitonic band polarized parallel to the tube axis and several optically “weak” cross-polarized excitons. The rest are optically (near) forbidden “dark” transitions. An analysis of the transition density matrices related to excitonic bands provides detailed information about delocalization of excitonic wavefunction along the tube. Utilization of the natural helical coordinate system accounting for the tube chirality allows one to disentangle longitudinal and circumferential components. The distribution of the transition density matrix along a tube axis is similar for all excitons. However, four parallel-polarized excitons associated with the E11 transition are more localized along the circumference of a tube, compared with others related to the E12 and E21 cross-polarized transitions. Calculated splitting between optically active parallel- and cross-polarized transitions increases with tube diameter, which compares well with experimental spectroscopic data

    The bosenva magnetic frequency resonance by cross polarisation of middle frequency oscillation is nearby the forbidden dark matter resonance region and hence it isdifficult to locate.Polarization of low-lying excitonic bands in BEC medium is studied by using quantum magnetic field frequency reversal methodologies. Our calculations elucidate properties of cross-polarized excitons, which lead to the transverse optical absorption of nanotubes and presumably couple to intermediate-frequency modes recently observed in resonance Raman excitation spectroscopy. We identify up to 12 distinct excitonic transitions below the second fundamental band associated with the E22 van Hove singularity. Calculations for several chiral SWNTs distinguish the optically active “bright” excitonic band polarized parallel to the tube axis and several optically “weak” cross-polarized excitons. The rest are optically (near) forbidden “dark” transitions. An analysis of the transition density matrices related to excitonic bands provides detailed information about delocalization of excitonic wavefunction along the tube. Utilization of the natural helical coordinate system accounting for the tube chirality allows one to disentangle longitudinal and circumferential components. The distribution of the transition density matrix along a tube axis is similar for all excitons. However, four parallel-polarized excitons associated with the E11 transition are more localized along the circumference of a tube, compared with others related to the E12 and E21 cross-polarized transitions. Calculated splitting between optically active parallel- and cross-polarized transitions increases with tube diameter, which compares well with experimental spectroscopic data

    Bossenova research finally confirming quasi natured fermion boson resonance thus releasing energy:
    Bossonova can be called a resonance shift between fermion and boson phases and hence releases energy during an attactive collapse. Physicists often claim that there is an effective repulsion between fermions, implied by the Pauli principle, and a corresponding effective attraction between bosons. We examine the origins and validity of such exchange force ideas and the areas where they are highly misleading. We propose that explanations of quantum statistics should avoid the idea of an effective force completely, and replace it with more appropriate physical insights, some of which are suggested here.
    During cross polarization the protons are brought to the surface and thee are are resonance between fermion to boson resonance activate the rubidium -xenon gas phases for Bossonova energy transfer during laser cooling. Shrinking protons are brought to outside surface correct or wrong. For kind discussion please.
    “crossover physics”, which reflects the anomalously short coherence length. Both schools are currently very interested in explaining the origin of the mysterious pseudogap phase. In this Review we have presenteda case for its origin in crossover physics. The pseudogap in the normal state can be associated withmeta-stable pairs of fermions; a (pseudogap) energy must be supplied to break these pairs apart into theirseparate components. The pseudogap also persists below Tc in the sense that there are noncondensed fermion pair excitations of the condensate. These concepts have a natural analogue in self consistent theories of superconducting fluctuations, but for the crossover problem the width of the “critical region” is extremely large. This reflects the much stronger-than-BCS attractive interaction. It was not our intent to shortchange the role of Mott physics which will obviously be of importance in our ultimate understanding of the superconducting cuprates. There is, however, much in this regard which is still uncertain associated with establishing the simultaneous relevance and existence of spin-charge
    separation (Anderson, 1997), stripes (Kivelson et al., 2003), and hidden order parameters (Chak
    et al., 2001). What we do have in hand, though, is a very clear experimental picture of an extremely unusual superconductor in which superconductivity seems to evolve gradually from above Tc to below.We have in this Review tried to emphasize the common ground between high Tc superconductors and ultracold superfluids.
    For the discussion among scientistsquantum dipolar gases will follow in the near future. One can be sure though that it will be full of explosive discoveries.
    The velocity fields for the condensate component a(x) (top) and the non-condensed component GN(x; x) (bottom) midway through the simulation (0.4 ms)by inward and outward flow indicating aresonance. The color contours indicate the densities and the velocity ¯elds are represented in direction and strength by the arrows. This clearly shows that in the resonance theory, as the condensate collapses inward, the non-condensate atoms atoms that are generated flow outward. Outward indicating fermion-boson combinations for critical fermion boson resonance(Jila research)
    Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar of Energy renovation coordinator along with Hon. Sir J.Pendry F.R.S of imperial college uk special officer on combustion nano technology along with Dr.GANESAN ,IIT professor ,combustion dept Cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal society London

