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Cardiac Arrest Is The Default For Many Unknown Deaths - But It Is Overused

Cardiac arrest, essentially a heart attack, appears on a lot of coroner reports but it frequently...

540 Million Years: Oldest Footprints On Earth Discovered

Pond scums were an animal’s best friend. 540 million years ago, oxygen was scarce in the...

Meditation Gurus In Academia Should Stop Claiming Social Rejection Causes Violence And Meditation Prevents It

Meditation advocates from three schools say a lower ability to cope with the pain of being rejected...

Pediatrician Survey Finds 74 Percent Against Spanking

A survey sent to 1,500 pediatricians, most practicing physicians for more than 15 years and nearly...

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Blanket stereotypes are bad but they often come into existence for a reason; the problem becomes when everyone is labeled with the same brush. There is a common belief that some schools, high school and college, are giving athletes an easier time because they have physical skills but not academic ones, for example, and so all athletes become considered "dumb jocks".

Are college athletes victims of stereotype threat the way sociologists contend women and minorities in science classes are?

Thermoelectric power plants interact with climate, hydrology, and aquatic ecosystems while rivers serve as "horizontal cooling towers"  — but at a cost to the environment, says a new analysis.  

A coronal mass ejection (CME) is when our sun sends billions of tons of solar particles into space. A CME can affect electronic systems in satellites and NASA recently saw three.

Humans navigate complex social situations in deciding who to befriend or to abandon - a "frenemy" is someone who is both friend and enemy while the old military saying is that 'the enemy of my enemy is my friend'.

Animal social networks also use sophistication in judging social configurations and a new paper in Animal Behaviour applied a long-standing theory in social psychology called "structural balance."  

How do we often find something tiny in a large area? 

When our brains begin a targeted search, various visual and non-visual regions of the brain mobilize to track down that person, animal or thing. That means that if we're looking for a youngster lost in a crowd, the brain areas usually dedicated to recognizing other objects, or even the areas attuned to abstract thought, shift their focus and join the search party. The brain rapidly becomes highly focused child-finder, and redirects resources it uses for other mental tasks.

Wildfires turn millions of hectares of vegetation into charcoal each year but it wouldn't seem like it ends up in the oceans.

Yet researchers have found that this charcoal does not remain in the soil, as previously thought. Instead, it is transported to the sea by rivers and thus enters the carbon cycle. The researchers analyzed water samples from all over the world. They demonstrated that soluble charcoal accounts for ten percent of the total amount of dissolved organic carbon.