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    Resolvins: How Aspirin And Omega-3 Fatty Acids Work Together To Fight Inflammation
    By News Staff | February 22nd 2013 09:25 AM | 3 comments | Print | E-mail | Track Comments

    The health benefits of low-dose aspirin and omega-3 fatty acids in foods like flax seeds and salmon are touted frequently but the detailed mechanisms involved in their effects are not fully known.

    A report in Chemistry&Biology says that aspirin helps trigger the production of resolvins, molecules that are naturally made by the body from omega-3 fatty acids. These resolvins shut off, "resolve," the inflammation that underlies destructive conditions such as inflammatory lung disease, heart disease, and arthritis.

    The researchers also confirmed that aspirin treatment triggered the production of a longer acting form of resolvin D3 through a different pathway. "Aspirin is able to modify an inflammatory enzyme to stop forming molecules that propagate inflammation and instead produce molecules from omega-3 fatty acids, like resolvin D3, that help inflammation to end," explains co-author Dr. Nicos Petasis of the University of Southern California. 




    This shows key molecules (DHA, aspirin, AT-RvD3) and cells undergoing actions promoted by AT-RvD3 (i.e. macrophages phagocytosing apoptotic cells). Credit:  Chemistry & Biology, Dalli et al.

    The team went on to reveal detailed information about resolvin D3. "We were able to produce by chemical synthesis both resolvin D3 and aspirin-triggered resolvin D3 in pure form, which allowed us to establish their complete structures and biological activities," says Petasis.

    When administered to human cells, both of these resolvins demonstrated potent anti-inflammatory actions. When given to mice, the compounds also stimulated the resolution of inflammation in the body. 


     "In this report, we found that one resolvin, termed resolvin D3 from the omega-3 fatty acid DHA, persists longer at sites of inflammation than either resolvin D1 or resolvin D2 in the natural resolution of inflammation in mice," said senior author Dr. Charles Serhan of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. "This finding suggests that this late resolution phase resolvin D3 might display unique properties in fighting uncontrolled inflammation. 

    "We also identified the human receptor that is activated by resolvin D3, which is critical in understanding how resolvin D3 works in the body to resolve inflammation. With this new information, investigators will now also be able to study the pro-resolving and anti-inflammatory actions of resolvin D3 in other systems."


    Comments

    Aspirin is not needed to cause the release of or more correctly the modification of membrane bound Omega 3's to become bioactive resolvins any more than aspirin is needed to release eicosanoids from Omega 3's. All that is required is a high level of Omega3's in the membrane as one would find below a 4 to 1 ratio of omega6/3. Bill Land's work has mapped this out clearly for cardiac prevention and it will work for other inflammation based illnesses. No aspirin, statins or other drugs needed!

    stevemorris
    Dr Dave, do you have a link for this? The benefit of taking low-dose aspirin for reducing risk of heart attacks seems to be universally accepted.
    Active blogger and tech reviewer, passive physicist.
    Interesting information! A friend told me that aspirin can help prevent heart attack and as far as I know omega 3 fatty acid is also beneficial to our health particularly in our cardiovascular system.