    Shrinking protons are brought to outside surface correct or wrong. For kind discussion please.
    “crossover physics”, which reflects the anomalously short coherence length. Both schools are currentlyvery interested in explaining the origin of the mysterious pseudogap phase. In this Review we have presenteda case for its origin in crossover physics. The pseudogap in the normal state can be associated withmeta-stable pairs of fermions; a (pseudogap) energy must be supplied to break these pairs apart into theirseparate components. The pseudogap also persists below Tc in the sense that there are noncondensed fermion pair excitations of the condensate. These concepts have a natural analogue in self consistent theories of superconducting fluctuations, but for the crossover problem the width of the “critical region” is extremely large. This reflects the much stronger-than-BCS attractive interaction. It was not our intent to shortchange the role of Mott physics which will obviously be of importance in our ultimate understanding of the superconducting cuprates. There is, however, much in this regard which is still uncertain associated with establishing the simultaneous relevance and existence of spin-charge
    separation (Anderson, 1997), stripes (Kivelson et al., 2003), and hidden order parameters (Chak
    et al., 2001). What we do have in hand, though, is a very clear experimental picture of an extremely unusual superconductor in which superconductivity seems to evolve gradually from above Tc to below.We have in this Review tried to emphasize the common ground between high Tc superconductors and ultracold superfluids.
    For the discussion among scientistsquantum dipolar gases will follow in the near future. One can be sure though that it will be full of explosive discoveries.
    The velocity fields for the condensate component a(x) (top) and the non-condensed component GN(x; x) (bottom) midway through the simulation (0.4 ms)by inward and outward flow indicating aresonance. The color contours indicate the densities and the velocity ¯elds are represented in direction and strength by the arrows. This clearly shows that in the resonance theory, as the condensate collapses inward, the non-condensate atoms atoms that are generated flow outward. Outward indicating fermion-boson combinations for critical fermion boson resonance(Jila research)

    Oxfor astro physics dn by evaluating the quasinatured Taurus-Gemini juntures called for a quasinatured resonance of earth-air affined resonance typically enhancing a thepossibility of proton star,fermion and boson stars possibilities.Nobel Leaureate Nambu by symmetry breaking dynamics has confirmed this.
    The finall conclusion is bossona resoannce can be hadbetween earth-air affined fermion-boson resonance.

