Since Shinya Yamanaka reprogrammed first mouse and then human ordinary cells into powerful pluripotent stem cells, termed induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, back in 2006-2007 many new research avenues have opened up.

Emulsifiers are one key group of food ingredients that is broadly used in formulation of packaged food products.
The XVI edition of "Neutrino Telescopes" is about to start in Venice today. In the meantime, I have started to publish in the conference blog a few excerpts of the posters that compete for the "best poster award" at the conference this week. You might be interested to check them out:

LAUGHTER IS CLOSELY RELATED TO FEAR, RESEARCHERS FIND

HONG KONG, March 2, 2015

The surest way to make someone laugh is to attack them, researchers said this week.

Humor is rooted in fear, and laughter is a type of screaming.

The widespread belief that surprise is the basic unit of joke delivery is wrong, according to entertainment researchers at the School of Design, Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Unpredictability is a common but OPTIONAL element of the process of making people laugh out loud, while the creation of emotional tension is far more significant.

Exchanges between atheists and the “truly” religious seem pointless. Logic can’t win over a human who, as the result of personal experiences and genetics, can’t be an atheist any more than a heterosexual can “fix” a homosexual arguing about the reproductive illogic of homosexuality.


International researchers have reported a nanoparticle (74 nm in diameter) that can be used as a contrast agent for six different medical imaging techniques:
  1. Near IR
  2. CT Scanning
  3. Fluorescence Imaging
  4. Photoacoustic Imaging
  5. PET Scanning
  6. Cerenkov-Luminescence Imaging
The core of the particle is covered by a porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP) wrapper. The initial tests were conducted on a turkey breast as the closest simulator to the human breast tissue.

Astrophysicists from USA and Germany have discovered the first strange non-chaotic attractor1 in space: a star, name KIC 5520878 - a part of the variable star2 family, that pulsates at characteristic frequencies3 fitting the Golden Ratio of 1.62.
The discovery was made when the researchers were scanning data from the Kepler Telescope for evidence supporting that advanced extra-terrestrial civilizations use variable stars2 for inter-galaxy communication.

Applications:

It’s quite revealing that Karen Kafadar and Anne-Marie Mazza (LiveScience Op-Ed on February 24, 2015, titled "Using Faulty Forensic Science, Courts Fail the Innocent") demand more research in forensic science while ignoring one of the most significant studies on forensic science and erroneous convictions ever conducted.
Miscellanea

Miscellanea

Feb 28 2015 | 0 comment(s)

This week I was traveling in Belgium so my blogging activities have been scarce. Back home, I will resume with serious articles soon (with the XVI Neutrino Telescopes conference next week, there will be a lot to report on!). In the meantime, here's a list of short news you might care about as an observer of progress in particle physics research and related topics.

It has long been accepted that large power output requires big-sized fusion reactors. But, based on calculations performed on beta plasma parameter1 by researchers from Tokamak Energy, UK, a company that builds compact tokamaks, size is not a significant issue when it comes to Fusion Power Gain2.

Applications:
There is apossiblity of building lower power, smaller and cheaper fusion reactors than currently planned.
US firm, Lockheed Martin, has already declared its plan to build a compact fusion reactor the size of a truck by 2019. After this research by Tokamak Energy, more such projects may be possible.