Science & Society

The extraordinary synod of bishops on family is meeting for two weeks at the Vatican. Credit: EPA/L'Osservatore Romano

By Timothy Jones, La Trobe University

Lazy literal translations are no excuse for insensitivity. Bakla may translate as gay and the Philippine culture may respect transwomen in a different manner than we do in the US but the US and EU media ought not call Jennifer Laude,  Jeffery or He even if that is the literal translation of the words! Bakla translates as transwoman not gay man when applied to someone like Jennifer Laude. 
Many in the media have rather carelessly, or even maliciously, used headlines such as.  

Having children young and a dysfunctional romantic relationship are the two most frequently cited reasons when low-income mothers are asked about why they find themselves in poverty, say sociology scholars Kristin Mickelson of the School of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Arizona State University, and Emily Hazlett of Kent State University in Sex Roles.

They believe that how a woman answers the question of "why me?" when thinking about her own impoverished state influences her mental health and that such answers can also provide clues to whether the woman believes she will ever rise out of poverty. 

They concluded this after analysis of a set of close-ended questions that were put to a community sample of 66 low-income mothers. 

We’ve been having a lot of interesting items here on Science 2.0 coming from an Anglo-Oz joint venture called The Conversation,.  One that struck me most forcibly has been Masculinity And Terror: The Missing Conversation, linked to a paper When Ba

Pulsars were discovered by a woman, Jocelyn Bell. Credit: Wikimedia

By Hazel Hall, Edinburgh Napier University

What was the greatest astronomical discovery of the 20th century?

Some would say pulsars – highly magnetized, rotating neutron stars emitting beams of electromagnetic radiation. The scientific world was informed of these in a paper published by Nature in 1968.

It's Ada Lovelace day. Image credit: unknown

By Jan Bogg, University of Liverpool

Throughout the year there are special days that see newsagents fill with celebratory cards. Perhaps punched cards would be more appropriate for Ada Lovelace Day, which marks both the mathematical prowess of the woman dubbed the “first computer programmer” and the cultural barriers she faced – those women in science and technical fields still face today.

Though the American economy remains in a malaise, with alarming numbers of people chronically unemployed for so long they no longer are considered unemployed because they can't get unemployment benefits any more, two areas have been exempt from that - government employees and new college graduates.

Unlike the rest of the economy, those two sections never had negative growth and now hiring is expected to jump a whopping 16 percent for newly minted degree-holders in 2014-15, according to Recruiting Trends, the annual survey by Michigan State University economist Phil Gardner with responses from nearly 5,700 companies. 

If you have read mainstream media reports on suicides, you recognize a common theme: men are painted as angry and rejected, while women are regarded as sociable and mentally ill.

A new analysis of daily newspaper coverage of suicide has far-reaching consequences, write scholars from Medical University of Vienna, because when it comes to suicidal behavior, there is a clear gender paradox: the ratio of men to women who actually commit suicide is three to one, but with attempted suicides it is just the opposite - three women for every one man. 

The authors say the findings demonstrate that the cultural script that bears partial responsibility for this is also found in the reports by Austrian daily newspapers.

The pale blue dot. Credit: NASA

By Monica Grady, The Open University

World Space Week is one of a series of events co-ordinated by the UN to celebrate the global nature of space exploration. It was established in 1999.