    Z pin location leading to Explosion in Aero plane combustion and by simulation of cross polarised Bossonova –z pin resonance electromagnetic waves of space requiring computer simulation study:
    Z pin location is known as Raman scattering resonance along z axis for discontinuity due to middle polarised cross polarised resonance initiate chaotic simulations of turbulence.
    For very massive stars—larger than eight solar masses, carbon burning is followed by a number of subsequent short burning phases—neon, oxygen, silicon burning—which convert the core material to iron and nickel. No further fusion processes can generate energy, so electron capture on iron and nickel isotopes destabilize the core, which collapses under the gravitational force, triggering a supernova –Bossonova explosion along fermion-boson resonance. Due to Libra magneto optic quantum sector emitting cross polarised quantum particles simulation middle frequency resonance between Bossonova-z pin resonances. Oxford astro genetic dept is interested in analyzing the z pin resonance oscillation simulated by the collection of Raman spectrum collecting dark matters in Libra magneto optic sector due to cross polarised Bossonova resonance leading to dark matter discontinuity in aero plane combustion leading to explosion in air in understanding theory of air-water affined catastrophe. The quasinatured linear and circular polarization in electromagnetic waves of radio waves is suspected simulate z pin resonance.
    The study describes a special construction of a pulsating self-compressing combustion system, which gives nearly constant in- and outflows of gas, and its use in connection with gas turbine power stations. The main idea of the self-compressing combustion chamber is that the pressure at the outflow after combustion is higher than that at the inflow to the combustion chamber. The maximum thermodynamically possible pressure rise in the combustion chamber is solved and calculated for different temperature ratios and combustion processes. The thermodynamic advantage of pulse combustion for gas turbine systems is shown as a function of the self-compression pressure ratio.
    The blackbody component in the chamber is higher than in the plume, probably due to the graphite nozzle at the end of the chamber. The nozzle forms a very good approximation of a blackbody source during firing due to its material, surface, and shape. At the end of the firing, the blackbody radiation due to soot swamps the rest of the spectrum. This is also seen in the visual images as the emission extinguishes at the end of the firing. Reducing the velocity on the axis forces the flame to propagate through the center at a velocity predicted by correlations on turbulent flame velocity. The largest critical velocities uc for flashback are found for the "perfectly" premixed case and equivalence ratios close to stoichiometric, which is in accordance with the theory on laminar flame propagation.
    The mode I interlaminar fracture in Z-pin reinforced composite laminates is modeled using a cohesive volumetric finite element (CVFE) scheme. The test configuration used in this study is a Z-pin reinforced double cantilever beam specimen. A bilinear rate-independent but damage-dependent cohesive traction–separation law is adopted to model the fracture of the unreinforced composite and discrete nonlinear spring elements to represent the effect of the Z-pins. The delamination toughness and failure strength of the Z-pin reinforced composites are determined by a detailed comparison study of the numerical modeling results with experimental data. To further reduce the computational effort, we introduce an equivalent distributed cohesive model as a substitute for the discrete nonlinear spring representation of the Z-pins. The cohesive model is implemented on various test problems with varying failure parameters and for varying spatial Z-pin reinforcement configurations showing good agreement with the experimental results.
    Interfacial damage nucleation and evolution in reinforced elastomers is modeled using a three-dimensional updated Lagrangian finite element formulation based on the perturbed Petrov–Galerkin method for the treatment of nearly incompressible behavior. The progressive failure of the particle–matrix interface is modeled by a cohesive law accounting for mode mixity. The meso-scale is characterized by a unit cell, which contains particles dispersed in a homogenized blend. A new, fully implicit and efficient finite element formulation, including consistent linearization, is presented. The proposed finite element model is capable of predicting the non-homogeneous meso-fields and damage nucleation and propagation along the particle–matrix interface. Simple deformations involving an idealized solid rocket propellant are considered to demonstrate the algorithm.
    The visual images show pulsations into the pre-combustion chamber. This can be seen by a brightening of the background light and by particulate matter moving toward the camera. The Pulsating flow pattern is consistent with an expected longitudinal acoustic mode associated with a cylinder. The pressure measurements in both the pre-combustion chamber and the post-combustion chamber show evidence of acoustic modes among other oscillations.
    Since acoustic modes sometimes couple with the combustion process and give rise to chaotic behavior, chaos may exist in the hybrid rocket motor process. Preliminary investigation was made to detect chaos in the pressure signals, and, for the higher flows, it appeared to be present.
    The presence of chaotic oscillations and the oxygen mass flow where transition to chaotic behavior occurs needs to be investigated further since it will impact both the modeling and the design effort.
    An interesting case study on Libra explosions in space call for urgent research in electro magnetic waves of Bossonova air –water affined z pin resonance in understanding the catastrophe explosions in space. case study: oxford astro genetic group really suspecting a cross polarised Bossonova resonance in Libra magneto optic sector collecting more dark matters especially from Saturn boundary connected with Libra collecting
    more dark matter in electro magnetic waves of Libra space suspecting Z pin resonance damages in aero plane combustion.
    Persons born during oct 4,13,22 are prone for explosive danger from air.Emile Bossom ,the American heiress and wife of Alfred Bossom said"Inspite of Cheiro's warning danger from aero planes I have taken up flying again. I can not resist it so if anything happens Cheiro will know. She met her death in the aero plane disaster of July 27,1932..Herbody was blown to pieces. piloted along with her own son
    Conclusion: Carbon burning phase with reference to neutrino simulations of blue phase to red phase resonance simulated by solar rays has to be studied. For increased intensity Bossonova magnetic field intensive clusters carbon burning is followed by a number of subsequent short burning phases—neon, oxygen, silicon burning—which convert the core material to iron and nickel. No further fusion processes can generate energycallfor cross polarised middle frequency resonance in solr liabra magneto optic quantum sector.
    1)Your call CNSHD790890 regarding Z pin damages during combustion observed in Libra magneto optic quantum sector space leading to combustion explosions-reg has been received
    Outreach@stsci.edu"
    2) Z pin damages during combustion observed in Libra magneto optic quantum sector space leading to combustion explosions-reg [Incident: 100811-000071 news@nature.com"
    3) A. P. Chouinard, A. J. Adams, A. M.Wright, and M. K. Hudson, “Multi-Wavelength Laser Opacity Study of HybridRocket Plume”, J. Pyrotechnics, No. 15,2002.
    4) Cosmic alchemy in the laboratoryMichael WiescherUniversity of Notre Dame, Department of Physics & Joint Institute of Nuclear Astrophysics, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA mwiesche@ nd. Edu
    https://the-tech.mit.edu/mailman/confirm/opinion/e57315ac55e61baa4934c5a...

