Banner
    Black Hole In Our Backyard?
    By Johannes Koelman | November 6th 2012 12:53 PM | 4 comments | Print | E-mail | Track Comments
    About Johannes

    I am a Dutchman, currently living in India. Following a PhD in theoretical physics (spin-polarized quantum systems*) I entered a Global Fortune

    ...

    View Johannes's Profile
    Scaling down the observable universe to make it fit within our moon's orbit, the Milky Way gets reduced to a village. We live close to the edge of this village, at a comfortable distance from the central marketplace, where a giant black hole is known to be lurking. 

    Now, this peaceful picture is brutally disturbed by an international group of astronomers who bring us the message that a black hole of at least a hundred solar masses is likely to ambush us in our own backyard


    Theta Orionis, a fuzzy star in Orion's sword harbouring a massive black hole?


    Ok, in true astronomical distances our 'backyard' is at a safe distance of more than a thousand light years, but the above makes it abundantly clear that for an astronomer this black hole is close.

    Really close.

    And that is good news as it brings the stars surrounding this black hole within comfortably reach of any decent amateur telescope. Or even within reach of a powerful binocular. Aim your telescope or binocular at the constellation known as Orion, and locate the central star in Orion's sword. In your telescope this central star will reveal itself as a fuzzy object known as Orion's Nebula. At the heart of this nebula you will see four bright stars arranged in a trapezoidal shape: Theta Orionis, better know as the Trapezium Cluster. Together these stars, each weighing in at a dozen to a few dozen suns, are responsible for illuminating Orion's Nebula. This illumination is bright enough to render Orion's Nebula observable in the night sky from almost any city, no matter how bad the light pollution. It is this brightness and the extent of this nebula (roughly two moon diameters) that has made astronomers referring to this nebula as the "Great Orion Nebula".

    The trapezium cluster was discovered by Galileo almost four centuries ago. The stars in this cluster have been studied since, and we know already for some time there is more than just four stars in this cluster. We also known these stars to be in a fast whirling motion. This motion has puzzled astronomers and was never fully resolved. And now a few astronomers claim that to explain this whirling motion you have to assume a black hole of at least a hundred solar masses at the center of the trapezium cluster.

    Since I first directed a telescope at the night sky, Orion's Nebula has been my favorite object. Once you have looked through a telescope at this massive gas and dust cloud, it is no longer a surprise this stellar nursery is often referred to as to the Great Nebula in Orion or the Great Orion Nebula. Just the suspicion of a massive black hole lurking at the center of this massive cloud, forcing its newborn stars to enter a lethal dance, makes this astronomical object even more compelling.

    Whether the suspicion of a black hole being located in Orion's Trapezium Cluster stands up to scrutiny remains to be seen. If confirmed, astronomers will learn a lot by inspecting their backyard.

    Comments

    does anyone proofread these posts? yow.

    MikeCrow
    Is there be a Black Hole hiding here?
    Telescope view of Trapezium
    Never is a long time.
    I sympathize with the Orionians headed our way. They are escaping from their black hole's death grip, hoping to find greener pastures on Earth.

    However, charity has its limits. Those chitinous, bug-eyed monsters must not evict us from our homes! If we can mine the Oort cloud along the likely vector of their arrival, we can catch them long before they expect to encounter determined resistance.

    I am volunteering to have my mind uploaded to the control circuitry of an autonomous mine-laying craft that will ply the cold wastes for centuries, so that future generations may stay safe and sound. The President has not yet responded to my entreaties, but if I can just get close enough to him to press my 220-page proposals into his hands, I am sure he will be receptive.

    Demosthenes
    Wouldn't the massive black hole distort the light so bad that they shouldn't just be fuzzy? I feel like there is one there, looking at it. But I'm not sure how massive it is.