The issue at hand: a student with Asperger's Syndrome feels the teacher withholds recess breaks at a whim; the teacher feels that withholding recess is reinforcing the consequences of the student's actions. From their personal viewpoints, each of them is correct. Clearly, there is bad communication or signaling going on here.
Note I use the shorthand 'Aspie' for 'someone with Asperger's syndrome', itself either a form of high-functioning autism, or a related pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), and the term 'neurotypical' to describe someone who does not have Asperger's.
On Rules Processing
This Aspie Student does understand the general rules in that he can repeat
them, but it's very common with Aspies to have a mismatch between what
an authority figure thinks is a reasonable sequence of events, and what
the Aspie perceives.
One thing to distinguish is 'memory' from 'application'. The Student can
quote back rules, however, the application of those rules is still a
difficult topic of study. To give an extreme example, most of us can
handle the general rule 'do not talk during class' because we understand
the framing and social assumptions with that. But what does that
statement really say?
1) Do not talk during class.
2) Unless the teacher calls on you.
3) Or unless it's group interaction time.
4) And if another student talks and doesn't get punished, that doesn't mean you can.
5) Absolutely never talk during tests.
6) Unless you have a question about the test, then you can talk.
7) Except if your question isn't what the teacher considers relevant, you're in trouble.
8) Also, do talk up if you're being bullied or there is a problem.
9) However, if the teacher doesn't agree with your opinion, you'll be in trouble.
10) Fortunately, if you break any of these
rules, the teacher will remind you "don't talk in class".
Broken out like that, it seems (to a neurotypical) artificially complex. But that's how literal processing works.
best way to think of it is that, to this Student, each classroom is a foreign
country. Scouts or a Sport or Church are likewise foreign countries. Excursions are foreign
trips. Some of the countries are similar and some are different, but
they all have foreign customs that must be memorized and sequenced--
they can't just be assumed.
Until next week,
Tuesdays at The Satellite Diaries and weekly at The Daytime Astronomer (twitter @skyday)
p.s. an apology
Having me discuss how people with autism and Aspergers syndrome think is
a perilous task. Not being of that population, it's akin to me saying
"this is how a foreigner thinks" and thus it fails on two levels.
First, my lay analogy mistakenly assumes the involved population are all
the same, that there's one 'way of thought' they all follow. Second, a
genuine thought model would require specialized training in, say,
psychology or neurolinguistics or something other than 'space science'.
However, I found myself forced to create an analogy while arguing with a
public school system about rules enforcement against a specific student with
Aspergers. And in this, I feel comforted by the fact that, whether my
analogy is strong or weak matters much less than the fact that the
school is so far off the mark that any analogy can only help.
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- Neil Tyson On The Politics Of Science Denial
- Corals: Not So Passive, They Are Nature's Tiny Engineers
- Global 'Roadmap' Shows Where To Put Roads Without Costing The Earth
- Mutating Ebola Viruses Not As Scary As Evolving Ones
- Low Carb Vs. Low Fat Diets: Which Is Better?
- How The Higgs Became The Target Of Run 2 At The Tevatron
- Raloxifene: X-Ray Scattering Reveals A New Mode Of Action For Osteoporosis Drug
- "when it comes to vaccine denial, the left representation is far greater than global warming denial..."
- "Hank - You are probably a nice guy and mean well. But Tyson on Cosmos re Global Warming was like..."
- "The whole thing would be sad if it weren't so destructive...."
- "I criticized Cosmos before it was cool - the show butchered the history of Bruno and it was clearly..."
- "There sure is a lot of feelings talk, conjecture, and straight up name calling/personal insults..."
- Residency training predicts physicians' ability to practice conservatively
- Experiences make you happier than possessions -- Before and after
- Enzyme controlling metastasis of breast cancer identified
- Study links sex hormone levels in the blood to risk of sudden cardiac arrest
- Food supplements plus cash to poor families reduces rates of child malnutrition in Niger