    d -wave super fluidity as quasi s -p wave combinations as protective sign of cross polarisation -NIST -JILA research in understanding solar magnetic field symmetry breaking dynamics The Jin group conducts ongoing experiments to probe superfluidity in ultracold Fermi gases. The group recently took an important step towards creating superfluids of molecules whose atoms interact via p-waves. P-waves involve higher-order pairing of atoms in which the resulting molecules are rotating; such pairing contrasts with the more widely studied s-wave pairing in which the resulting molecules do not rotate. P-wave studies promise to expand the understanding of ultracold Fermi gases gained from s-wave-based studies of the BEC-BCS crossover. For instance, with p-waves, the group may be able to create a superfluid gas that involves higher-order pairing, akin to that found in superfluid helium (3He)In a related study, theorist Ana Maria Rey is exploring d-wave superfluidity in cold atoms. Her goal is the creation of superconductivity in optical lattices via a controlled preparation in smaller lattice configurations. She proposes to engineer d-wave superfluidity by first loading an array of plaquettes with cold fermions. A plaquette (shown here) is four lattice sites arranged in a square. It is the smallest system that exhibits d-wave symmetry. When loaded with four fermions, the ground state is d-wave symmetric; when loaded with only two fermions, the ground state is s-wave symmetric.
    Solar magneticsymmetry breaking dynamics betwen cross polarised dynamics towards d polarisation has ben observed on the palm print of W.T.stead trvael line ending in cross and Lady Doff Gordon's as square protective sign from a downing attarctiveforce in air-water affined genes
    This matter is very very important as this will reveal an intersting cross polarised rsonance observed as a cross at the end of travel line as per the palm prinyt of W.T.Stead who was drowned into sea in Titanic who was born between JUn-July confirming a cross polarised oscillation of genes recorded as a cross along the plane of holgram ,the palm print.This could demonstarate a typical cross polarised oscillation of solar magnetic field along the air -water affined bosenova resonances
    With polarization oriented at 45o with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) pulse is split into two pulses with equal power in MF2 polarized along axes x and y,respectively, resulting in a four-pulse co-propagation configuration in MF2. The electric fieldof the four-pulse is,Es(t,z)=Esx(t,z)x+Esy(t,z)y, (1a)
    Eas(t,z)=Easx(t,z)x+Easy(t,z)y . (1b)For this short fiber, group velocity dispersion (GVD) is negligible [17]. Pulses polarizedalong axis x walk off from pulses polarized along axis y in MF2 due to PMD. By adjusting therelative delay of the anti-Stokes pulse with respect to the Stokes pulse in MF2, we canarrange to overlap either Esx(t,z)x with Easy(t,z)y or Esy(t,z)x with Easx(t,z)y. These delay configurations acted as genetic timer in case of W.T.Stead ,journalist of Review of Reviewers..
    At delay t1, overlap only occurs between Easx and Esy. In this case we launch the anti-Stokes pulse ahead of the Stokes pulse into MF2. Cross-polarized photon pairs in the state|x>|y> are generated by FWM at the middle frequency. This is similar to a collinear degenerate type-II PDC process
    (2) At delay t 3, overlap only occurs between Easy and Esx, generating cross-polarized photon pairs in the state |x>|y> at the middle frequency through FWM. In this case, we launch the Stokes pulse ahead of the anti-Stokes pulse into MF2.(3) At a delay t2 between t1 and t3, both Stokes and anti-Stokes pulses enter MF2 at the same time. Before the PMD walk-off, FWM can occur in both parallel- and cross-polarization schemes. For FWM with parallel-polarized pump pulses, Easx overlaps with Esx to generate photon pairs in the polarization state |x>|x> along axis x, Easy overlaps with Esy to generate photon pairs in the polarization state |y>|y> along axis y. These two processes are coherent forming a superposed state.
    This only has occured in solar magnetic field resonance that initiated a holographic cross at the end of travel line from T cell ejections of W.T.Stead as well as that of Lord Kitchner former naval commander of England.
    #TAG# With polarization oriented at 45 degrees with respect to axes x and y, the Stokes (anti-Stokes) may shifted for anti laser-reg [Incident: 100802-000314 news@nature.com

