If you were here for Darwin Day 2008 you know what this is all about; a celebration of Darwin and all that his work has accomplished both during his lifetime and since.

  To spur participation from everyone, no matter where they are in the world or how much they write, we are giving away a complete three volume set of The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin which includes an autobiographical chapter from Sir Charles and was edited by his son Francis Darwin, printed in 1887.

It's a terrific addition to any Darwin collection and everyone who participates will automatically be entered in the drawing.

Darwin Day is an international celebration of Darwin's achievements in science held on February 12th, the day that Charles Darwin was born in 1809. The Darwin Day Celebration started with one event in 1995 and last year there were more than 850 Darwin Day events world-wide. Darwin Day festivities include debates, lectures, essay contests, film festivals and you can even have an "Evolution Banquet" with "Primordial Soup" followed by a "Darwin Fish Fry." Here we are mostly writing articles but if you have a fish fry, be sure to let us know and we'll link to it.
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If you have an event or activity or will be writing an article on Darwin or his works, leave a comment and we'll include it when this goes out for worldwide syndication.

So let's get going! If you can read them all, please let us know and we'll get you some kind of award; a coffee cup or a shirt or something.


Julia(the ethical paleontologist) also has a blog on, basically, dirt and she notes that Darwin wrote a lot more than one book, so she celebrates his work with compost. Which you don't see every day.


Pip Wilsom says happy birthday and debunks the notion that he converted to Christianity on his deathbed (though that would have been the safe thing to do, just in case) and cites son Francis writing in The Life And Letters of Charles Darwin.


Holy Schmoly is one of the religious people happy about the value of science and impact of Darwin - evolution taught him how to think. We didn't even know 'deconversion' was a word but "that's a story for another time" speaks volumes.


Dale at Faith In Honest Doubt reminds us that Darwin was not infallible and not a saint - indeed, his idea of natural selection predated Wallace by some 15 years but he only published after Wallace continued to get tantalizingly close from the Malay Archipelago. He even admires Darwin's prose, which also doesn't often happen.


Julia, The Ethical Paleontologist, much prefers Darwin the younger. And who wouldn't? As an elder statesman he was regarded as a great scientist but as a young man he was an adventurer and a naturalist, hated by no one.

Darwin knew he was on to something by 1837 - and he also knew it could be regarded as heresy. Those lines show in his older pictures.


How does the homeschooling family at The Voyage celebrate Darwin Day? With primates and cake and beaches. That actually sounds like a good way to spend every day of the year, actually.


The Humble Woocutter took Sir Charles out for a walk to celebrate his special day. Details of their adventures can be found here.


Rogue medic gives Ben Stein a science fail, which is nothing new in the science community, but also elegantly notes that Abraham Lincoln made the world a better place by suppressing a revolution and Darwin did so by starting one.


João Soares notes that Darwin loved the Azores too, so Portugal shouldn't be left out. If your Portugese is not too rusty, there is good stuff in here. And a tree of life video explanation.


Professor Massimo Pigliucci doesn't think much of Stony Brook University Neurosurgery Vice Chairman Michael Egnor's take on evolution in Forbes magazine and lets him know that biologists shouldn't talk about operating rooms and therefore ...


In the mood for a walk? How about the random kind, namely genetic drift?
Natural Selection is just one mechanism in the process. Because it's just one process, things can happen even if they are not beneficial and, because Ma Nature sometimes has a sense of humor, things can even go to a weird place on occasion.


A Darwin Day bit of bad news. A year ago, for Darwin Day 2008, Jeff Medkeff at Blue Collar Scientist wrote a brilliant,succinct piece so I am going to reprint a part here:
I’m currently fighting off a likely Streptococcus infection which I believe I caught on one of humanity’s new-fangled flying pathogen tubes - which I’ve noticed the megacorporations insist on calling airliners. My throat is currently a culture medium, rather than a properly functioning human wind- and food-hole.

