Note I use the shorthand 'Aspie' for 'someone with Asperger's syndrome', itself either a form of high-functioning autism, or a related pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), and the term 'neurotypical' to describe someone who does not have Asperger's.
On Rules Processing
This Aspie Student does understand the general rules in that he can repeat them, but it's very common with Aspies to have a mismatch between what an authority figure thinks is a reasonable sequence of events, and what the Aspie perceives.
One thing to distinguish is 'memory' from 'application'. The Student can quote back rules, however, the application of those rules is still a difficult topic of study. To give an extreme example, most of us can handle the general rule 'do not talk during class' because we understand the framing and social assumptions with that. But what does that statement really say?
1) Do not talk during class.
2) Unless the teacher calls on you.
3) Or unless it's group interaction time.
4) And if another student talks and doesn't get punished, that doesn't mean you can.
5) Absolutely never talk during tests.
6) Unless you have a question about the test, then you can talk.
7) Except if your question isn't what the teacher considers relevant, you're in trouble.
8) Also, do talk up if you're being bullied or there is a problem.
9) However, if the teacher doesn't agree with your opinion, you'll be in trouble.
10) Fortunately, if you break any of these rules, the teacher will remind you "don't talk in class".
Broken out like that, it seems (to a neurotypical) artificially complex. But that's how literal processing works.
The best way to think of it is that, to this Student, each classroom is a foreign country. Scouts or a Sport or Church are likewise foreign countries. Excursions are foreign trips. Some of the countries are similar and some are different, but they all have foreign customs that must be memorized and sequenced-- they can't just be assumed.
Until next week,
Tuesdays at The Satellite Diaries and weekly at The Daytime Astronomer (twitter @skyday)
p.s. an apology
Having me discuss how people with autism and Aspergers syndrome think is a perilous task. Not being of that population, it's akin to me saying "this is how a foreigner thinks" and thus it fails on two levels.
First, my lay analogy mistakenly assumes the involved population are all the same, that there's one 'way of thought' they all follow. Second, a genuine thought model would require specialized training in, say, psychology or neurolinguistics or something other than 'space science'.
However, I found myself forced to create an analogy while arguing with a public school system about rules enforcement against a specific student with Aspergers. And in this, I feel comforted by the fact that, whether my analogy is strong or weak matters much less than the fact that the school is so far off the mark that any analogy can only help.