# Physics

The first question was only apparently easy - even too much, from the outset. The fact is, the devil is always hiding in the details, as I immediately realized as I tested it by asking an experienced colleague to answer it. He got part of the question wrong, but in doing so he clarified to me that there was a non trivial aspect below the surface.

** H**ow does knowing that neutrinos have mass, and change from one kind of particle to the other kind benefit all mankind? Why should Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald get a Nobel Prize for finding this? What the heck is a neutrino anyway? How does the impact of science like basic Physics or Astronomy compare to say… lung cancer research in terms of the immediacy of the impact? In short why should the normal average person care about Neutrinos? In a tweet, a better understanding of the basic forces particles and fields that comprise the material world will inevitably lead to numerous direct applications that will effect the daily lives of our descendants.

- Takaaki Kajita Kajita (Super Kamiokande)
- Arthur McDonald (Sudbury Neutrino Observatory - SNO)

The remarkable coincidence of the empirical Pythagorean equation for SM flavor hierarchy angles with the outer euclidean symmetry 3-space metric equation for constant vector direction angles is the data evidence of basic connection between flavor phenomena and

** Motivation for Majorana Neutrinos from Special
Empirical**** Hierarchies**

In Part A, the core idea behind the space-times-time invariance as gravity was detailed. When one treats events as a 4-vector, the contraction of that 4-vector generates one number. When one treats events as quaternions, the square of a quaternion generates 4 numbers. If for two observers, the first number in the square is identical while the other three (I call space-times-time) are different, then the two observers are moving at a constant velocity relative to each other. The space-times-time proposal is exploring the case where the observers disagree about the interval, but have the same space-times-time.