So as I drag my ass down to the city offices today, I have a choice. On the one hand, I can decide that Strep comes from god. I can decide that my creator, and the creator of everything, has specially and specifically made an organism that makes its living by attaching itself to the tissues of another organism, causing it pain and suffering, and sucking the life out of it. I can decide that the god who did this is clearly malevolent - which seems to have been the default position of most of the stone-age religions I know about - or I can come up with some elaborate story about how my very nature is tainted by the activities of a concestor stretching back some hundreds of generations; that I suffer because I am evil, and that I am evil because someone ate some fruit thousands of years ago, or something like that.

Or, I can choose evolution. I can choose to believe the evidence that shows that Strep infects my throat not because some invisible sky-god is forcing it do so, but because this strain of Strep has evolved with a set of genes that allows it to take advantage of a convenient culture medium. I can take some comfort from evolution, knowing that the insane superstitious ramblings of my distant - and perhaps more recent - ancestors have nothing to do with the infection I have now; that the universe has not been designed in such a way that it is out to get back at me for something someone else did.

I can also learn from evolution that I had damn well better finish my antibiotics, or I stand a good chance of unleashing a highly virulent, antibiotic resistant strain of germ on my fellow people. Fellow people whom I value, and don’t want to infect. Not because they are the trivial and badly-designed constructions of some allegedly omnipotent sky god, and not because they worship the same sky god that I do (and damn the the ones that don’t), but because they are incredible manifestations of the natural world. They are organisms that I can prove, beyond any doubt, are all related to me. They are also organisms I find special - people, alone in the bushy tangled bank of life, seem to be able to understand the universe we find ourselves in, and people, therefore, have a special meaning for me. Because I value reality.

I can choose between evolution - an understanding that the universe is neutral, and that people and other life is to be valued - or I can choose religion - and believe the universe was made for me, but is now against me, and that only some life, only human life, and only human life I agree with, has any value or meaning.
Because this is the 200th anniversary of Darwin's birth, I let all of the participants in 2008 know about this year and I discovered that Jeff had died on August 3rd of 2008.

The infections he had talked about in that and other pieces were actually liver cancer.

Iatros Polygenos wrote a touching piece about Jeff's last weeks, days and minutes, including a visit to Darwin's grave and house in England shortly before he died.

Jeff will be missed. RIP.


In RNA, HIV, and the Origins of Life, Nicholas Horton says:
The central dogma of Molecular Genetics is that information flow is unidirectional: DNA to RNA to PROTEIN. That is, DNA holds the blueprints, RNA is the messenger, and Proteins are the constructed functional units of life. This dogma seems to hold for most of the species on the planet. From bacteria to humans to insects, the central dogma acts as a unifying theory of life’s architecture. But, there are a few key exceptions.

Exception, of course, being where all the magic of science happens.


What Can Goldilocks Can Teach Us About Natural Selection?
Natural selection is often much like Goldilocks - an organism's traits shouldn't be too hot or too cold; natural selection likes them just right. In other words, traits are under pressure to remain near an optimum. If they deviate too far, natural selection will not-so-gently prod things back to the center. This phenomenon is known as stabilizing selection.
Of similar importance, who are the three bears of natural selection?


How Would We Evolve If We Always Opened Beer Bottles With Our Teeth?
Imagine a world where the major source of human nutrition was beer. That may sound fantastic to some of you, but now imagine that, in this beer-world, there are no bottle openers and no twist-off caps. To get at the beer, you have to open the bottles with your teeth. Day in, day out, you're opening bottles with your teeth. If the world continued like this for a few thousand generations, how would the human jaw evolve into a better beer bottle opener?


Another Amazing Fossil: A Giant Tropical Snake
A group of researchers has discovered the fossil vertebra of the largest snake known to date. At an estimated 13 meters (about 42.6 feet) long, this monster, named appropriately Titanoboa, lived in tropical South America about 60 million years ago.

The Amphibious Ancestors of Whales
In what is now central Pakistan, an eight-and-a-half foot long, pregnant aquatic mammal went belly-up, and sank to the bottom of the shallow coastal waters. 47 million years later, a huckster by the name of Duane Gish denied that such mammals ever existed:

Poor Gene Copying and the Evolution of New Species

30 Days Of Evolution Blogging: Who Is Writing "The DaVinci Code" About Biology?
Where Is "The DaVinci Code" Of Biology?  I should be able to get this Hollywood movie made in two paragraphs.  

