It's only 0.11% of UK greenhouse gas emissions and there are replacements already in use industrially as we ramp down to zero emissions by 2050.
This is a known problem, the technology to solve it has been in development since 2016 and in commercial use since 2016. Although it's only a fraction of a percent of emissions, it is important for the future as we ramp down to zero emissions. There is nothing here to be scared of, and we can still use renewables. This is another click bait article by the BBC that’s being shared widely on twitter today. Dozens of shares.
It's the most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned.
The main issue is that they do not explain to the reader that this gas contributes only a fraction of a percent of greenhouse gas emissions.
Another thing they do not explain is that many new projects now use a replacement gas called g3 which has been in development since 2010 and first used commercially in 2016.
This is another article I'm writing to support people we help in the Facebook Doomsday Debunked group, that find us because they get scared, sometimes to the point of feeling suicidal about it, by such stories. Do share this with your friends if you find it useful, as they may be panicking too.
CALCULATION OF EMISSIONS PERCENTAGE
The gas they are talking about is SF6 or sulphur hexafluoride which is a non conducting insulating gas used for circuit breakers, switching gear and gas insulated lines. It is a very powerful greenhouse gas, so although the amounts released are minute, we still need to reduce it even further.
It is indeed the gas with the highest global warming potential value assessed in the IPCC fifth assessment report. See Global Warming Potential Values.
However the contribution to total emissions is tiny. Significant when you want to get right down to zero emissions but not exactly the highest priority. In the UK, in 2017, it amounted to 0.11% of greenhouse gas emissions.
From the 2017 figures, in kilotons of CO2 equivalent, SF6 emissions were 525 kt CO2 equivalent and total emissions were 464,453 kt CO2 equivalent
That makes it 100*525/464,453 = 0.11%
Figures from the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory - see UK emissions data selector
You can do searches like that from their data selector page here: UK emissions data selector
NOT A NEW PROBLEM - THE GREEN GAS FOR GRID, G3
It is not a new problem. Industry has been working on a replacement since 2010.
Starting in 2010, GE's Grid Solutions business collaborated with 3M to develop Green Gas for Grid, (g3, pronounced "g" cubed), an insulating medium for HV switchgear with the same technical performance, same dimensional footprint and same ability to operate in ambient conditions as SF6 (down to -30 degrees Celsius), but with 99 per cent less GWP.
They do not mention this, except to say
“However, for medium voltage operations there are several tried-and-tested materials.”
Perhaps by that they are referring to g3?
There is no patent on the gas, allowing manufacturers to develop their own solutions and it is tested up to 145 kV for gas-insulated substations:
g3 is now fully type-tested and commercially available, and the portfolio includes gas-insulated substations (GIS) up to 145 kV, gas-insulated lines (GIL) up to 420 kV and air-insulated switchgear (AIS) current transformers up to 245 kV.
The mixture is also available for all HV switchgear manufacturers wishing to develop SF6-free HV products above 52kV.
It has 98 percent less impact on global warming than SF6. It was first installed for a gas insulated line at Sellindge in England in 2016.
The gas used is 3M™ Novec™ 4710 Insulating Gas with the formula (CF3)2CFCN
Details of the gas here
This will reduce the emissions for Selindge over 40 years from 7,247 tons of CO2 equivalent right down to only 48 tons.
National Grid Begins Journey to SF6-free HV Substations
That report from says
The entire electrical transmission industry is buzzing over the technical achievement of energizing the first high voltage gas-insulated line (GIL) using an environmentally friendly alternative to SF6. This SF6 alternative insulation medium is called g3: Green Gas for Grid. To date, there has been no alternative to SF6 technology since its inception in the 1970ís, when it was introduced as an insulation medium in High Voltage (HV) switchgear.
VACUUM BASED SWITCHING GEAR
The BBC article also mentions use of vacuum based switching gear for high voltage applications such as wind turbines.
Siemens is making 102 units of SF6 free gas insulated switchgear for the Anglia One offshore wind farm for 2019.
The other thing you can do is to reduce the leaks of SF6. This is about work to reduce SF6 leaks in the US:
How to Track & Reduce SF6 Gas Emissions in Dead Tank Circuit Breakers (youtube video)
However as Mark Waldron put it, National Grid U.K.'s switchgear technical leader.
"If we can move to a world where we are not using SF6 at all, this is clearly a better way of managing the problem, rather than using a damaging gas and having to manage it,"
EU COMMITMENT TO STEEP REDUCTION IN FLUORINATED GREENHOUSE GASES
The EU is committed to reduce all the fluoronated gases rapidly over the next decade.
According to the EU Environment Agency,
Fluorinated greenhouse gases reported under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change accounted for approximately 3 % of overall greenhouse gas emissions expressed in tonnes CO2 equivalent in the EU in 2016.
They say that the phase down remains on track. The black dots here are the targets:
Lots of details here:
This is about some of the measures that will ensure it stays on track
Guide to F-Gas Regulation and the HFC Phase-down - ICS Cool Energy
- Do renewables for power generation take up more land area than fossil fuels? Well - not really!
- Wind farms and solar farms need to be sited carefully to protect wild birds, bats and insects - but biggest risk by far is … the domestic cat! Responsible for 63 extinctions, wind farms for 0 extinctions
- North Sea Dogger Bank wind turbine project could supply more power to the EU by 2045 than coal does now
back to top
Seven tips for dealing with doomsday fears
If you are scared: Seven tips for dealing with doomsday fears which also talks about health professionals and how they can help.
If in the middle of a panic attack, see
- Breathe in and out slowly and deeply to calm a panic attack by Robert Walker on Debunking Doomsday
- Tips from CBT - might help some of you to deal with doomsday anxieties
- STOPP skill
Useful links to bookmark
- Search Doomsday Debunked (Facebook)
- Search Debunking Doomsday
- List of debunks
- Search Quora for articles by 'robert walker' (insert whoever you want to search for)
- Search Sites rated Very High for Factual
- Search Doomsday Debunked Wiki
Tip, bookmark those links to search for debunks more easily. Here is a screenshot of my bookmarks
Facebook support group
Facebook group Doomsday Debunked has been set up to help anyone who is scared by these fake doomsdays.
If you need help
Do message me on Quora or PM me on Facebook if you need help.
There are many others in the group who are available to support scared people via PM and who can also debunk fake Doomsday “news” for you if you get scared of a story and are not sure if it is true. See our debunkers list
If you are suicidal don’t forget there’s always help a phone call away with the List of suicide crisis lines - Wikipedia