    Overhang algorithm application in shifting Tsunami forces:
    How far off the edge of the table can we reach by Overhang algorithm to shift the Tsunamy forces using Blue-slaggar stacking n identical, homogeneous, frictionless blocks of length 1? A classical solution achieves an overhang asymptotic to x= n 1/21/2 ln n. This solution is widely believed to be optimal. Weshow, however, that it is exponentially far from optimality by constructing simple n block stacks that achieve an overhang of cn 1/3 for some constant c > 0.
    To determine the forces exerted on or by a block A Nyquist spinors by erre blue slagger force into the Tsunamy area the water Bossonova forces can be shifted else where , a stack like the one shown on the left is decomposed into single blocks (shown on the right). Adhering gravity, each of these blocks has a downwards directed weight force FW. In addition, there are forces exerted between the blocks, summed up to resulting forces that act on a certain point of the contact surface and for each of these forces exists an exact counterforce(F1, F2, F3).
    Zero pint Nyquist energy reversal points at water affined and air affined spinor Double humbed Bossonova above and under the sea:
    Citation: There must be double-humbed Bossonova of self generating gravity acceleration in between the spinor twisters Our problem is to understanding the self generating energy amplification between -1,0 and +1,0 a reversal dynamical frequency shifts of spinning between spin opposing z dynamics of open loop instability gaining energy from environmental solar rays in forming a Nyquist Bossonova requires some investigation at segmental frequency spin selective poles along the opposite spin rings for infinite M gain that is what is happening there. The cos theta-sin theta fluid dynamics using xenon-bismuth optic lattice along with lithium niobate crystal lattice may initiate a self generating Nyquist optic lattice at z point convergence along the cos theta,sin theta,zero,-sin theta matrix plane of complex nature a point of 0+jo at which there may be dissipation of mass as postulated by Hon.Stephen Hawking’s blackhole convergence which could be realized again at a distance using sperry-nyquist optic lattice hologram algorithm.
    In Tiny Supercooled Clouds, Physicists Exchange Light and Matter for z dynamical blue Cerenkov radiation transformation as left handed lock-up nature of Bose Einstein condensate could be quantum teleported at a faster rate using matter wave Cerenov algorithm as stroboscopic mass transfer dynamics a well as critically realized to disappear at z zone of square root 2c of opposite spins which will be our future quantum dynamic revolution says Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar based on the three plane shuffling matrix of cos theta,0,sin theta,-sin theta brutal chaotic chaos algorithm .The z dynamical disappearance of matter waves at Cerenkov radiation with doping of NI negative refractive index metamaterials vapour with bismuth –germanium doping as Bose condensate optic lattice can be replicated to realize the fast quantum matter wave replication and transformation with a controlled N.I refractive reversals this could be controlled for piezoelectric applications.
    Our problem at CRERC is to understanding the self generating energy amplification between -1,0 and +1,0 a reversal dynamical frequency shifts of spinning between spin opposing z dynamics of open loop instability gaining energy from environmental solar rays in forming a Nyquist Acoustic Bossonova requires some investigation at segmental frequency spin selective poles along the opposite spin rings for infinite M gain that is what is happening there. The M gain may go to infinity at the point of frequency reversal first quadrant to second reversal horizontal dampness-frequency of x axis shifts.
    The long-range impact of Nyquist's paper on the emerging field of automatic control was even more profound. Previous methods for stability analysis based on a study of the roots of the characteristic equation provided no guidance on how to modify an unstable system to make it stable. Nyquist's results changed the situation completely. Since the basic quantity AJ is the product of the transfer function of the plant and the controller, it is straightforward to see how the controller should be modified to avoid the critical point. Nyquist thus provided a stability criterion that could be the basis of a design method. The key idea was to shape the Nyquist curve to obtain the desired properties.
    Nyquist's results were thus an inspiration for many of the design methods that are called today loop shaping. Nyquist also realized the importance of the quantity AJ which is called today the loop transfer function, which could be applied in air affined and water affined Bossonova dynamics.
    The strain caused by the rotating surface of a windmill rotor using piezoelectric material such as bismuth-lithium niobate will produce acoustic waves that will act as touch screen measurement to find out the rotational speed and Torque value directly as the basic citation proposed by Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar This will be a modification of design of US scientists. An artificial touch sensor as sensitive as a human fingertip has been developed by US scientists. To make the sensor researchers deposited alternating layers of gold and cadmium sulphide nanoparticles, separated by insulating layers of polymer. They then applied a voltage across the film. As a result, when pressure is exerted on the material its layers squeeze together allowing current to flow. As the current flows through different regions of the material it causes the cadmium sulphide nanoparticles to emit light, creating an image that can be picked up by a digital camera.
    Windmill Optic lattices that may be designed out of boson-fermion gas combinations:
    This citation includes the partial fulfillment of future windmill optic lattice using cadmium-sulphide-xenoflouride-bismuth-rubidium combined alnico matrix combined Nyquist 0,-1.0,+1 reversal frequency spin dynamics. Photonic band gap crystals have been an active research area since the initial predictions of Yablonovitch1 and John,2 and experiments of Yablonovitch and Gmitter,3 who successfully demonstrated photonic band gap crystals in the microwave region. A photonic crystal is composed of a periodic variation in space of dielectric permittivity or magnetic permeability, with which an external electromagnetic wave interacts.
    There must be ellipsoidal to circular squeezing output on the lunar surface which could be the function of scattering interfering dynamics r=l1a1+l2a2 where l1 and l2 are integers, and a1 and a2 are lattice vectors of a distorted quasihexagonal lattice as shown. The column or matrix materials are assumed to be optically transparent in the wavelength region of interest and the corresponding matrix typically enhancing Nyquist infinite energy gain. Stress induced optic lattices under piezo electric converging diverging speromagnetic solenoids producing gravity waves out of lunar optic lattice. There must be ellipsoidal convergence towards circular at interference rotational corresponding to Fourier scattering at the converging diverging z dynamical nozzle points with a possible trialetering algorithm of sintheta,0 ,costheta matices.This will be a typical digital output under trap and release on fullmoon and newmoon days.
    In conclusion, we have proposed photonic crystal structures whose band gap can be tuned by as much as 52%–73%, respectively, with 2%–3% of shear strain, applied through a piezoelectric substrate. Since small resonant piezoelectric structures can operate at frequencies approaching mega hertz, these photonic crystals can be useful for optical switching and modulation in understanding the self generating energy amplification between -1,0 and +1,0 a reversal dynamical frequency shifts of spinning between spin opposing z dynamics of open loop instability gaining energy from environmental solar rays in forming a Nyquist Bossonova requires some investigation at segmental frequency spin selective poles along the opposite spin rings for infinite M gain that is what is happening there.This is to design a trialtering Nyquisit infinity algorithm for windmill applications.
    It is readily derived from the classical Lorentz model of atom and radiation interaction, where the force of light on atoms is found to be F(r, t) = −rrV (x, r, t), where r is the center-of-mass coordinate of the atom, x the position of the electron relative to the nucleus, and V (x, r, t) = −qx • E(r, t),is the dipole potential due to the light. E(r, t) is the electric field at the center-of-mass location of the atom and q = −e is the electron charge. The force F(r, t) is often called the dipole force, or the gradient force. It indicates that it is possible to use light to manipulate atomic trajectories, even when considered at the classical.
    Any massive particle of mass M possesses wave-like properties, characterized by a de Broglie properties,characterized by a de Broglie wavelength Lampda dB = h/Mv where h is Planck’s constant and v the particle velocity. This could be differentiated in between the debrogle notch angle that really reverse the z spinning under strain for an infinite spinning force. But at that time, a major stumbling block toward the further development of atom optics was thedependence of the thermal de Broglie wavelength on the temperature T,lampda dB = h/sqroot 2pi MkBT where kB is Boltzman’s constant actuate for double humbling eight dynamics.
    Taking the expectation value of this operator equation and approximating the quantum state of the condensate by an eigenstate _(r, t) of the field annihilation operator ˆ (r, t), the so-called condensate wave function, finally gives the Gross-Pitaevskii equation showing that for ultracold bosonic atoms collisions simply result not only in a nonlinear phase shift of the condensate wave Function,but also on Nyquist Bossonova infinite amplification twisters. The green jade or moonstone crystal doping definitely cover up such a difficulty.
    Repulsive interactions between solitons in a train of bright atomic solitons. The three images show examples of a soliton train near the two turning points of a nearly one dimensional atom trap (first and third image), and near the center of oscillation (second image). The spacing between solitons is compressed at the turning points, and spread out at the center of the oscillation.(From reference courtesy of R. Hulet.)

