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Earth's 24 Hour Daily Rotation Period Found Encoded In Cyanobacterial Cells

A collaborative group of Japanese researchers has demonstrated that the Earth's daily rotation...

High-Fat Diet And Natural Hormone May Alleviate Mitochondrial Disease

Mice that have a genetic version of mitochondrial disease can easily be mistaken for much older...

Rats Dream Paths To A Brighter Future

When rats rest, their brains simulate journeys to a desired future such as a tasty treat, finds...

Vegan Diets Works Better For Weight Loss Than Vegetarian Or Atkins

A vegan diet remains controversial because it is in defiance of our evolutionary mandate - it is...

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Stars don't die without being noticed and sometimes the results are pretty spectacular.  At the end of its life cycle, a star begins to collapse and throws new material into space, which eventually becomes incorporated into new planets and life.

How evolution can bridge the gap between two discrete physiological states is a question that puzzles biologists and therefore delights critics.

Most evolutionary changes happen in tiny increments; an elephant grows a little larger, a giraffe's neck a little longer and if those tiny changes prove advantageous there is a better chance of passing them to the next generation, which might then add its own mutations until you may end up with a huge pachyderm or the stretched neck of a giraffe.

But when it comes to traits like the number of wings on an insect or limbs on a primate there is no apparent middle ground. How are these sorts of large evolutionary leaps made?

Ever say someone's actions were 'in their genes'?   That's not only a simplification, according to a group of University of Iowa scientists, scientists who have debated nature versus nurture for centuries are guilty of 'intellectual laziness.'

They support evolution but not the idea that genes are a one-way path to specific traits and behaviors. Instead, they argue that development involves a complex system in which genes and environmental factors constantly interact.
Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, which describes how the gravity of a massive object like a star can curve space and time, has been successfully used to predict the bending of starlight by the sun, small shifts in the orbit of the planet Mercury and the phenomenon known as gravitational lensing.
Americans used more solar, nuclear, biomass and wind energy in 2008 than they did in 2007, according to energy flow charts released by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and less coal and petroleum during the same time frame.

Natural gas consumption and geothermal energy use remained the same.

The estimated U.S. energy use in 2008 equaled 99.2 quadrillion BTUs ("quads"), down from 101.5 quadrillion BTUs in 2007.   A BTU, or British Thermal Unit, is a unit of measurement for energy, and is equivalent to about 1.055 kilojoules.
According to a recent poll by the National Sleep Foundation, 27 percent of Americans say economic concerns are keeping them awake at night.

But it may not be just stress.  According to the poll, 47 percent of the sleepless are very likely to use caffeinated beverages like coffee, tea and sodas during the day to compensate for their sleepiness and the use of artificial stimulants and insomnia are correlated. The majority of people who have difficulty sleeping report using those substances. 

“Stress and anxiety can definitely impact sleep,” says Sunil Mathews, M.D., medical director of the Sleep Center at Baylor Medical Center at Irving. “And unfortunately, insomnia can turn into a vicious cycle.”