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    This Time, Let's Spend Money On Battery Research Rather Than Subsidies
    By Hank Campbell | January 24th 2013 05:44 PM | 7 comments | Print | E-mail | Track Comments
    About Hank

    I'm the founder of Science 2.0®.

    A wise man once said Darwin had the greatest idea anyone ever had. Others may prefer Newton or Archimedes...

    View Hank's Profile
    We love our modern gadgets, so we sometimes forget we still have an energy problem our Founding Fathers faced - and it impacts everything from the usability of solar power to the uptake of electric cars also.

    That old problem is energy storage (and release).  For as much as activists rant about a darn efficient combustion engine, batteries - including the acid rain they bring - don't get a mention any more.  They have moved on to protesting fracking, wind power, and every other form of generating energy. Acid rain worries due to energy storage is very 1980s. If they care about the environment, they should be lobbying for more battery research instead of spending a lot of money insisting 400 miles of pipeline on the Ogallala aquifer, in addition to the 20,000 miles we already have, will kill the planet.

    As Boeing's new supposedly ultra-efficient 787 Dreamliner can attest, storage is a big deal and cooked lithium-ion batteries can be a billion-dollar problem - not to mention a public relations headache. So while we squandered $72 billion of taxpayer money on a green energy pipe dream, we have wasted the chance to improve the real bottleneck - that bottleneck being that the most advanced battery technology in use, lithium ion, has been around since Jimmy Carter was president.

    What is the government solution to the storage crisis we face?  The same Cold War mentality we have been stuck with for longer than I have been alive - yet another "Manhattan Project", this time for batteries.  Batteries are not easy, there is a reason why they have not changed much in 150 years.  They work pretty well, in their limited roles. A new, 21st century energy storage solution means understanding chemistry, materials, engineering, manufacturing and byzantine government safety standards that all lead to giant cost headaches.  Who is the least qualified to be able to solve all of those complex issues?  The government.

    For big deployments, like a giant airplane, lithium ion is actually more dangerous than a lead acid battery;  the electrolyte is more flammable. So what is the solution?  Well, we have national labs and there are smart people there who might like to be part of the first big improvement in energy storage since Alessandro Volta in 1800.  150 years in cars means current batteries have served us well, but it's time to move on.  Or we could do it the way we put a man on the moon and hire a lot of companies that are not crippled by bureaucracy the way modern NASA is, but that is unlikely, at least for the next few years.

    So we are stuck with government-controlled science. The problem is that we are going to get a new head of the Department of Energy and President Obama has shown a penchant for science activists rather than pure scientists - current DoE head Dr. Stephen Chu was obsessed with CO2 rather than energy, for example, he wanted $9 a gallon gasoline, leading him to be swayed by political activists insisting that if we mandate and subsidize solar power, the miracle of capitalism will make it work.  The black eye for all those energy company bankruptcies is on him but it shouldn't be; his boss has shown he hates energy so Chu's replacement is likely to be someone whose primary credentials are being old and against nuclear power, rather than young and inventive enough to take us into a clean energy future.

    Comments

    MikeCrow
    There's Bill Gates kind of money for the guy/business who fixes this problem.
    Like you, I think the Gov should spend it's money in areas that need specific breakthrough technologies, not waste it playing venture capitalists, especially at loan interest rates of return.
    There's a reason VC's get huge chunks of equity for their money.
    Never is a long time.
    Thor Russell
    These guys just need to get their manufacturing right, the technology sounds awesome.
    http://www.eosenergystorage.com/technology

    At that price and specs there is a massive market for the grid storage they provide. I'd buy one if it came in a small enough size. It'd pay for itself in about 5 years given the difference in day/night electricity. Even without any focus on renewables etc it would be a game changer for the electricity industry.
    Thor Russell
    Quentin Rowe

    Here's a link for Batt's for the EV's...

    Sulfur Cathodes Set a World Record for Energy Storage:

    http://scitechdaily.com/sulfur-cathodes-set-a-world-record-for-energy-storage/

    John Hasenkam
    There's a reason VC's get huge chunks of equity for their money.
    Yes. When I was seeking funding through business angels for a doomed AI project I was involved in I was amazed at the demands being made. They would fund the project with interest, demand a controlling interest, even over the intellectual property. So someone can spend 20 years developing a promising new technology, do all the hard work, and then must sacrifice a huge dollop of potential income through want of capital investment. I mentioned the situation to my brother and he stated, Jóhn there is a rule and it is this: He who has the gold  makes the rules. 

    MikeCrow
    From the VC side, I think something like 1 in 10 pay off, so that one has to recover what they spent on the 10.

    My old boss became a partner at one of the big VC's in San Jose, I joked with other employees that it's one of the few jobs that you have to pay, a lot to get.
    Never is a long time.
    Hank
    Yes, and it all comes down to negotiation and value. I raised quite a bit of money for this but still retain the overwhelming majority of stock. What VCs get is preferred stock (in America) so they get their money back first and then an equal share of the profit. Which is entirely reasonable since, as you note, they are writing the checks.
    John Hasenkam
    In today's news ... 
    Toyota Motor Corp. and BMW Group are working together on next-generation batteries for green vehicles called "lithium-air" as their collaboration, first announced in late 2011, moves ahead in fuel cells, sports vehicles and other fields.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-01-toyota-bmw-battery-technology.html#jCp