    Images of vortex lattices in Bose-Einstein condensates at JILA. The dark holes within the light areas are vortex cores. Each image was acquired after releasing a BEC from its magnetic trap, allowing it and the vortex cores to spatially expand enough to be optically resolved with a probe laser beam. Images provided by E. Cornell’s TOP trap team at JILA. Fundamental changes to the vortex lattice structure away from the equilibrium hexagonal pattern have also been observed.
    Fermion behavior is strongly constrained by Pauli’s exclusion principle. This, then, begs the question as to whether nonlinear atom optics is also possible with quantum-degenerate fermionic atoms. This naturally leads one to ask whether matter-wave four-wave mixing is also
    possible in a quantum-degenerate Fermi gas also.
    Realizing the tremendous potential of quantum many-body correlations for fundamental and applied research will require a significant investment in research infrastructure. For instance, new experimental methods have to be developed and implemented to cool gases of fermionic atoms or molecules and to probe their correlation functions; to develop hybrid devices comprising solid-state nanostructures and cold-atom systems; to synthesize new correlated-electron materials and structure them with atomic precision; and to detect and analyze the massive amount of data expected from the next generation of large-scale facilities for condensed matter research (such as neutron spallation sources and x-ray free-electron lasers). In addition, new ways to communicate and collaborate among the traditionally separate research centers concentrated on atomic and solid-state research will have to be explored in order to fully develop “quantum engineering” as a truly interdisciplinary research field.
    Heterostructure of the correlated-electron metal LaNiO3 and the wide-gap band insulator LaAlO3. According to analytical and numerical many-body calculations by researchers at the MPI for Solid State Research, this system is a candidate for "engineered" high-temperature superconductivity (J. Chaloupka and G. Khaliullin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 016404 (2008); P. Hansmann et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 016401 (2009)) . Experimental work to test this prediction is in progress at the same institute.

    Thanks to the works that will be carried out at JILA and N.I.S.T,Imperial college of technology ,Maxplanck instituteof Technology ,Germany and M.I.T this project will be completed soon.
    Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar on behalf of Renewable Energy Research Center,Cape Institute of Technology

    A)Main reference: Lunar boundary gravity twister force will be realized soon in solar panel -hybridized windmill blades with N.I metamaterial doping-reg [Incident: 110309-000015] news@nature.com
    B) 7) Zero pint Nyquist energy reversal points at water affined and air affined spinor Bossonova above and under the sea [Incident: 110313-000019] news@nature.com
    3) Windmill blade Optic lattices that may be designed out of boson-fermion gas combinations-reg [Incident: 110316-000021] news@nature.com

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    School of Physics, Devi Ahilya University, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 001, India
    ramak@physics.iisc.ernet.in