What a New Fossil Tells Us About New Zealand's Watery Past
A tuatara may look like an iguana, but it's a reptile in a category all its own. Tuataras are most closely related to lizards and snakes, but in some ways they are oddballs among reptiles, with unique characteristics among reptiles, like their affinity for cool weather, their nocturnal lifestyle, a third eye on top of the skull, and vertebrae that more closely resemble those of fish and amphibians than reptiles.

Jerry Coyne: A Letter To Darwin - Here's What Has Happened In The Last 150 Years
Happy 200th birthday! I hope you are as well as can expected for someone who has been dead for nearly 130 years. I suppose that your final book, the one about earthworms, has a special significance for you these days.

30 Days of Evolution Blogging: The Long View
It is well-known that I dig on evolutionary theory (as well as BBQ and pie). But, come on. The 150th anniversary? The 200th birthday?

30 Days Of Evolution Blogging: What Tiktaalik Roseae Means To You And Me
In 2004 a University of Chicago researcher discovered something every evolutionary biologist knew had to exist - a missing link between land animals and fishes.

30 Days Of Evolution Blogging: The Origin of Galapagos Plume in Bloom
Charles Darwin wrote in 1835 about the Galapagos Islands:

Yet Another Gene to Create Species
Yesterday we discussed the discovery of a gene that keeps mouse subspecies from producing fertile hybrid offspring. In other words, a gene that is putting a reproductive barrier between incipient mouse species.

Hunting for Genes that Keep Species Separate
Speciation Genetics is, in a sense, an oxymoron. Genetics is the study of heritable characteristics, but the researchers who study speciation genetics are looking for genes that cause inheritance to fail. 

Deciphering the Tracks of Evolution in Our Genomes
How did we become human? You can ask the same question in a slightly different way: how did we become different from chimps? 

Size Matters for Plants Too
Reproduction involves some tricky trade-offs for all species, and anyone who has watched a David Attenborough film knows that you can find a wide range of reproductive strategies in nature.

Coffee Break Science Browsing
It's Friday and time for a coffee break.  Looking for more Darwin reading? (If you're already sick of the Darwin Bicentennial, you're in for a loooong year.)

Putting Evolution in Reverse
How do two populations change genetically when they are subjected to different evolutionary pressures? To answer this question, many intrepid evolutionary biologists have trudged out into the field to painstakingly study wild populations, but in many cases, we can learn more by studying evolution in the lab.

Primitive Dinosaur Feathers
Birds are the modern day descendants of dinosaurs, or as paleontologist Kevin Padian likes to say, birds are dinosaurs. But how did birds evolve from grounded, naked reptiles into plumed aviators?


Open2.net, the Open University, is giving away a free 'Tree of Life" poster to UK and Ireland residents in celebration of Darwin Day 2009 - http://www.open2.net/darwin/poster.html


To mark the 200th birthday of Charles Darwin, MIT will host a conference January 22-24 that will celebrate the famed naturalist's life and examine a wide spectrum of topics related to evolution. Speakers include: Kerry Emanuel, MIT; Russell Fernald, Stanford; Farish Jenkins, Harvard; Jonathan King, MIT; Diane Newman, MIT and many others. Agenda:http://sites.google.com/site/darwinbicentennial/register


Scientific Blogging scribe John Dennehy notes that Queens College in NY is having a Day for Darwin Friday February 13 2009 9:00AM - 1:00PM at the LeFrak Concert Hall.


Christie Wilcox at Citizenship.typepad.com is putting together a Darwin carnival so take a look and send your blogging links there.


