P. pseudoginseng Wall. A very rare 30-60 cm tall erect herb distributed in the interior temperate mountainous regions of Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal and China, recorded in the Western Himalayas from Pithoragarh district in Uttar Pradesh.
Common Uses . Ginseng is used as a stimulant and aromatic bitter, stomachic and demulcent, and is considered alliterative, carminative, tonic, expectorant and antipyretic. It is used as a masticatory. It is reputed to have a sedative effect on the cerebrum and a mildly stimultating action on the vital centers. It is also a gonadotrophic agent containing little toxic substance. Ginseng has a deep influence on metabolism and prevents the development of atherosclerosis. It has the capacity of reducing high blood pressure and raising low blood pressure to the normal level. For this reason, it is admininstered in cases of hypertension and hypotension.
Similar crude drugs P. ginseng Mey., P. quinquefolium Linn. and P. japonicus Mey. are the principal sources of Chinese (Asiatic), American and Japanese ginseng, respectively. Four different plant species related to the commercial ginseng, commonly found in India are: P.bipinnatifidus, P. burkillianus Bennet&Viswanathan, P. pseudoginseng Wall. and P. sikkimensis Banerjee. Of these, P. pseudoginseng provides the Chinese wonder drug, "Sanchi" used to cure a number of diseases including cancer.
Chemical Constituent Indian pseudoginseng has been found to be a rich source of oleanolic acid saponins while dammarane saponins are present in minor quantities. Saponin fraction of pseudoginseng displayed adaptogenic, immunostimulant and anti-inflammatory activities comparable with Korean ginseng. The saponins also inhibited carrageenin-induced oedema. Macrophage migration index was raised by treatment with these saponins.
The active principles present in ginseng have not been clearly characterized. The drug from both the Chinese and Amercian sources was reported to contian a glcoside, panaquilon, besides a saponin (0.75-1%), a bitter substance, resin, tannin, volatile oil (contaning a terpene, panacen), sugars, starch and mucilage. Chinese ginseng was reported to contain also vitamins of the B group, colonin (a spermine like base), a phytosterol, and a steriod hormone with a pronounced estrogenic activity.
Comments A small genus of perennial herbs distributed in the north temperate zone in East Asia and North America. Two species, P. quinquefolium and P. schinseng, supply the drug, Amercian and Chinese Ginseng Root respectively. They do not occur in India but ginseng roots are probably imported; data relating to their import are not available.
P. schinseng Nees syn. P. ginseng Mey. (ASIATIC or CHINESE GINSENG) is a perennial herb indigenous to the forests of eastern Asia and cultivated in northern China, Korea and Japan. It was previously the only source of the drug in China but the supply has become so limited that it is now largely met by the import of ginseng root obtained from P. quinquefolium of America. P. quinquefolium Linn. (AMERICAN GINSENG) is a glabrous herb, 15-45 cm. high, indigenous to eaten U.S.A. and Canada. The root is collected from plants growing wild and also cultivated. The plant can be propagated from seeds. Roots are dug from 5-6 year old plants, washed carefully and dried. Most of the roots gathered in U.S.A. and Canada are exported to China.
P. ginseng Mey., P. quinquefolium Linn. and P. japonicus Mey. are the principal sources of Chinese (Asiatic), American and Japanese ginseng, respectively. Four different plant species related to the commercial ginseng, commonly found in India are: P.bipinnatifidus, P. burkillianus Bennet&Viswanathan, P. pseudoginseng Wall. and P. sikkimensis Banerjee. Of these, P. pseudoginseng provides the Chinese wonder drug, "Sanchi" used to cure a number of diseases including cancer. American ginseng, with almost identical properties as the Asiatic ginseng, is now being used to a large extent in modern medicine. India imports true ginseng mainly from Indonesia and Singapore.
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- Wait, Let's Not Rush To Be Multiplanetary Or Interstellar - A Comment On Elon Musk's Vision
- Bizarre Forelimb Evolution In Ancient Drepanosaurus Fossil
- Ground Squirrels Use The Sun To Hide Food
- Paleo: In A Clinical Trial, Bread Made With Ancient Grains Could Benefit Heart Health
- The Social Psychology of Presidential Election Polls, Part 1 of 2
- Study Explains Mechanisms Behind Glioblastoma Influence On The Immune System
- A Book By Guido Tonelli
- "No, no cause for concern at all :). It's just a new moon, such as happens once a month. When the..."
- "Nice quote! I googled around for this a bit more and stumbled on a graph that showed earth's energy..."
- "hey robert you ta knowing that tomorrow will be a phenomenon on the moon called black moon ???..."
- "Oh, that's a really interesting point, hadn't thought of that. I agree! Perhaps the most advanced..."
- "Yes that's what I'm saying :). If you want more reassurance do message me on quora, quite a few..."
- Kratom Is A Drug By Any Measure - Treat It Like One
- San Francisco Soda Tax: A Feel-Good Policy Based on Junk Science
- Watson and Crick did not discover DNA
- Is Parenting Kids of Human and Canine Persuasion the Same? Yes!
- Diabetes: MiniMed 670G Hybrid Closed-Loop Insulin System Is A Waypoint To An Artificial Pancreas
- Celebrate Oktoberfest with Beer Chemistry
- 51 U.S. House Members Urges DEA To Delay "Hasty" Ban On Natural Herbal Supplement Kratom
- Women are a quarter of the 1 percent
- Wetlands and agriculture, not fossil fuels, behind the global rise in methane
- Mass immigration is correlated to higher levels of crime, but not causal
- How would you like a kitchen surface that cleans itself?