    1)Your call CNSHD811335 regarding Re: Newscenter Update: NASA's Hubble Rules Out One Alternative to Dark Energy has been received. Outreach@stsci.edu
    2) double-humbed Bossonova of self generating gravity acceleration in between the spinor twisters between -1,0 and +1,0 nyquist spinning dynamics-reg [Incident: 110315-000010] news@nature.com
    3)Your call CNSHD811505 regarding Overhang algorithm to shift the Tsunami magnified force of Tsunami using Blue slaggar dynamics-reg has been received. Outreach@stsci.edu

    Zero pint Nyquist energy reversal points at water affined and air affined spinor Bossonova above and under the sea:
    Citation: Our problem is to understanding the self generating energy amplification between -1,0 and +1,0 a reversal dynamical frequency shifts of spinning between spin opposing z dynamics of open loop instability gaining energy from environmental solar rays in forming a Nyquist Bossonova requires some investigation at segmental frequency spin selective poles along the opposite spin rings for infinite M gain that is what is happening there.
    In Tiny Supercooled Clouds, Physicists Exchange Light and Matter for z dynamical blue Cerenkov radiation transformation as left handed lock-up nature of Bose Einstein condensate could be quantum teleported at a faster rate using matter wave Cerenov algorithm as stroboscopic mass transfer dynamics a well as critically realized to disappear at z zone of square root 2c of opposite spins which will be our future quantum dynamic revolution says Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar based on the three plane shuffling matrix of cos theta,0,sin theta,-sin theta brutal chaotic chaos algorithm .The z dynamical disappearance of matter waves at Cerenkov radiation with doping of NI negative refractive index metamaterials vapour with bismuth –germanium doping as Bose condensate optic lattice can be replicated to realize the fast quantum matter wave replication and transformation with a controlled N.I refractive reversals this could be controlled for piezoelectric applications also. This has got a promising future technology applicable in artificial robotic systems.