Auntie Em from University College London says they are having a Darwin Day lecture on the site of Charles Darwin's former home at UCL. Topic: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/lhl/lhlpub_spring09/08_120209The Evolution of Evolution by Dr. Beau Lotto.
The second law of thermodynamics states that a natural system will with time become increasingly random. There are, however, two kinds of natural system: those that follow this law and those that don’t. Living systems are of the second kind. Unlike the waves on the surface of the North Sea or an avalanche tumbling down the side of Ben Nevis, living structures ‘have a purpose’ … to survive, to invert the relentless move towards randomness – at least for a while. The brain is arguably the most complicated of these and thus one of the most difficult to describe. What is more, if we are to explain the brain we must first understand the code hidden in its described structure. Here, in celebration of Darwin’s ‘Origin of the Species’, we will talk about what this code might be and how it evolved … but not in the real world. Instead we will talk about the evolution of virtual agents in synthetic worlds and how this may help explain how natural brains halt the perpetual walk to randomness.


Steve Robinson is having a Darwin Day Beach Observance
  • Where: Ormond Beach, Florida - Starting on the beach north of the natural area signs at the beach access at Granada Blvd (Hwy 40) and ending 1 mile north. Extra parking behind LuLu’s Restaurant. (Natural beach area – no cars allowed)
  • Who – Everyone, else why would we help them promote it? The world needs less selfish science media sites, not more.
  • What – 200 sea turtle sculptures to mark each year since Charles Darwin’s birth (2/12/1809). We will attempt to make 200 sea turtles each one in a 10 ft diameter circle and each circle 16 feet apart in a straight line stretching 1 mile long on the beach near the latest high tide water mark. The idea is watch them disappear into the next high tide thus marking the end of Charles Darwin’s birthday.
  • When – Thursday February 12, 2009 beginning at noon (Rain or Shine) The 1st high tide is ~9 am Eastern Daylight Saving Time so by starting at noon the tide should take the turtles by dark (2nd high tide at 9 pm DST).
  • Why – To observe Darwin’s birthday in a free, natural, fun, family-friendly, and non-controversial way! (Not a science vs. religion debate) - this is our favorite part, not taking the opportunity to just smack around religious people. Evolution already won, people. It's time to act like winners.
  • Rules – Sea Turtle sculptures are to be made of sand and shells only (non- polluting). The best turtle sculpture is the one you help make!
  • Bonus -Feb. 12 is also the tentative date for the Space Shuttle Discovery Launch and the beach is a great spot to get a good view of it!


Evolution Matters, a series of evening lectures, will feature Harvard professors discussing evolutionary theory, the impact of Darwin’s work, and their own research. For learners of all ages, two weekend family programs in February will celebrate Darwin’s life and work. Lectures:

* Darwin at 200: Rethinking the Revolution
* Evolution in the Post-Genomic Age
* Survival of the Swiftest, Smartest, or Fattest? Human Evolution 150 Years After Darwin
* One Beetle Too Many: The Extraordinary Adventures of Charles Darwin
* An Afternoon with Charles Darwin


From Robert Olley: Sir Arthur Eddington used delightful evolutionary parables to show how we naturally tend to a Newtonian view, and have such trouble with Relativity and Quantum Theory.   Since it's Darwin Year, I would like to relate one of my own, in the form of a conversation between a Tyrannosaurus and a Triceratops.

Tyr: You’ve been pretty unhappy lately. It’s all that religion, isn’t it?

Tri: But don’t you see what’s written on the rock wall over there – ‘The Mammals shall inherit the Earth’?

Tyr: You don’t want to pay any attention to that. Getta load of this instead!

Tri: What’s that you’re reading?

Tyr: ‘The Origin of Species’ by Charles Darwin. Survival of the Fittest – that’s me! – and you too, in your veggie old way.

Tri: I suppose you’re right, but ….

Tyr: Oh, come along! You don’t think God’s going to wipe us all out with a bolt from Heaven, do you?


What happened to the captain who took Darwin on his famous Beagle journey? Fitzroy and Darwin argued quite bit during their journey, it seems - and Fitzroy would have a tragic end. Read it all at Providentia.


When you are finished, you can head over to Skeptic's Play and read about one thing Darwin got wrong - the flatfish,

More links:

Vishal D. Murthy's blog

goodSchist - geology and planetary science. done good

12 Days of Darwin sung, appropriately enough to the Christmas tune we all know and love, though the gifts are cooler.