In 2009, President Barack Obama slightly eased restrictions on the human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research that was first funded by his predecessor, President George W. Bush, but limited to specific lines. Using an executive order, Pres. Obama allowed for a few more lines to be created while still obeying President Clinton's Dickey-Wicker Amendment, which limited research on embryos.
But hESC research has been more political hype than reality - the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine convinced state voters to take on $3 billion more in debt with the assurance that Republicans in Washington, D.C. were suppressing the science and that if California showed leadership, there would be rapid advances in curing diseases. CIRM has successfully redistributed taxpayer money and the CEO gets a $500,000 annual paycheck to manage 56 government employees, which has to make small business owners chuckle, but for the public and for science not much has been realized. In a few years, the money will be gone and it is politically untouchable to suggest more debt to fund it again.
Unlike the political spin involving hESC, funding for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is actually prohibited by the federal government, even though therapeutic cloning is not used to clone a human being. But science continues to find ways around the Obama administration's ongoing ban - by not using embryos. Researchers have shown they can reprogram adult stem cells into pluripotent stem cells by nuclear transfer. Those are embryonic-like, they can develop into all the cells of our body, including those in the brain, heart, liver and blood, but because they are adult stem cells they are not restricted or banned by the federal government.
(a) Immunochemistry to determine chromosome condensation and histone phosphorylation after transfer of a somatic cell at interphase. Scale bar, 5 µm. (b) High-quality blastocysts obtained after nuclear transfer with the manipulations. Credit and link:
“Human pluripotent stem cells generated from adult cells may change the face of medicine,” said Nissim Benvenisty, cancer researcher at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in their statement.
Citation: Mitsutoshi Yamada, Bjarki Johannesson, Ido Sagi, Lisa Cole Burnett, Daniel H. Kort,
Robert W. Prosser, Daniel Paull, Michael W. Nestor, Matthew Freeby, Ellen Greenberg, Robin S. Goland, Rudolph L. Leibel, Susan L. Solomon, Nissim Benvenisty, Mark V. Sauer, Dieter Egli, 'Human oocytes reprogram adult somatic nuclei of a type 1 diabetic to diploid pluripotent stem cells', Nature 28 April 2014 doi:10.1038/nature13287
- PHYSICAL SCIENCES
- EARTH SCIENCES
- LIFE SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES
Subscribe to the newsletter
Stay in touch with the scientific world!
Know Science And Want To Write?
- Pseudoscience Creeping Into Your Conference? A Case In GMOs And Glyphosate
- My Thoughts On The LIGO-VIRGO Result
- Henri Poincaré Predicted The Existence Of Gravitational Waves As Early As June 5, 1905
- Are Dark Matter Scientists About To Prove Its Existence?
- Gravitational Waves? Watch the LIGO press conference at 10:30 Eastern.
- Beyond Diamonds And Gems: The World's Rarest Minerals
- 36 Million Americans Cook In The Nude
- "Hi Dan, I referrred to what described in https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/page/ligos-ifo . From that..."
- "It's to be remembered that the Irish had small kingdoms in Wales and Cornwall as well as Scotland..."
- "Thank you for this comment.Raymond Poincaré (1860-1934) was the first cousin of Henri Poincaré..."
- "I like the argument on how evolving the entertainment technology are, the human being still enjoy..."
- "The power flux (power per unit area) of plane gravitational waves can be derived from Einstein's..."
- Fluorine: The Element From Hell
- Beard Microbiology: Grubby Hipsters May Be On To Something
- Water Tops the List of Health Concerns for Competitive Eaters
- Natural Flavors Are More Radioactive Than Artificial Ones.
- Bariatric Surgery Beneficial Even for Older People
- Opiates No Better at Easing Knee Osteoarthritis Pain
- Speech disorder called apraxia can progress to neurodegenerative disease
- Market integration could help offset climate-related food insecurity
- What values are important to scientists?
- Drones for research: DePaul University archaeologist to explain UAV use at Fifa
- Does living near an oil or natural gas well affect your drinking water?