    By 1932 feedback systems were used extensively in applications such as power generation and transmission, steering of ships, autopilots for aircrafts, and process control; see [2] and[3]. Theoretical investigations typically consisted of stability analysis. This was done by linearizing the equations describing the systems and investigating the roots of the characteristic equation by the Routh-Hurwitz method. Nice examples of this approach are found in the early textbook on turbine control byTolle [11] and in the analysis of an autopilot for ship steering by Minorsky [9]. A severe drawback with the approach was that the analysis gave no guidelines for modifying an unstable system to make it stable.
    This paper by Nyquist, and the closely related papers by Black and Bode, which are the second and third papers in this volume, represent a paradigm shift because they approached the problem of analyzing a feedback system in a totally different way..
    Black invented the electronic feedback amplifier, and Bode and Nyquist developed original and powerful theories for its analysis and design. Even though the work was strongly focused on feedback amplifiers, it became apparent several years later that the result could actually be applied to all control systems.
    Black, Bode, and Nyquist all worked at Western Electrical forerunner of Bell Laboratories. They were faced with a major challenge, namely to develop electronic feedback amplifiers for long telephone lines. Several telephone conversations were frequency multiplexed and sent over one line. The application required amplifiers that were linear with constant gain. The problem was aggravated because there were many amplifiers on the cables. The following quote from Bode in a paper [4] from 1960 illustrates the difficulties:
    Black's idea to introduce feedback made it feasible to build electronic amplifiers for the demanding telephone applications. Use of feedback did, however, create instabilities, which were called singing, because of the acoustic effects. The problemof understanding the mechanisms that created the instabilities
    and to avoid them was a key issue which was solved in Nyquist's paper. The problem of stability is intimately connected with feedback. Instabilities are frequently encountered whenever feedback is used. The problem of understanding the stability problem had earlier been a very strong motivation both for
    Maxwell [8], in connection with governors, and for Stodola [10], in connection with water turbines. Before the publication of Nyquist's paper, stability was investigated by studying the roots of the characteristic equation of the linearized equations of motion.
    Nyquist departed drastically from previous work by developing frequency domain criteria for stability. Instead of looking at the roots of a characteristic equation, Nyquist introduced the quantity AJ(jo)) as follows: of understanding the mechanisms that created the instabilities and to avoid them was a key issue which was solved in Nyquist's paper. The problem of stability is intimately connected with feedback. Instabilities are frequently encountered whenever feedback is used. The problem of understanding the stability problem had earlier been a very strong motivation both for Maxwell [8], in connection with governors, and for Stodola [10], in connection with water turbines. Before the publication of Nyquist's paper, stability was investigated by studying the roots of the characteristic equation of the linearized equations of motion.
    Nyquist departed drastically from previous work by developing frequency domain criteria for stability. Instead of looking at the roots of a characteristic equation, Nyquist introduced the quantity AJ(jo)) as follows: Let the complex quantity AJ(jo)) represent the ratio by which the amplifier and feedback circuit modify the current in one round trip."
    The quantity — AJ(s) is what is today called the loop transfer function of a feedback system and AJ(ja)) represents the steadystate transmissions of sinusoids around the loop. Because of the negative sign, the critical point in Nyquist's paper is +1 instead of — 1 as is commonly used today. It seemed intuitively reasonable that an oscillation could be maintained at a frequency COQ if AJ(jcoo) = 1
    But our problem is to understanding the self generating energy amplification between -1,0 and +1,0 a reversal dynamical frequency shifts of spinning between spin opposing z dynamics of open loop instability gaining energy from environmental solar rays in forming a Nyquist Bossonova requires some investigation at segmental frequency spin selective poles along the opposite spin rings for infinite M gain that is what is happening there.
    The long-range impact of Nyquist's paper on the emerging field of automatic control was even more profound. Previous methods for stability analysis based on a study of the roots of the characteristic equation provided no guidance on how to modify an unstable system to make it stable. Nyquist's results changed the situation completely. Since the basic quantity AJ is the product of the transfer function of the plant and the controller, it is straightforward to see how the controller should be modified to avoid the critical point. Nyquist thus provided a stability criterion that could be the basis of a design method. The key idea was to shape the Nyquist curve to obtain the desired properties.
    Nyquist's results were thus an inspiration for many of the design methods that are called today loop shaping. Nyquist also realized the importance of the quantity AJ which is called today the loop transfer function, which could be applied in air affined and water affined Bossonova dynamics.
    Nyquist Tsumani:In Tiny Supercooled water affined z dynamical Clouds,
    due to the earth platelets out of friction that exchange producing a
    shock wave in the form of a cone of light known as Cerenkov radiation.
    The eerie blue glow in the cooling water of nuclear reactors is result
    of particles moving faster than the speed of light in water. In normal
    substances, the radiation is emitted in a forward cone. Left-handed,
    Blue zone negative spin however, have unusual effects on light that
    should reverse the cone's direction. "The Bose-Einstein condensates
    are very important to this work because within these clouds atoms
    become phase-locked, losing their individuality and independence,"
    Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar says. "The lock-step nature of atoms in
    a Bose-Einstein condensate makes it possible for the information in
    the initial Nyquist first quadrant ever increasing omega frequency
    reversal dynamics that really gives a leading output than input by
    repeated frequency reversals build up a catastrophic event in Japan.
    This may be compared with Bossonova Tornado twister water affined
    Bossonova dynamics which may also be possible under the sea.
    But we have got another doubt as expressed by Sydney Sheldon as on
    previous occasions planetary boundary irradiation experimentation
    ,whether any Cerenkov radiation experiment was carried out using Piezo
    Lagrange –stoke antistoke advanced dynamics has been carried out and
    this has to be confirmed further. Furthermore, it is recognized that water, with its unique and incredible properties being only now fully realized, is the predominant player in nucleodynamics. Thus it is a natural, logical extension that humans, being living organisms with an abundance of water in their physical bodies, may well have the same capabilities. The speculation now being put forth, which challenges us all, is that humans, with only the stuff of their minds, may be capable of all the incredible technology which we have seen introduced in the last decades! To put it all into perspective, however, it might be worthwhile to consider a brief history, a review of the past years when cold fusion (which has become identified with: "space energy", "Zero-Point Energy", "vacuum energy", "quantum energy dynamics", and in a more logical term, "nucleodynamics") has become a household word. It all began, of course, with the well-publicized announcement of Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons on March 23, 1989, of their having achieved "excess heat" from what was supposedly a simple (at least in theory) electrolysis experiment And a possible experiments in xenon-bismuth –lithium niobate spinor experiments by N.I.ST. and JILA
    Our problem at CRERC is to understanding the self generating energy amplification between -1,0 and +1,0 a reversal dynamical frequency shifts of spinning between spin opposing z dynamics of open loop instability gaining energy from environmental solar rays in forming a Nyquist Acoustic Bossonova requires some investigation at segmental frequency spin selective poles along the opposite spin rings for infinite M gain that is what is happening there. The M gain may go to infinity at the point of frequency reversal first quadrant to second reversal horizontal dampness-frequency of x axis shifts.
    The Nyquist criterion for systems with poles on the imaginary axis
    The above consideration was conducted with an assumption that the open-loop transfer function G(s) does not have any pole on the imaginary axis (i.e. poles of the form 0 + jω). This results from the requirement of the argument principle that the contour cannot pass through any pole of the mapping function. The most common case are systems with integrators (poles at zero).
    To be able to analyze systems with poles on the imaginary axis, the Nyquist Contour can be modified to avoid passing through the point 0 + jω. One way to do it is to construct a semicircular arc with radius around 0 + jω, that starts at 0 + j(ω − r) and travels anticlockwise to 0 + j(ω + r). Such a modification implies that the phasor G(s) travels along an arc of infinite radius by − lπ, where l is the multiplicity of the pole on the imaginary axis.

    Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar

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