Science & Society

Under siege. Parents in confusion by Dmitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock

By Dennis Hayes, University of Derby

Students at the City Colleges of Chicago may have to do without textbooks until as late as mid October.  While the students are as bright as any they need their books, for reference, and a sense of security.  They need reassurance that what they are about to write on their homework is right.   My lectures, OneNote notes, PowerPoints, and websites can only make up for so much.  This is the case across many courses, at all campuses, in our for college credit curriculum. Not just my courses but many others as well.

When you read something in a book, do you believe it?

You might say, “Of course not if it’s fiction,” but well-researched historical or science fiction can offer plenty of accurate information, entertainingly packaged. Nonfiction, on the other hand, might seem true by definitionbut what about memoirs? Polemics? Even textbooks tend to be outdated at best, if not outright biased.

Though perception is that academia is harder on women when it comes to career and families, and they need to adopt a more corporate approach to penalize mothers less, it isn't just women; one third of men in academic science scale back their careers to focus on family life, according to surveys.

It's uncommon for there to be reanalyses of data from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) - once a product has failed, it isn't smart to keep putting more money into it.

Like most young people, the first job is not the best job and they will often leave when a better opportunity comes along. 

There is strong demand for nurses so it's no surprise that there is turnover among young ones. Once they prove they can do the job, hospitals and practices are going to recruit them and pay higher salaries, because they are not paying training costs.

A study in the current issue of Policy, Politics&Nursing Practice reveals that an estimated 17.5 percent of newly-licensed RNs leave their first nursing job within the first year and one in three (33.5%) leave within two years. The scholars found that turnover for this group is lower at hospitals than at other health care settings.

Before they reach young adulthood, many children in the United States will experience their parents separating, divorcing, finding another partner or getting remarried. 

When families change structure, it is more common for children to exhibit behavior problems, such as aggression and defiance, and a new psychology paper say that behavior problems in children increased in high-income families most, and that children's age also played a part in their likelihood of having behavior problems.

Moving from a single-parent family into a step-parent family then improved children's behavior in higher-income families but not in lower-income families.

A Ripper murder, Illustrated Police news, c. 1888.

By Rosalind Crone, The Open University

A panic erupted in Britain 126 years ago.

At daybreak on Saturday September 8, the mutilated body of Annie Chapman, a prostitute, had been found in the back yard of 29 Hanbury Street, Spitalfields.

Her injuries and the removal of some of her abdominal organs led investigators and journalists to link Chapman’s murder with that of another woman, only a week earlier.

If depictions of animals in ancient Egyptian artifacts are an accurate climate record, they have helped scholars assemble a detailed record of the large mammals that lived in the Nile Valley over the past 6,000 years.

They then determined that species extinctions, probably caused by a drying climate and growing human population, made the ecosystem progressively less stable. 

Dora grows up. Credit: Lisa West Photography, CC BY-NC-ND

By Bruce Fuller, University of California, Berkeley